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Published Document Title Authors Pages Abstract
February 2018 Financial Literacy in WCPSS Huang, Haigen
Lenard, Matthew

9 View Abstract

In the spring of 2016 and 2017, over 3,600 high school juniors were administered a brief survey commonly used to measure financial literacy among adults across the US. The district administered this survey because education stakeholders have become increasingly interested in—and concerned about—the financial literacy of students as a component of readiness for college, career and citizenship. Results showed that male students demonstrated greater financial literacy than female students. Also, Asian and White students exhibited rates of financial literacy roughly double those of their Black and Hispanic/Latino counterparts. When considering a number of factors together, Academically or Intellectually Gifted (AIG) status, being male, and meeting college/career readiness benchmarks in 8th grade math were the strongest predictors of financial literacy. The results suggest that WCPSS should explore interventions that can help close these gaps to ensure that all students leave high school with a solid foundation in financial literacy.

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June 2017 Math Acceleration in WCPSS Elementary and Middle Schools: Implementation and Impact Lenard, Matthew

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Since 2014, the Wake County Public School System has implemented single subject acceleration (SSA) as a way to provide students with access to advanced mathematics courses. This report includes three main findings related to the implementation and impact of SSA. First, a disproportionally large percentage of male, Asian and academically/intellectually gifted students were nominated, qualified and accelerated compared with their female, Black and Hispanic/Latino counterparts. Second, roughly two-thirds of students who qualified for SSA in mathematics actually proceeded to take the accelerated course. Third, near the qualifying cutoff score, accelerated students performed similarly to their non-accelerated counterparts, suggesting that SSA had no significant achievement effects—positive or negative—for students who were accelerated. We recommend that staff expand the visibility of SSA in order to inform more diverse populations, identify potential causes of non-acceleration among qualifiers, explore options for assessing content-level mastery, and maintain the 80% qualifying CASE score for SSA mathematics.

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November 2014 SAT Scores, 2013-14: Wake County Public School System Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

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In 2013-14, students in WCPSS continued to score 60-70 points higher on the SAT compared to students in NC and across the nation. All major WCPSS ethnic groups also continued to score significantly higher than their peers. Fifty-four percent of WCPSS students met the College Board's College and Career Readiness Benchmark. North Carolina had 41% of its students meeting the benchmark, while the nation had 43%. Continued improvements on college entrance exams are likely to be driven by student exposure to rigorous curriculum and high-level coursework. Schools are encouraged to find ways to prepare all students to engage in rigorous experiences in high school.

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May 2014 SAT Scores, 2012-13: Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad
Muli, Juliana

8 View Abstract

In 2012-13, students in WCPSS continued to score 50-60 points higher on the SAT compared to students in NC and across the nation. Most major WCPSS ethnic groups also continued to score significantly higher than their peers. Trends in performance on college entrance exams such as the SAT represent important metrics for monitoring how well the system is preparing all students for post- secondary success.

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March 2014 Advanced Placement Results, 2011-12 and 2012-13 McMillen, Brad
Muli, Juliana

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Students in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) continue to score well on AP exams with an increased percentage of students enrolling in the courses. As in past years, in 2013 the district had higher average AP exam scores compared to the state and the nation. WCPSS had 76.6% of scores 3 or higher in 2013 (qualified and above). Again in both 2012 and 2013, a high number of students took exams in Environmental Science, English Language & Composition, Psychology, and Statistics. Schools can use these data to benchmark themselves against their own past performance as well as their peers across the district. Encouraging more students to participate in AP classes and take the exams, in addition to other high-level coursework, should help WCPSS graduates be college and career-ready.

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December 2013 High School Retention Rate: 2011-12 Paeplow, Colleen

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Retention means repeating one or more courses in high school, rather than a full grade. Over 3,500 high school students were retained in 2011-12 in WCPSS, with the largest numbers in grades 9 and 10. Some students enter high school below grade level. In 2011-12, half the WCPSS high schools had greater than 30% of students entering 9th grade below grade level in reading and greater than 20% below grade level in mathematics based on EOG scores from grade 8. Of retained students in grade 9: nearly two thirds failed English I; more than half failed science and social studies; and nearly half failed mathematics. In addition, 1 in 5 retained students in grade 9 passed English I, but were missing credit in another course subject. While high schools have resources for students performing below grade level (e.g.,"bridging" courses and general supports) the supports examined were limited and/or underutilized, with the exception of mathematics support courses. Fewer than 15% of students who entered high school below grade level were enrolled in a reading support course. Based on the study's findings, it is recommended that staff: identify and utilize early indicators to determine students in need of extra support; find ways to increase the availability and usage of middle and high school supports for struggling students and monitor their success; and examine practices that may help lower retention rates.

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August 2013 2011-12 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

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WCPSS students continue to fare well on the SAT test compared to students in the state and nation. While there was a slight decline in the overall average score in 2012 compared to the previous year, the scores continue a trend of measurable improvement over time. In addition, most major ethnic groups continue to have average scores significantly higher than comparable groups in the state and nation. In 19 of the last 21 years, the WCPSS participation rate has remained above 70%, suggesting that a large majority of WCPSS seniors are intending to continue their education by going to college. In the same 21-year time frame, participation rates for the state have mostly been in the 60% range, while national rates have been in the high 40s.

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May 2013 Formative Assessment with Technology 2011-12: Second Year of Implementation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina
Talbot, Troy

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The second year (2011-12) of the Formative Assessment with Technology Project in three WCPSS schools was studied to determine the fidelity of implementation of the formative assessment practices and the project's impact on student achievement. Classroom observations and surveys of teachers and students showed that implementation was moderate, and it varied widely across teachers. Certain targeted practices were reported or observed much more often than others. High turnover in the teachers participating in the project likely contributed to the uneven implementation. High school staff had the highest level of implementation of training concepts as well as the highest use of the electronic response tools for assessment. Full implementation and impact on state achievement test scores was expected to take two years to be evident. Since only nine teachers participated and had data for two years, impact could not be reliably assessed. This pilot training model would be too expensive to roll out district-wide in WCPSS. More cost effective models may be used to encourage appropriate use of formative assessment.

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March 2013 Evaluation of the Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) Program: Wilburn Elementary School, Year 2 2011-12 Baenen, Nancy

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Wilburn was in its fourth year of implementing Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) in 2011-12, which is designed to attract, retain, and motivate quality teachers and increase student achievement. It was in the second year of TIF funding to provide performance pay for improved student performance. Analysis of EOG reading and math test scores for 2011-12 showed increases in student performance (where different cohorts of students are compared over time) and growth (when a student is compared to him- or herself over time). All staff earned some performance pay based on the TAP model formulas (unlike the previous year). Recommendations are to provide more ways for teachers to share their perceptions of TAP, to start observations earlier in the year, and to improve training by focusing on the application of the rubric and differentiating training (for teachers new to TAP and those with experience).

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February 2013 Academic Achievement Academy (AAA), 2011-12 Rhea, Anisa

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The Academic Achievement Academy (AAA) was initiated in 2010-11. It provided short-term, after-school tutoring in reading and mathematics for students in grades 3-8 with the goal of increasing the performance composites of participating schools to at least 70%. In 2011-12, AAA supported 1,185 students at 20 schools, 13 of which also participated in AAA in 2010-11. By the end of 2011-12, four first-year and four second-year schools had met the program goal. Findings indicate less of a positive impact on reading outcomes than mathematics, based on comparisons to a matched group of students. AAA cost about $500 per student served in 2011-12, increasing to $864 for each student who made academic growth. AAA was discontinued for the 2012-13 school year. Recommendations for future after-school program implementation efforts are offered.

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January 2013 2011-12 District Improvement Initiatives Evaluation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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Seven District Improvement initiatives were implemented in 2011-12 in WCPSS. All were well designed and coordinated, with common goal setting processes and use of common monitoring tools. All initiatives either met or partially met 2011-12 goals. Some were more successful in showing student outcomes, with the most positive initiatives being elementary mathematics and adolescent literacy. These results should be used to influence future decisions about continuation or strengthening of these efforts. New components that were well received and implemented by those trained (but which did not have achievement results as yet) should also be considered for future funding.

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September 2012 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2011-12 McMillen, Brad

594 View Abstract

Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2011-

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February 2012 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Results, 2010-11 Gilleland, Kevin

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One method of delivering college-level coursework to high school students is through the Advanced Placement (AP) program. Many colleges and universities provide credit to students who earn a qualifying score on any of the 34 available AP exams1 offered by the College Board. All qualified comprehensive high schools in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) offer AP courses and exams, although the availability of specific courses varies from school to school.

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January 2012 The Relationship between Mid-Year Benchmark and End-of-Grade Assessments: 2010-11 McMillen, Brad

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The Relationship between Mid-Year Benchmark and End-of-Grade Assessments: 2010-11

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December 2011 District Improvement Outcomes: 2010-11 Paeplow, Colleen

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In 2010-11, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) was in district-wide improvement as a result of failing to meet Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in mathematics at the district level for the second consecutive year. This report examines overall student outcomes in 2010-11 as well as overall teacher outcomes and longitudinal results for schools targeted for three consecutive years of SIOP® training and support compared to matched schools who were not involved. SIOP® schools had a greater increase in students reaching growth targets than in the district overall. Increases in reading and mathematics proficiency at SIOP® elementary schools and reading at SIOP® middle schools were similar or slightly higher than for WCPSS. Overall mathematics results were not positive for SIOP® middle schools; however, matched school analysis by subject and school level found targeted student subgroups (i.e., Hispanic/Latino and Black/African American, Limited English Proficient, and economically disadvantaged) did benefit from attending SIOP® targeted schools. 2010-11 represented the first year of implementation of the Secondary Literacy and Secondary Mathematics Initiatives. The demographic similarity of schools implementing Secondary Mathematics with WCPSS coupled with the weak results indicates, as with Secondary Literacy, the results of this initiative could be strengthened by more selective process of targeting schools to receive training.

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December 2011 WCPSS District Improvement Implementation 2010-11 Baenen, Nancy
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

94 View Abstract

Instructional strategies aimed at improving achievement of low performing student subgroups in need of support were selected by the District Improvement Advisory Committee, so that WCPSS could exit District Improvement status. Impact of each initiative, which often included teacher training and coaching is examined in this implementation report. Recommendations are made including setting strategic goals and systematically monitoring implementation; targeting schools or teachers with high numbers of AYP groups of students in need of support; being intentional in coaching efforts and structuring coaching models based on the SIOP® experience; building ownership and commitment at the school level; and coordinating new and existing efforts to optimize effectiveness.

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August 2011 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2010-2011 McMillen, Brad

703 View Abstract

Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2010-2011

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July 2011 Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) at Wilburn Elementary School: Year 3 Evaluation Report Baenen, Nancy

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The Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) is a model for training, teacher advancement, and instructional strategies. Based on interviews and observations, the four TAP principles were implemented with fidelity during the 2010-11 school year, with one exception--teacher evaluations. Feedback was slow, and teachers had concerns about the reliability of the ratings. The impact on teachers was negative. Compared to 2009-10, reading and math proficiency improved in grades 3 and 5 in 2010-11 but not grade 4. However, compared to proficiency before TAP began, only Grade 5 had improved reading proficiency and none of the grades (3, 4, and 5) had higher proficiency in math. Grade 4 had positive trends for Academic Change (growth) in both reading and math.

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July 2011 Title I Preschool Program in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): Short- and Long-Term Outcomes Baenen, Nancy

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The longitudinal study of the 2005-06 preschool in WCPSS found short-term gains during the preschool year, but limited impact by kindergarten and no average impact by the end of 3rd grade on achievement, retention rates, special education placements, or attendance. Small sample sizes limit conclusions that can be drawn; a larger study with a stronger research design is recommended for next year. The larger 2010-11 preschool program provided strong evidence of short-term gains on achievement after the preschool experience. Teachers and parents were generally satisfied with the program. Teachers suggested higher student attendance and greater parent involvement would be helpful. Teachers used Creative Curriculum materials with varying frequency; they also viewed some components of the curriculum as more effective than others.

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June 2011 Comprehensive Assessment Systems: Purposes and Implementation Talbot, Troy

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Comprehensive Assessment Systems: Purposes and Implementation

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June 2011 Outcomes for Supplemental Education Services (SES): 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report, the third of three reports examining Supplemental Education Services (SES) within the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), focused on the long-term goal of improved student achievement by the end of the school year. In 2009-10, 508 students participated in SES at the five schools offering SES: Brentwood, Fox Road, Poe, Wendell, and York. The vast majority of students (83%) participating in SES received tutoring services in both reading and mathematics. Overall, this study did not support the value of SES in promoting higher achievement (beyond what matched students achieved).

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April 2011 Assessing the Value of the Arts: Looking Beyond Traditional Achievement Measures Baenen, Nancy
Brasfield, Jon

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Courses in the arts develop skills specific to the discipline. Research also suggests that the arts contribute to enhanced attentiveness, engagement in school, communication skills, and critical and divergent thinking. Other studies point out benefits for at-risk students in reducing negative outcomes such as dropout and crime rates. Studies report a correlational relationship between arts education and reading achievement, but a causal link has not been established. Thus, there is evidence of benefits of the arts that can support students' success in school, but more high quality causal studies are needed.

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March 2011 Implementation of Supplemental Education Services: 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report, the second of three reports examining Supplemental Education Services (SES) within WCPSS, focused on the implementation of SES, and the degree to which short-term and intermediate goals were met. In 2009-10, the SES program was largely implemented with fidelity, with some areas needing refinement related to communication and monitoring. Monitoring reports noted appropriate instruction based on learning plans was occurring. SES has 13 implementation requirements for the Local Educational Agency (7), providers (2), and parents (4). Nine were fully met, with four partially met. The two short-term goals--student enrollment in SES and providers pre-assess all participants--were met. Three of the six intermediate goals were met (progress reports given to parents, minimum of 30 hours offered to each student, monitoring showed implementation occurring) and two additional goals were partially met (attendance at SES and post-assessments given to completers).

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February 2011 End-of-Course (EOC) Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

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End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in selected courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2009-10 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students scoring proficient. For the first time in 2009-10, all students who scored at Level II on EOCs were retested. Retests added 3.7 to 5.8 percentage points to the overall proficiency rates on each test. Changes in performance between 2008-09 and 2009-10 varied by group and by course, although most ethnic groups saw increases in both proficiency and average scale scores across the board. Despite gains of the last three to five years, Hispanic/Latino students, students from lower-income backgrounds, and students with limited English proficiency (LEP) scored below their corresponding NC state rates. The LEP subgroup is barely above 50% proficient. It is imperative that progress for these groups continue to accelerate.

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February 2011 Instructional Assistance For Wake County Public Schools System Elementary Students, 2009-10 Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has numerous programs and strategies to support students who are underachieving. Given the variety of support sources and the different ways in which WCPSS schools keep track of the type of support provided to students, it is often difficult at the district level to discern the full extent to which these students are supported beyond regular instruction, particularly by whom and through what funding source. Information on the types of services provided to students that extend beyond large supplemental programs such as Title I, English as a Second Language (ESL), and Special Education can be most reliably obtained from classroom teachers. To systemically collect data on the amount of need and support services given to K-5 students in 2009-10, elementary school teachers were asked to answer questions about whether their students were having frequent difficulty in literacy and mathematics, and if so, whether they received at least 30 hours of assistance and who provided it. These data were requested in the spring of 2010 as part of the annual K-5 Assessment Data survey completed by elementary school teachers. This report on the instructional assistance data for 2009-10 provides a brief look at the extent to which students had frequent difficulty in literacy and/or mathematics, whether these students received support beyond regular instruction and by whom, and whether the pattern of support differed at Title I elementary schools compared to non-Title I elementary schools.

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February 2011 Supplemental Education Services: 2008-09 & 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report describes SES within Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in terms of the schools, providers, and student participants in 2008-09 and 2009-10. It is the first in a series of three reports related to SES. NCLB requires schools receiving Title I funding in their second year of school improvement to offer eligible students Supplemental Educational Services (SES) in addition to existing Title I services. The SES programs for WCPSS in 2008-09 and 2009-10 were in compliance with federal guidelines to make available an SES program, enroll only FRL students, and to use state-approved vendors to deliver the program. SES is designed to improve the achievement of FRL students who score below, at, or above grade level. Therefore, service to some students may help schools reach AYP standards while service to others may help individual students and schools reach ABCs and other standards of academic success.

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January 2011 ABCs and AYP Results, WCPSS: 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

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In 2009-10, 92% of WCPSS schools met Expected or High Growth as measured by the North Carolina ABCs program, a 3.5 percentage point increase from 2008-09. Fifty-four percent of the schools made High Growth and 38% made Expected Growth. All subgroups saw their percentages of students meeting growth increase to above 55% in 2009-10; with the "All Students" group above 60% (the state's definition of High Growth for a school). Slightly more than 90% of WCPSS schools were in the recognition categories Honor Schools of Excellence (5.8%), Schools of Excellence (3.2%), Schools of Distinction (40.6%), or Schools of Progress (40.6%). Yet there was a substantial decrease in the number of schools making AYP (38.4%) compared to 2008-09 (62.8%). The decrease in 2009-10 can partly be explained by the one-year effect of retests that benefitted schools in 2008-09, and the invalidation of tests for high school occupational course of study students by the U.S. Department of Education. There were a much greater proportion of schools that met High Growth among the schools that met AYP (71.7%) than among those that did not meet AYP (43.2%).

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December 2010 Foundations of Algebra: 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report examined the implementation of Foundations of Algebra, a course designed to provide high school students with low mathematics performance an extra opportunity to review and study foundational mathematics concepts prior to enrolling in Introductory Mathematics and subsequently Algebra I. In the fall of 2009, 877 high school students participated in Foundations of Algebra while another 774 students were enrolled directly into Introductory Mathematics in the spring of 2010. 1,600 students enrolled in Introductory Mathematics in 2008-09 were used as a comparison group. Eighty-two percent of Foundations of Algebra students were Level I or II; however, less than two-thirds of students (63%) scored Level I or low Level II--the program's criteria. Twenty-seven percent of students enrolled directly into Introductory Mathematics met the recommended criteria of high Level II scores. A higher percentage of students who participated in Foundations of Algebra enrolled in Algebra I and Algebra I Part I than did comparison students.

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December 2010 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2008-09 Regan, Roger
Speas, Carol

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In 2008-09, four alternate assessments were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. As in earlier years, results for WCPSS students were mixed. Student performance on the NCCLAS, an assessment designed mainly for limited English proficient (LEP) students, improved in mathematics but remained low in reading for the 141 students in grades 3 to 8 who took them. Fewer students took NCCLAS EOC exams but proficiency rates in English I and Algebra I, the two tests taken by the most students, were 81% and >95%, respectively. On the NCEXTEND1 assessments, which are taken by students with significant cognitive disabilities, proficiency rates ranged from 49-57% in reading and 46-73% in math for 461 Grade 3-8 students. The NCEXTEND2 assessments, administered to students with moderate intellectual or learning disabilities, were taken by the largest number of WCPSS students (1572). Results on these modified EOG exams were slightly higher than those of the two previous years but proficiency rates across grade levels remained low in both reading (18- 41%) and mathematics (30-52%). At the high school level, 277 students took NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments, which are based on the Occupational Course of Study and serve as alternates for required assessments in reading, mathematics, and science. The percentage of students achieving proficiency on the exams ranged from 44% in English, to 50% in mathematics, and 53% in Science.

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December 2010 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2009-10 Holdzkom, David
Regan, Roger

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The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2009-10. On the three alternate assessments that were given in 2009-10, results for WCPSS students were mixed. On the NCEXTEND1 assessments, which are taken by students with significant cognitive disabilities, proficiency rates for 479 Grade 3-8 students ranged from 46-70% in reading and from 48-79% in math, both up from last year but still generally lower than statewide rates. The NCEXTEND2 EOG assessments, administered to students with moderate intellectual or learning disabilities, were taken by the largest number of WCPSS students (2,106). Results on these modified EOG exams were slightly higher than those of the two previous years but proficiency rates across grade levels remained low in both reading (25-42%) and mathematics (43-54%). At the high school level, 412 students took NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments, which are based on the Occupational Course of Study and serve as alternates for required assessments in reading, mathematics, and science. The percentage of students achieving proficiency on the exams ranged from 68% in English, to 70% in mathematics, and 61% in Science, all up significantly from last year and closer to statewide rates.

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November 2010 Year 3 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Progress Report Brasfield, Jon
Cárdenas, Virginia

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The three MSAP schools; East Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet Middle School (EGMMS), Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet High School (GMHS), and Southeast Raleigh Leadership and Technology Magnet High School (SRMHS) showed progress on MSAP performance measures during the 3rd year of the grant. Data on 16 performance measures collected relate to "Desegregation and Choice" (6), "Building Capacity" (2), and "Academic Achievement of Students" (8). Overall, half the targets were met, with the most variability across schools for the Desegregation and Choice measures. Observations and survey results revealed increased efforts to implement innovative educational methods and programs at all three MSAP schools. Each school established strategic processes to address targets in each goal area. Although progress was made, much work remained to be done to achieve the original goals of the MSAP grant. The district requested and received a no-cost extension to run through the 2010-2011 school year.

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October 2010 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2009-10 McMillen, Brad

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WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2009-10

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September 2010 Analysis of 2009-10 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

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In 2009-10, students in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) posted average SAT scores of 543 in mathematics, 524 in critical reading and 504 in writing. The combined score for mathematics and critical reading was 1067, with a total average score of 1571.

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September 2010 WAKE COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM K-5 ASSESSMENT RESULTS: 2009-10 Rhea, Anisa

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Moderate to high percentages of Wake County Public School (WCPSS) students demonstrated grade-level performance on K-5 assessments in 2009-10. Results indicate very slight changes from prior years. The percentage of students proficient in reading book level and mathematics strands increased very slightly since 2007-08. Modest declines in proficiency were found in reading strands and expressive literacy assessments. Most students continue to meet unassisted writing sample standards, although the percentages of students mastering writing content or writing conventions were slightly lower than rates in 2007-08. Annual trends show modest increases in student subgroup performance. Reading book level and mathematics achievement gaps still exist yet are slowly narrowing among subgroups.

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September 2010 WCPSS District Improvement: 2009-10 Implementation Status Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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In 2009-10 Wake County Public Schools System (WCPSS) exited District Improvement in reading and remained in level one for mathematics. All District Improvement efforts gained momentum. The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP®) continued as the primary focus to meet the needs of limited English proficient (LEP) students in elementary and middle schools. The high school component was modified and addressed both literacy and mathematics. The number of trained SIOP® teachers considerably increased (from 588 in 2008-09 to 956 in 2009-10), follow-up coaching to support application of training reached more teachers, training implementation and buy-in strengthened. All SIOP® training, coaching, and implementation objectives for in 2009-10 were met or partially met. The number and use of SIOP® modified focus lessons increased substantially, but awareness could still be improved.

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August 2010 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2009-2010 McMillen, Brad

678 View Abstract

Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2009-2010

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June 2010 End-of-Grade (EOG) Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2008-09 McMillen, Brad

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In 2008-09, results from End-of-Grade (EOG) reading and mathematics tests in WCPSS continued to demonstrate an upward trend across grade levels and student subgroups. Disaggregation of results by ethnicity, income level, disability status, and English proficiency status showed that achievement gaps between historically underperforming subgroups and their peers are still significant but are closing. Results of the new EOG science test in grades 5 and 8 showed that proficiency rates in science are below those for reading and mathematics. The effect of retesting for students who fail to score proficient on the first administration of EOG tests indicated that retesting improved proficiency rates by 4-9 percentage points, and that some groups of students benefited more than others from retesting.

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June 2010 Middle School Mathematics: 2006-07 to 2008-09 Paeplow, Colleen

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In 2006-07, seven Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) middle schools piloted Algebraic Thinking as an alternate approach to teaching middle school mathematics. Algebraic Thinking was developed to help students in grade 6 reach higher mathematics courses by combining the regular and advanced middle school mathematics courses into one heterogeneously grouped class and differentiating instruction. Of the 1,493 grade 6 students enrolled in one of the five pilot schools, 1,087 were still enrolled in Algebraic Thinking in 2008-09 and were therefore included in the study. A comparison cohort of 1,078 grade 6 students enrolled from 2006-07 to 2008-09 was selected from five matched schools. While both cohorts of students improved academically, overall findings suggest that participation in Algebraic Thinking did not have a greater positive impact on students' mathematics achievement as measured by EOG proficiency or growth. However, a significantly higher percentage of Algebra I students at the Algebraic Thinking schools met their Algebra I growth target.

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May 2010 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2008-09 McMillen, Brad

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End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in 10 courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2008-09 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students scoring proficient. After the recent introduction of new EOC tests with higher standards, scores in WCPSS have begun to move back upward after an initial decline. Significant gaps in achievement are still evident, and proficiency rates have not fully recovered to the levels seen prior to these new tests. However, historically-underperforming subgroups have made significant gains, and have begun to close those gaps. Further acceleration of those gains will be important for ensuring that all students are prepared for their post-secondary futures.

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April 2010 Your Child and the Kindergarten Initial Assessment Baenen, Nancy

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Describes the Kindergarten Initial Assessment which all students are given as they enter kindergarten to assess their beginning skills. Also describes the kinds of skills that are helpful for students to have in kindergarten.

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March 2010 A Digest of UNC System Reports on Freshman Performance: 2006-07 Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

A Digest of UNC System Reports on Freshman Performance: 2006-07

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March 2010 The Relationship between High School Course Grades and Exam Scores Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

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Since the 2006-07 school year, in addition to earning a certain number of course credits, all North Carolina high school students have been required to pass the End of Course test (EOC) in five subjects in order to obtain a high school diploma. This report examines the relationship between EOC test results and course grades for Algebra I and English I, two of the subjects that are part of the new graduation requirements. Analyses are presented for two subsets of students: the students who failed the EOC test but passed the course and the students who passed the EOC test but failed the course. The size of the first subset decreased over the four-year period, while the size of the second one increased. Differences were observed among subgroups, in particular between gender, with female students having a greater chance of passing the course in comparison to male students with similar results on the EOC test.

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January 2010 NovaNET 2008-09 Evaluation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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NovaNET is a technology-based teacher-facilitated educational approach used at schools to support students at risk of not meeting graduation requirements to accrue credits in a variety of subjects. NovaNET contributes to the WCPSS goal of closing achievement gaps and creating opportunities for all students to graduate on time. In 2008-09, 38 NovaNET courses were offered districtwide. All high schools offered credit recovery (CR) courses. Six schools offered remediation opportunities, and 11 offered new credits. Based on summer courses, NovaNET had a high success rate in helping students earn credits towards graduation. Based on high summer pass rates, it is recommended to encourage use of NovaNET to earn course credits, examine ways to enhance EOC performance, designate use of NovaNET within course codes, streamline reporting methods, and enhance monitoring of success. Consider expanded use of NovaNET as a supplement for regular courses. Based on cost-effectiveness, expand student access to NovaNET in summer if feasible.

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December 2009 ABCs and AYP Results, WCPSS: 2008-09 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

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ABCs and AYP Results,WCPSS: 2008-09

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October 2009 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Grades 3-5: Evaluation 2007-08 Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

34 View Abstract

ALP 2007-08 was designed to primarily support Level I and II student below grade levels, with others supported as funds allowed. Evidence indicates many students scoring proficient were served (especially in literacy) while some students scoring below grade level received no documented support. ALP reached less than half of students scoring below grade level in literacy and in mathematics. Literacy achievement growth outcomes for Level I-II students below grade level were about the same as for other Level I-II students (many of whom received other services); ALP results were less positive for students who scored at grade level prior to service than for similar students. Mathematics proficiency results were less positive than for those served in other programs or not served. Achievement outcomes were similar for students served during the school day or outside of the school day.

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October 2009 Intervention Months Grades 6-8: Elective Results 2008-09 Paeplow, Colleen

26 View Abstract

North Carolina Student Accountability Standards require targeted intervention be provided to students who fail to meet statewide accountability standards. Intervention Months of employment were allotted to middle schools to help them provide intervention to students who are struggling academically. In 2008-09, Intervention Months 6-8 allotted Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) 32 middle schools 762 months of employment to be used along with other resources to provide targeted supplementary assistance to students requiring academic intervention beyond that provided in the regular classroom. In 2008-09, 3,155 students participated in an intervention elective. Findings suggest that participation in an intervention elective did not have a positive impact on reading achievement as measured by EOG proficiency or growth. The percentage of intervention elective participants at or above grade level increased more for mathematics than reading. A statistically significant higher percentage of students who participated in a mathematics intervention only made growth than did academically similar students not enrolled in the intervention elective.

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October 2009 Year 2 Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) Brasfield, Jon

56 View Abstract

In Year 2 of the MSAP grant, significant progress was made by each school and its community to implement the grant objectives. Year 2 represented an amalgamation of Year 1 activities that were not implemented due to a delay in hiring key personnel, original objectives assigned to Year 2, and several activities that arose from improvement sessions. Each school had a blue print that captured their performance measures, target outcomes, yearly activities, staff development activities, and resources along with a customized yearly time line. The 16 performance measures were grouped into three categories. The "Desegregation and Choice" category was the most difficult for schools to attain (with three or four of the six measures met by each school). All schools achieved both "Building Capacity" performance measures. In the "Academic Achievement" category, SRMHS achieved 5/8 targets, GMHS achieved 4/8, and EGMMS achieved 6/7 (4-year graduation rate is measured for the two high schools, but not for the middle school). In all, SRMHS achieved the stated target on 10/16 performance measures, GMHS on 10/16, and EGMMS met 12/15.

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August 2009 Analysis of 2008-09 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

7 View Abstract

Analysis of 2008-09 WCPSS SAT Scores

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June 2009 Algebra I Performance in Year-Long versus Semester-Long Courses Holdzkom, David

5 View Abstract

This study examined differences in student achievement between 9th grade students who took Algebra I in a twopart, year-long sequence and those who took a one-semester Algebra I course. Results indicated higher proficiency rates and higher growth results for students in the year-long sequence, especially for students who scored below Achievement Level IV on their 8th Grade Mathematics EOG test. Schools are urged to use these results to make data-based scheduling decisions for 9th grade Algebra I students.

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June 2009 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2007-08 McMillen, Brad
Stevens, Wendy

21 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in ten courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2007-08 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students who scored proficient. After the recent introduction of new EOC tests, scores for students in WCPSS have begun to tick back upward after a decline attributable to higher standards on those new tests. However, significant gaps in achievement are still evident, and proficiency rates have not fully recovered to the levels seen prior to these new tests. Higher standards, coupled with new EOC-based graduation requirements and a changing student population continue to pose significant challenges to ensuring success for all students.

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June 2009 Helping Hands Results 2007-08: Grades 3-8 Paeplow, Colleen

18 View Abstract

In 2007-08, Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) Helping Hands program served 419 students. Helping Hands is a mentoring program that targets Black/African American male students enrolled in grades 3-8 who are academically marginal. Results are based on the 385 students in grades 3-8 with available data. The mission of the Helping Hands program is to provide services to African-American male students to promote personal development and academic achievement. Helping Hands has academic, behavioral, and attendance goals. Overall, findings suggest that Helping Hands did not have a positive impact on academic success as measured by EOG proficiency or growth. However, Helping Hands did appeared to have a positive impact on suspension trends and excessive absences (10 or more days) relative to Black/African American male students.

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June 2009 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2007-08 Speas, Carol

23 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. In 2007-08, four alternate assessments were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. As in previous years, results for WCPSS students were mixed. NCEXTEND2 EOG results remained low (39% or less), and students with significant cognitive disabilities taking NCEXTEND1 assessments achieved 27-49% proficiency. More positively, high school students taking NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments achieved 66-67% proficiency (up from 22-48%), and students taking NCCLAS assessments (chiefly English language learners) achieved 17-60% in reading, 33-80% in mathematics, and 68% in English I (up from 22% and 59% in previous years). These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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May 2009 Comprehensive List of WCPSS Programs 2008-09 Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

90 View Abstract

WCPSS needed a consistent system for creating an inventory of programs to build capacity to evaluate all program efforts. For this inventory, "program" was defined as any planned and sustained educational effort designed to improve learning outcomes or school/classroom conditions. Overall, 29 centrally coordinated and 187 school-based programs were identified. Supports targeting academic achievement were more common than those for behavior or climate. Centrally-coordinated academic interventions at the elementary level impacted a greater number of students in literacy than in mathematics; these counts were more evenly distributed at both the middle and high school level. School-based programs tend to address literacy and mathematics at similar levels.

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May 2009 WCPSS Assessment Item Bank Summary Report May 2009 Callipare, Amy

283 View Abstract

'The Wake County Public Schools' (WCPSS) Assessment Item Bank was surveyed to determine the current number of items and to help in developing future plans for the system. First, the Department of Public Instruction's (DPI) goals and objectives were compared to those listed in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank. The number of items present in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank was determined for each subject area, by grade and objective. The number of items in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank was then compared to the state assessment numbers for each objective. This information was used to help determine the areas of need for future efforts to further expand the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank.

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March 2009 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2007-08 Stevens, Wendy

27 View Abstract

The percentage of mathematics tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores rose slightly in 2007-08 to 78% from 76% in 2006-07. New End-of-Grade standards had a distinct impact on the results for the reading tests. The percentage of WCPSS students in grades 3-8 that scored in Level III or IV on reading tests fell to 66%, but remained ahead of state rates. Disaggregation by race/ethnicity, income level, and disability status showed an increase in learning gaps between the lowest and highest performing student groups in reading, and a decrease in the gaps in mathematics.

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February 2009 ABCs and AYP Results, Wake County Public School System: 2007-08 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

10 View Abstract

The North Carolina ABCs Accountability Model has two components: The performance composite and growth. Using those two components, each school is assigned into a recognition category and designated as having met Expected or High Growth. Under the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) provision, a school meets Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) if all subgroups with 40 or more students reach pre-set targets in reading and mathematics, and if the school shows progress in its graduation or attendance rate. Eighty-six percent of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) schools met Expected or High Growth in 2007-08. Sixty percent of WCPSS schools received the designation of School of Progress. Twenty-eight out of 153 schools (18%) met AYP.

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February 2009 High School Mathematics Course-Taking Patterns of Middle School Algebra I Students Haynie, Glenda

13 View Abstract

This study is a follow-up study to one of effective instructional practices of two Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) middle school Algebra I teachers (Haynie, 2009). In order to study the potential impact of middle school Algebra I teachers on math course taking in high school, the 2003-04 8th grade Algebra I students of the most effective (T1) and least effective(B1) teachers from the aforementioned study were examined further. In high school, 97% of T1's students took Honors Geometry in 9th grade compared to 77% of B1's students. In 12th grade, 62% of T1's students took AP Calculus or higher course compared to 38% of B1's students.

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February 2009 Middle School Algebra I: Effective Instructional Strategies with Comparison to High School Practices Haynie, Glenda
McMillen, Brad

41 View Abstract

This study examined practices of teachers in Wake County Public Schools' (WCPSS) middle school Algebra I classes. Regression analyses of standardized state testing results allowed for identification of the most effective and least effective Algebra I teachers. The study used surveys, observations, and focus group interviews to compare and contrast most effective teachers with less effective teachers. It found that the most effective middle school algebra teachers held a significantly more positive attitude toward their students than did less effective teachers. They had high expectations for all students, used mathematics vocabulary appropriately, had a structured classroom management style, taught bell to bell using an invigorated pace, and had a classroom culture in which students were free to ask questions, contribute, and offer explanations. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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February 2009 North Carolina Virtual Public School in WCPSS Update for Fall 2007, Spring 2008, and Summer 2008 Baenen, Nancy
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

33 View Abstract

North Carolina Virtual Public School (NCVPS) has changed since summer 2007, with more traditional courses and fewer credit-recovery courses. Total NCVPS initial enrollments of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students were much lower in Fall 2007 (139), Spring 2008 (198), and Summer 2008 (430) than in Summer 2007 (1,378). Students were more likely to complete courses after Summer 2007. However, students enrolled in Fall 2007 and Spring 2008 were more likely to drop courses with failure after the deadline than to do so before the cutoff date. Percentages of final enrollments with passing NCVPS course grades increased from 47% in Summer 2007 to 64%, 84%, and 70% in the fall, spring, and summer, respectively. In Summer 2008, pass rates for EOC courses were somewhat lower than for other courses, with relatively low pass rates on EOC tests.

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November 2008 The Relationship Between Blue Diamond and End-of-Grade Mathematics Assessments WCPSS Elementary and Middle Schools, 2007-2008 McMillen, Brad

4 View Abstract

The Relationship Between Blue Diamond and End-of-Grade Mathematics Assessments WCPSS Elementary and Middle Schools, 2007-2008

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October 2008 Middle School Grading: Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) 2006-07 and 2007-08 Paeplow, Colleen

34 View Abstract

This study examined the distribution of middle school reading and mathematics grades in 2006-07 and 2007-08 and the correlation of students' classroom grades and End-of-Grade (EOG) scores in 2006-07. Most students (80% or more) received an A, B, or C in reading and mathematics. Among Level IV students, the percentage with an A in the classroom varied by ethnicity. Mathematics grades had a slightly stronger correlation to the newly revised mathematics EOG scores than did reading grades to the 2006-07 reading EOG scores. Middle school grades of A-F had a weaker correlation to EOG scores than that found for standards-based grading and EOG scores at the elementary school level. Schools varied considerably in terms of the percentage of students receiving an A or B who scored at or above grade level on the EOG.

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October 2008 Wake County Public School System K-5 Assessment Results 2007-08 Districtwide Summary Jackl, Andrew

21 View Abstract

In 2007-08, WCPSS K-5 assessment results were similar to past years. Some changes were implemented in the writing assessment methods. The percentage of students demonstrating proficiency was 85% for book level standards and 72% for reading strands. Mathematics mastery was 69% of students. Writing results for strands was 52%, content rubric was 69%, and conventions rubric was 57%. Differences by subject likely reflect differences in standards for the assessments. NCLB subgroup analyses revealed gaps between ethnic groups and groups with and without risk factors. Between 2006-07 and 2007-08, notable improvements were evident for Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, and Limited English Proficient populations, helping to close the achievement gaps slightly.

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August 2008 Analysis of 2007-08 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

10 View Abstract

Analysis of 2007-08 WCPSS SAT Scores

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June 2008 Standards-Based Grading 2005-06 and 2006-07 Paeplow, Colleen

26 View Abstract

Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) uses a standards-based grading policy at the elementary school level that aligns with North Carolina's Student Accountability Standards and the WCPSS Promotion/Intervention policy. This evaluation examined the distribution of grades given in 2005-06 and 2006-07 and the correlation of students' grades and End-of-Grade (EOG) scores in 2006-07. The study found that over three fourths of students were graded as proficient in reading and mathematics. In reading and mathematics grade K-2 students earned higher grades than their 3-5 counterparts; overall, mathematics grades were lower than reading across the K-5 grade levels. Fourth-quarter reading and mathematics grades were correlated with reading and mathematics' EOG scores. Mathematics grades had a stronger correlation to the newly revised mathematics EOG scores than did fourthquarter reading grades to the current reading EOG scores. Furthermore, a student scoring proficient within the classroom has a greater likelihood of being proficient on their EOG than those with below grade-level scores.

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June 2008 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2006-07 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

24 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. In 2006-07, five alternate assessments - two new and three continuing ones from the previous year - were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. Four options were used by WCPSS students, and results were mixed. While students with significant cognitive disabilities in grades 3-8 taking the new NCEXTEND1 assessments achieved 63-89% proficiency, only 22-48% of high school students taking the new NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments achieved proficiency. In the second year of implementation, NCEXTEND2 EOG assessment results remained low (31% or less), while students (chiefly English language learners) taking NCCLAS assessments achieved 63-88% proficiency, up from 10-65% in the previous year. These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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April 2008 Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID): WCPSS Program Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

57 View Abstract

This evaluation examined the implementation and effectiveness of the AVID program in middle schools throughout the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Survey results and school visits revealed considerable inconsistencies in implementation across schools. Specifically, selection criteria were not consistently understood and applied, all staff members implementing the program were not able to attend AVID training, and some schools emphasized enrollment in Algebra I in eighth grade more than others as a desired outcome of AVID participation. Attrition from the program was high, with 38% of those enrolled in grade 6 in 2005-06 continuing with the program through grade 8 in 2007-08. The stated goal of having all AVID students enroll in Algebra I by grade 8 was not met, although a higher percentage of AVID students in grade 8 enrolled in Algebra I than was true system wide (50% vs. 28%).

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April 2008 WCPSS High School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 Baenen, Nancy

108 View Abstract

Many indicators of performance, persistence, and academic rigor for WCPSS high school students point toward the relative success of WCPSS high school students. Student achievement remains high compared to state and national results, and an increasing number of students are pursuing rigorous AP coursework in high school. The skills and abilities that WCPSS graduates obtain appear to serve them well in the University of North Carolina (UNC) system, which is the most common educational destination for WCPSS graduates. However, changing student populations and rising academic standards are challenging the system's ability to sustain and increase academic performance for all students. Gaps in achievement have increased, with higher percentages of minority students and students with academic risk factors at risk of not graduating on time, compared to other groups.

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April 2008 WCPSS Middle School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 McMillen, Brad

81 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for middle school students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades 6-8 continue to do well on most achievement measures, but there are significant gaps in outcomes between different student subgroups, including ethnic groups, program groups, and also between male and female students. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report also describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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April 2008 Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) Elementary School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 Holdzkom, David

92 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for elementary students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades K-5 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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March 2008 Effective Teaching Practices in U.S. History Haynie, Glenda
Stephani, Melinda

30 View Abstract

This study analyzed the instructional practices of more versus less effective U.S. History teachers identified by a multiple regression model. Using surveys, observations, and focus-group interviews, the study found that the most effective teachers had a more complete package of rigor, relevance, and relationship strategies than less effective teachers. Effective teachers had strong content knowledge, prepared their own materials, taught reading and note-taking skills, used time wisely, and connected history to themes across time. Relationships with students were of utmost importance to effective teachers. They gave frequent positive feedback and believed that all students could succeed. Effective teachers created an atmosphere of mutual respect, in which both teachers and students were enthusiastic. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts in a number of ways.

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February 2008 Helping Improve Achievement for Students with Multiple Academic Risk Factors Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

See abstracts document

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February 2008 Improving Student Success in High School Algebra I by Identifying Successful Teachers and Schools Haynie, Glenda
Kellogg, Athena

30 View Abstract

This study examined practices of teachers in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) high school Algebra I classes. Regression analyses of standardized state testing results allowed for identification of the most effective and least effective Algebra I teachers and schools. The study used surveys, observations, and focus group interviews to compare and contrast most effective teachers with less effective teachers It found that the most effective algebra teachers averaged 68% of their time on new material daily; averaged seven transitions in ninety minutes; used sustaining feedback; had structured classes with a culture of mutual respect; told their students what to expect on tests and cautioned them about possible errors; emphasized problem solving and processes; and exhibited a sense of humor. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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January 2008 Facts for Families No.1 What Research Suggests to Help Your Student Achieve Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

See abstracts document

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January 2008 Research on Poverty and School Achievement: An Annotated Bibliography Holdzkom, David

6 View Abstract

Research on Poverty and School Achievement: An Annotated Bibliography

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November 2007 Analysis of Achievement Data Boykin, Anne-Sylvie
Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

Analysis of Achievement Data

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August 2007 WCPSS Students with Multiple Academic Risks: Achievement Patterns and School Experiences Baenen, Nancy
Ives, Sarah
Paeplow, Colleen
Reichstetter, Rosemary

112 View Abstract

This study focused on effective practices for students with multiple academic risk factors (students with disabilities, students eligible for free or reduced price lunch, and/or students with limited English proficiency). Achievement performance patterns over several years differ between students making stronger and weaker achievement growth on End-of-Grade tests. Sixteen case studies of 5th and 8th graders revealed that students with positive achievement patterns were more likely to show signs of resilience in their personal characteristics, school experiences, and/or home support than were students with negative achievement patterns. Teachers of both groups used some methods recommended in national research (such as small-group work, structure, and collaboration). A specific focus on language development was not mentioned. Homework was a common problem.

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June 2007 Effective Practices for Elementary School Students with Multiple Needs Baenen, Nancy

4 View Abstract

Document summarizes a larger study about elementary school-level practices that can make a difference in promoting the achievement growth of multiple-risk students: high expectations, positive attitudes about being able to meet students' needs with the resources available, supportive administrative leadership that allocates resources effectively, professional training, formal and information collaboration to help students, and more frequent use of teacher-led instruction.

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June 2007 Effective Practices for Middle School Students with Multiple Needs Baenen, Nancy

4 View Abstract

School-level practices can make a difference in promoting the achievement growth of multiple-risk students. At the middle school level, effective school staffs were more likely to; focus more on how to address student needs and less on barriers to addressing needs; have more informal administrator visits in classrooms; have more positive attitudes and training in working with at-risk groups, and more frequently use resources such as assessment data, extra adults in classrooms, technology, and instructional pacing guides.

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June 2007 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2005-06 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

19 View Abstract

The NC Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. Four alternate assessments--two new and two continuing ones--were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. Results were mixed for the new NC Checklist of Academic Standards (option chiefly for English language learners new in U.S. schools): proficiency rates in language assessments were below 30%, while proficiency rates in mathematics, in some grades, were higher than those of LEP students taking standard EOG tests. Results for the other new option, NCEXTEND2 (for students without significant cognitive disabilities but with disabilities that preclude their attaining gradelevel proficiency within a single school year), were less than 30% at each grade in reading and mathematics. These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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May 2007 Student Survey Results: 2005-06 Huebeler, Amy

20 View Abstract

In May 2006, a student survey was distributed to each 4th-, 7th-, and 10th-grade student in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). The survey asked a variety of questions in order to measure students' overall feelings about their school. Most students at each grade level (90% of 4th-grade students, 78% of 7th-grade students, and 72% of 10th-grade students) participated in the survey. In general, 4th-grade students responded more favorably to the survey questions than students in 7th and 10th grades. The results are most meaningful when summarized within each grade level or when compared across grade levels.

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March 2007 WCPSS Elementary School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

99 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for elementary students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades K-5 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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March 2007 WCPSS High School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Holdzkom, David
McMillen, Brad

93 View Abstract

Looking across various indicators of performance, persistence, and academic rigor for WCPSS high school students, many indicators point toward the relative success of WCPSS high school students. Student achievement remains high compared to state and national results, and an increasing number of students are pursuing rigorous AP coursework in high school. In addition, the skills and abilities that WCPSS graduates obtain appear to serve them well in the UNC system, which is the most common post-high school educational destination for WCPSS graduates. However, significant challenges remain related to changing student populations and rising academic standards which are challenging the system's ability to sustain and increase academic performance for all students.

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March 2007 WCPSS Middle School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

84 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for middle school students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades 6-8 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Results for the new test of computer skills are also a concern. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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November 2006 WAKE COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM K-5 Rhea, Anisa

32 View Abstract

Moderate to high percentages of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students demonstrated grade-level performance on most K-5 assessment measures in 2005-06. Second grade students' writing performance was considerably lower on their unassisted writing samples with only 26.6% meeting the stage-of-writing standard. Overall performance on literacy assessments remained relatively constant compared to previous years' results, whereas slight declines were apparent in mathematics mastery levels. The most striking improvement was found among reading book-level proficiency rates in which kindergarten students experienced a ten-percentage point increase. K-5 assessment results reveal reading and mathematics achievement gaps between subgroups. Hispanic/Latino students, free or reducedprice lunch (FRL) students, students with disabilities (SWD), and limited English proficiency (LEP) students had the lowest performance rates. These student subgroups did experience gains in reading book-level proficiency between 2004-05 and 2005-06; however, their mathematics proficiency decreased slightly, with the exception of LEP students. Readers should be aware that in 2005-06, the rate of missing K-5 assessment data was higher than in 2004-05.

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October 2006 Effective Practices for At-Risk Elementary and Middle School Students Baenen, Nancy
Gilewicz, Ed
Ives, Sarah
Lynn, Amy
Warren, Tom
Yaman, Kimberly

72 View Abstract

The students who have the most difficulty reaching accountability standards in Wake County Public Schools are those with more than one of the following characteristics: recipients of free or reduced-price lunch, students with disabilities, and/or students with limited English proficiency. The Evaluation and Research Department identified elementary and middle schools that differed in their effectiveness in promoting achievement growth for these students. Quantitative and qualitative analyses suggest differences in both attitudes and practices. The more effective schools had higher expectations for these students, and greater confidence in their ability to meet students' needs. Evidence suggested more effective administrative leadership/support, training, and utilization of resources. Higher-growth middle schools utilized assessments to inform instruction more frequently, and higher-growth elementary schools had more structured collaboration around student needs. Further research is planned.

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October 2006 Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services at Hodge Road Elementary 2005-06 Paeplow, Colleen

16 View Abstract

In 2005-06, four private agencies provided 252 Hodge Road students with supplemental educational services as one component of the federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Only students receiving free or reduced-price lunch (FRL) were eligible. More than half of those served scored at or above grade level before service, while some students who scored below grade level were not eligible. The curricular materials used were remedial and not designed to extend the learning of students scoring at grade level. At grades 1-2, the percentage of students reaching grade level in literacy increased for those served; this was not the case for not-served students. Both served and not served students improved End-of-Grade (EOG) reading performance at grades 3-5. Students who had multiple risk factors (limited English proficient [LEP] or students with disabilities [SWD] in addition to FRL) showed the greatest increases in the percentage of students at grade level. A major caution when interpreting the results is that analyses could not control for other intervention efforts that may have contributed to results found.

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October 2006 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results 2005-06 School Year McMillen, Brad

5 View Abstract

WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results 2005-06 School Year

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September 2006 SAT Scores: 2005-06 Gilleland, Kevin

8 View Abstract

SAT Scores: 2005-06

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July 2006 High School Redesign 2004-05 Reichstetter, Rosemary

51 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) strengthened the rigor, relevance, and relationships within its high schools in 2004-05; a primary strategy was the adoption on a block schedule. This progress report found an increase in more rigorous academic opportunities. Higher numbers of enrollees engaged in advanced courses and generally stable or higher academic success was achieved with End-of-Course exams, grade point averages, and credits earned. Greater relevance in coursework was evident and a wider variety of instructional practices. Staff promoted stronger student-staff relationships by emphasizing personalization. The majority of students and teachers reported fewer discipline concerns in classes, and students felt connected with their schools. Dropout and suspension rates did not decline.

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May 2006 Fragile Futures: Risk and Vulnerability Among Latino High Achievers, a Policy Information Report by ETS, December 2005 Speas, Carol

2 View Abstract

Fragile Futures: Risk and Vulnerability Among Latino High Achievers, a Policy Information Report by ETS, December 2005

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April 2006 Effective Biology Teaching: A Value-Added Instructional Improvement Analysis Model Haynie, Glenda

17 View Abstract

This research study developed a value-added instructional improvement analysis model. North Carolina state testing results were used in regression and residual analyses of student achievement. This analysis allowed for identification of the "most effective" and "least effective" biology teachers in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). The study found that the "most effective" biology teachers were focused on the delivery of biology instruction; resisted distractions from their classroom efforts; maximized student use of class time; studied and planned with other teachers using the North Carolina Biology Standard Course of Study; focused all student time on the Standard Course of Study goals; carefully planned teacher controlled student activities; and used data to guide their instructional practice.

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March 2006 Parent Survey Results 2005-06 Huebeler, Amy
McMillen, Brad

21 View Abstract

In December 2005 and January 2006, a parent survey was sent home with each student in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). The survey asked parents a variety of questions in order to measure their satisfaction with their child's school. The 2005-06 survey results indicate that a high percentage of parents are satisfied with their child's school. Responses to each question were either similar to or more positive than the 2003-04 parent survey results. Parents of elementary school students responded more favorably than all of WCPSS combined. Although the response rate of 35% was lower than in previous years, the results are largely consistent with past parent survey data. However, due to low response rates at some schools, the survey results should be generalized with caution.

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February 2006 Project Achieve Evaluation: Year Four, 2004-05 Baenen, Nancy
Carpenter, Megan
Dudley, Kristy

35 View Abstract

Project Achieve, a local instructional initiative used by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), was adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The program grew from eight to 19 WCPSS schools over four years, and all 16 continuing schools had a higher percentage of students at or above grade level in spring 2005 than prior to the program. Fourth-year results were relatively positive. Nine of 19 (47%) participating schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard (including two of the new schools), compared to 40% of other WCPSS elementary and middle schools. Eleven of 19 schools (58%) -- compared to 35% of other WCPSS elementary and middle schools -- increased the percentage of students at or above grade level between spring of 2004 and spring 2005.

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December 2005 Advanced Placement (AP) Course-Taking, Exam Participation, and Exam Results, 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck
McMillen, Brad

28 View Abstract

The first section of this bulletin summarizes Advanced Placement (AP) course participation and AP exam data for the Wake County Public School System for the 2004-05 school year. Overall, the percentage of high school students who took at least one AP course increased from 14.1% in 2003-04 to 15.7% in 2004-05. About 59% of students who took an AP course took the corresponding AP exam for that course, and about 78% of those exam scores were 3 or higher, which is the College Board's threshold for mastery. The second section reports on a more in-depth study of AP results for students from the 2003-04 school year that looks at the relationship between 8th-grade achievement and success in AP courses.

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December 2005 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2004-05 McMillen, Brad

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The percentage of reading and mathematics tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores fell slightly in 2004-05 to 90.8% from 91.1% in 2003-04. The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV was slightly higher in mathematics (91.4%) than in reading (90.4%). The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV in reading showed slight increases at all grade levels except grade 4, while percentages in mathematics rose slightly in grades 6 and 7 and fell in grades 3, 4, and 5. Female students out performed male students in both subjects. Disaggregation by race/ethnicity, income level, and disability status showed either no change or a small increase in the percentage of reading scores at Level III or IV and no change or a small decline in mathematics for most groups.

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December 2005 SAT Results: 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck
McMillen, Brad

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This report summarizes national, state, and county SAT data for Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) graduating seniors who took the test any time during their high school years through March 2005. The statistics presented are primarily based on reports provided by the College Board and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. The average total SAT score for WCPSS graduating seniors in 2004-05 was 1075, up from 1063 in 2003-04. The average score on the verbal subtest increased from 524 to 527, while the average score on the mathematics subtest increased from 539 to 548. The participation rate for WCPSS graduating seniors dipped slightly for the second consecutive year, from 77% in 2003-04 to 75% in 2004-05. Both the WCPSS total SAT score and participation rate, however, remain higher than the corresponding state and national figures.

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December 2005 WCPSS Outcomes Summary for 2004-05, With an Emphasis on Achievement Gap Status Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) saw improved achievement between the late 1990s and 2003, both in overall trends and results disaggregated by subgroup. Achievement gaps began to close. The percentage of students scoring at grade level is now quite high. In the past three years, the percentage of lower income, minority, and limited-English-proficient students has increased, and the percentage of students at grade level has changed very little. Dropout and graduation rates show some closing of gaps between Black and White students, but not between Hispanic/Latino and White students. Identifying ways to further close achievement gaps and improve other student outcomes is challenging, especially in light of additional graduation requirements which will be added for students entering 9th grade in the 2006-07 school year.

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October 2005 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) met 66 out of 73 (90.4%) measurabledistrict targets in the third year of federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) accountability standards. The 2004-05 school year was the first year that the Annual Measurable Objectivesincreased. In grades 3-8, the objectives were 76.7% proficiency in reading, up from 68.9%, and 81.0% in math, up from 74.6%. In 10th grade, the Annual Measurable Objectives were given new starting points based on past student performance on English I, 10th-grade Writing, and Algebra I tests, which were approved as the high school primary tests. In spite of the new and increased targets, 63% of all WCPSS schools made AYP in 2004-05 (83 out of 132). Twenty-seven schools missed only one or two targets. Students with disabilities and recipients of free or reduced-price meals (economically disadvantaged) were the two subgroups that most often failed to meet AYP targets.

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October 2005 Wake County Public School System K-5 Assessment Results: 2004-05 Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

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Most Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students showed grade-level proficiency on measures included in the K-5 literacy and mathematics assessment results for 2004-05. More than 70% of students met print concepts and reading book-level guidelines and achieved proficient writing rubric scores and mathematics strands. However, the percentages of students performing at or above grade level were considerably lower on expository (58%) and narrative (60%) assessments. Students tended to score one to two levels higher on End-of- Grade (EOG) assessments than on K-5 assessments (except Level IV). K-5 assessment results also reveal that achievement gaps exist between subgroups as early as the K-2 level.

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August 2005 ABC Outcomes for WCPSS for 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck

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ABC Outcomes for WCPSS for 2004-05

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May 2005 A Study of Student Mobility: Wake County Public School System 2002-03 Haynie, Glenda

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Eighty-seven percent of all Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students instructed during 2002-03 were continuously enrolled (CE) in one school from the first week of the school year until the last day of school. Across grade levels CE percentages steadily increased from only 82% in kindergarten to 94% in grade 12, except for a dip to 83% in ninth grade that was primarily due to dropouts. A majority of the students who were not continuously enrolled from the first week (MOBILE) were African-American/Black or Hispanic/Latino, and students in the MOBILE group were much more likely to come from low-income families than were students in the CE group. Passing rates and average scale scores on 5th, 8th, and 10th grade End-of-Grade (EOG) tests were lower for the MOBILE group than for the CE group in almost every comparison, even when controlling for ethnicity and family income differences.

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May 2005 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results: 2003-04 McMillen, Brad

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This report summarizes national, state, and county SAT data for Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) graduating seniors who took the test any time during their high school years through March 2004. The statistics presented are primarily based on reports provided by the College Board and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. The average total SAT score for WCPSS graduating seniors in 2003-04 was 1063, down from 1067 in 2002-03. The average score on the verbal subtest stayed at 524, while the average score on the mathematics subtest dropped from 543 to 539. The participation rate for WCPSS graduating seniors also dipped slightly from 80% in 2002-03 to 77% in 2003-04. Both the WCPSS total SAT score and participation rate, however, remain higher than the corresponding state and national figures.

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May 2005 Student Outcomes After Reassignment for School Socioeconomic Diversity: Year Two Follow-Up Baenen, Nancy

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This study examined whether reassignment, specifically when used to maintain socioeconomic diversity in WCPSS elementary schools, affects the academic outcomes of students over a two-year period. Results indicate that (1) only a small number of students in the year studied were reassigned only for diversity (with more reassigned for growth or other reasons). (2) Three-fourths of the students slated for reassignment did not attend the schools to which they had been assigned, instead choosing other options available to WCPSS students, such as magnet schools and special programs; and (3) reassigned students who did attend the schools to which they had been reassigned attained reasonable achievement in the two years following reassignment. Achievement results were mixed, with no clear advantage for either group. Only 37 students remained in their reassigned school by the end of year 2, so small sample sizes limit the generalizability of the results.

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May 2005 The Impact of Mobility on Academic Achievement: A Review of the Literature Kaase, Kristopher

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The Impact of Mobility on Academic Achievement: A Review of the Literature

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March 2005 East Wake High School Evening Program Reichstetter, Rosemary

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The East Wake High School Evening Program study focused on whether the program was meeting its original intent and was cost/beneficial. The focus changed from serving only dropouts or students likely to drop out or not graduate who participated in the extended day program to serving any student needing course grade recovery. Most attempted courses were completed with credits earned, and grade promotions of enrollees increased. However, some classes were small, which increased the cost per student. Few dropouts enrolled in 2003-04, and overall enrollment was lower than previously.

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February 2005 Block Scheduling Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Reichstetter, Rosemary

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In 2003-04, 11 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools moved from a traditional student schedule of six full-year courses to a block schedule of four courses each semester (4x4). Implementation went fairly smoothly, with 90% of teachers trained prior to the change. Academic course opportunities and course enrollment numbers increased substantially (by 24% and 46% respectively) compared to 2002-03, key desired outcomes. Academic success was marked by increases in credits earned, grade promotion rates, and twelfth grade graduation rates as desired. Maintenance of prior status was desired for other outcomes this first year. End-of-course performance and grade point averages of 3.0 or higher actually increased slightly, while Advanced Placement (AP) scores of 3 and greater decreased slightly. Student attendance and suspension rates remained the same. Generally, most of those surveyed and interviewed expressed satisfaction with the change. Exploring modified schedule options for some courses as well as continued professional development are recommended.

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December 2004 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda

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Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2003-04

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November 2004 Advanced Placement Exam Results, 2002-03 Regan, Roger

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Students at 15 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools took 5,468 Advanced Placement (AP) exams offered by the College Board in 2002-03. The percentage of all juniors and seniors in the district who took at least one AP exam rose from 19.7% in 2001-02 to 20.4% in 2002-03. However, the percentage of exams earning a score of 3 or higher (the score typically needed to qualify for college course credit) decreased by 1.1 percentage points to 79.4% in 2002-03. WCPSS' overall success rate was substantially higher than that of North Carolina (58.0%), the U.S. South (56.7%), and the nation as a whole (61.5%). As in previous years, disparities in participation and performance by high school, gender, and race were observed.

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November 2004 Project Achieve Evaluation: Year Three, 2003-04 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

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Project Achieve, a local instructional initiative, was adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The program grew from eight to 16 schools in three years, and all 16 schools had a higher percentage of students at grade level in spring 2004 than prior to the program. Third-year results were relatively positive but not as consistently so as in the two earlier years. Nine of 13 (69%) participating elementary schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard (including the new schools), compared to 51% of Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) elementary schools overall. Thirteen of 16 schools (81%)--compared to 69% of all WCPSS elementary and middle schools--increased the percentage of students at/above grade level in spring 2004. Controlling for student background variables, scale score gains for students in Project Achieve were similar to those of comparable WCPSS students across three years.

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October 2004 Annual Performance Report 2003-2004 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

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The Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Performance Report Year 3 (2003-2004) was implemented from September 1, 2003, through August 31, 2004 in the WCPSS. Staff members implemented activities this U.S. Department of Education grant project. They built upon the foundation established in Years 1 and 2 and endeavored to fully accomplish the scope and objectives of the project by the end of Year 3. They sought to reach all performance benchmarks established for Year 3 as well as to make up for any benchmarks not fully achieved in Years 1 and 2. When senior members of the project staff realized that not every objective would be fully completed by the end of Year 3, they requested and received a no-cost extension from the MSAP office for an additional project year (September 1, 2004-August 31, 2005). Schools participating in the project and their magnet themes are: Brooks Elementary School - Museums, Joyner Elementary School - Language Explorations, Millbrook Elementary School - International Baccalaureate, Powell Elementary School - Visual and Performing Arts, and Moore Square Middle School - Museums. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving the objectives. The four MSAP purposes are listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments or deficits in meeting the Year 3 benchmarks for each purpose.

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October 2004 WCPSS Outcomes Summary for 2003-04, With an Emphasis on Achievement Gap Status Baenen, Nancy
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has seen positive changes in patterns of achievement and dropout rates over the past several years overall and by subgroup. The most positive one-year subgroup changes related to dropout rates for Black students and Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for minority, low-income, and limited English proficient (LEP) students. However, many achievement gaps remain, and the system continues to work towards optimal achievement for all students and closing achievement gaps.

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September 2004 Results on Advanced Placement Tests given during the 2003-04 School Year Dulaney, Chuck

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Results on Advanced Placement Tests given during the 2003-04 School Year

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September 2004 WCPSS Graduates as UNC Freshmen: College Admissions and Performance Trends Compilation of 1990-2003 Banks, Karen
Robinson, Temple

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This report uses data published by the University of North Carolina (UNC) Office of General Administration to measure how well Wake County Public School System (WPCSS ) high school graduates compare to North Carolina public high school (NCPHS) graduates in the college admissions process. It also examines how well WCPSS high school graduates compare to the UNC freshmen class in advanced, non-remedial, and remedial college courses. Based on those parameters, from Fall 1990 to Fall 2002, WCPSS graduates had more success than NCPHS graduates overall in the college admissions process. Furthermore, WCPSS graduates had more successful academic years in comparison to all UNC freshmen. Therefore, the data suggest that WCPSS graduates are more prepared for the college admissions process and collegiate courses than their peers.

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August 2004 North Carolina ABC Results: 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck

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North Carolina's 2003-04 ABCs accountability results showed that, for the first time, more than half (64) of the Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) schools were designated as Honor School of Excellence or School of Excellence and another 35 were designated as School of Distinction. The 79% of WCPSS schools receiving one of these designations was much higher than the 56% of schools statewide. High Growth was achieved by 46% of WCPSS schools compared to 35% of schools statewide. This was a decline for both the district and the state from 2003 when the percentages were 75% and 72% respectively. Expected Growth was achieved by 38% of WCPSS schools and 40% of schools statewide. Districtwide, the Performance Composite rose to 92.1% for grades 3-5, 88.9% for grades 6-8, and 82.8% for grades 9-12.

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June 2004 Reassignment, School Diversity, and Student Outcomes Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Febbo-Hunt, Maria
Lindblad, Mark

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The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether reassignment, when used to promote appropriate diversity in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), affects academic outcomes. One major finding highlights that most of the students reassigned for diversity purposes in spring of 2002 did not attend the designated schools in 2002-03. Based on the small sample of students who did attend the designated schools, achievement trends favored the reassigned students, but the sample size was too small for the differences to be statistically significant. Measures included student achievement, retention in grade, and participation in special education services. Both the sending and receiving schools' perceptions of the transition were positive. Given the small sample sizes, generalizations from these findings should be avoided.

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May 2004 21st Century Grant Summer Program Evaluation: 2003 Baenen, Nancy
Paeplow, Colleen

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The 2003 21st Century Grant summer program served 370 students at five elementary school sites--Carver, Hodge Road, Knightdale, Lockhart, and Zebulon. Grade levels served and program dates varied by location. The summer program provided reading intervention to students identified as in need of academic assistance. Seventy-one percent of summer program participants were free or reduced-price lunch recipients (FRL), 34% were classified as limited English proficient (LEP), 41% were Black/African American, and 39% were Hispanic/Latino students. These subgroups were over-represented relative to their percentages within the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) population. Approximately 42% of the summer program participants entered the program with below grade level scores. Academic outcomes are not yet available for analysis.

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April 2004 From Complacency to Excellence Through School District Reform: A Case Study of the WCPSS Banks, Karen

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WCPSS has made some notable positive changes in achievement, graduation, and other outcomes over the last few years. This document summarizes trends over time in outcomes and district efforts which likely contributed.

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April 2004 Project Achieve: Adapting the Brazosport Model to a Large LEA Baenen, Nancy
Speas, Carol

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Project Achieve is a major Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) instructional initiative to improve student achievement adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The number of schools involved increased from 8 to 13 in 2002-03. Results were positive. All Project Achieve elementary and middle schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard both years (up from five in spring 2001), and nearly all schools increased the percent of students at or above grade level in their first year. In Year 2, compared to other WCPSS students, participation in Project Achieve was generally associated with significantly higher gains in mathematics and similar gains in reading (when background characteristics were controlled through regression analyses). Staff members also expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in their schools than in the past.

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January 2004 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Grades 3-8: Evaluation 2002-03 Baenen, Nancy

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The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) began in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 1999-2000 as an out-of-school time intervention to support students scoring below grade level. Since then, flexibility in use of these funds has increased, along with the percentage of schools using the funds to support low achievers during the school day. In 2002-03, over 70% of traditional calendar schools reported providing at least a portion of their ALP services during the school day, followed by after-school sessions (about 40%), and Saturday sessions (20%). At year-round schools, intersession continues to be the most common time for ALP at the elementary (82%). However, year-round middle schools provided ALP most commonly during the school day (83%), with only 34% using intersessions. Changes in use of ALP funds have made it increasingly difficult to clearly identify which students these funds supported. Although all schools reported that students who scored below grade level were supported through ALP, data on individual students suggests that the percentage of these students in ALP declined from 59% in 2001-02 to 35% in 2002-03. The lower participation rates are partially due to under-reporting, but clearer accountability for serving students is needed.

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January 2004 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results for 2003-04 Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

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The percentage of reading and math tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores fell slightly in 2004 to 91.1% from 91.3% in 2003. However, the percentage of students scoring in Level IV remained stable at 60.4%. The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV was slightly higher in Math (92.1%) than in Reading (90.0%). Average reading scale scores showed slight declines at all grade levels except grade 5, while average math scale scores rose slightly in grades 4, 5, 6, and 7 and fell slightly in grades 3 and 8. Disaggregation of scores by race/ethnicity showed a small decline (down about two percentage points) in the percentage of Hispanic scores on grade level in both reading and math, a small rise (less than one point) for Asian and Black students in both reading and math, and mixed results for White and Multi-ethnic groups. Students from low-income families and students with disabilities showed small improvements in both reading and math.

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January 2004 Project Achieve Evaluation: Year Two, 2002-03 Speas, Carol

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Project Achieve is a major Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) instructional initiative to improve student achievement adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The number of schools involved increased from 8 to 13 in 2002-03. Results were generally positive. All Project Achieve elementary and middle schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard in spring 2003 (up from five in spring 2001), and 10 of 13 schools increased the percent of students at or above grade level. Compared to other WCPSS students, participation in Project Achieve was generally associated with significantly higher gains in mathematics and similar gains in reading (when background characteristics were controlled through regression analyses). Staff members also expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in their schools than in the past.

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December 2003 A Study of the 1995 WCPSS 9TH - Grade Students with Disabilities Cohort Haynie, Glenda

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In a study of 5,226 first-time 1995 9th-grade students, 12% of the students were students with disabilities (SWD). Academic performance indicators for the SWD group were far below the overall cohort indicators. Difficulties for students with disabilities could be observed beginning in ninth grade. The average GPA of SWD students at the end of ninth grade was 1.79(a D+ average) compared to an average GPA of 2.58 (a C+ average) for the overall cohort. Just 57% of the SWD cohort graduated (defined as completion of 12th grade with a diploma or certificate) compared to 77% of the overall cohort. Of the graduating SWD students, only 36% took the SAT with an average total score of 949, while 76% of the overall cohort took the SAT with an average total score of 1065. Black SWD students were less likely to graduate than White SWD students (45% compared to 66%). Behaviorally/Emotionally Disabled (BED) Black female students were least likely to graduate (13%). The 43% of SWD students who dropped out had a ninth grade average GPA of 0.82 (below a D average).

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November 2003 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Paeplow, Colleen

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In the first year of implementation of the federal No Child Left Behind legislation in North Carolina, 51 of the 79 elementary schools, one of the 25 middle schools, and one of the 16 high schools in Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) met the requirements of Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). Of the 48 Title I schools (all elementary) in WCPSS, 29 met AYP and 19 failed to meet AYP requirements. The number of reading and math AYP targets applicable to WCPSS schools ranged from eight to 32. Seven of the eight schools with 13 or fewer targets met the AYP requirements. All eleven schools with more than 25 targets failed to meet the AYP requirements. The two subgroups that most frequently failed to meet AYP were SWD (students with disabilities) and FRL (free or reduced-price lunch) students.

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November 2003 Wake County Public School System Outcomes Summary for the 2002-03 School Year Baenen, Nancy
Dulaney, Chuck

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Overall, the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has seen positive changes in patterns of achievement and dropout rates over the last several years. However, the system continues to work towards optimal achievement for all students, closing achievement gaps, and improving Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) results. Each of the sections that follow cites key findings from reports produced by the Evaluation and Research Department (E&R) during the 2002-03 school year or from reports currently in progress that will analyze student outcomes from 2002-03. Subsequent pages contain figures illustrating some of the key findings.

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October 2003 North Carolina ABC Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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The percentage of WCPSS schools meeting either high growth or expected growth standards reached a new high of 97% in 2002-03. Elementary schools performed the best, with 89% achieving high growth. No elementary or high school failed to meet expected growth standards.

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October 2003 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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The average total SAT score for Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) seniors in 2002-03 was 1067 (out of a possible 1600 points), matching last year's highest-ever district score. Average scores on both the math section (543) and the verbal section (524) remained the same as scores in 2001-02.

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October 2003 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant Final Report 1999-2003 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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The Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant (SS/HS) was a three-year grant sponsored by a collaboration between the federal Departments of Health and Human Services, Juvenile Justice, and Education. The SS/HS Grant improved collaboration and communication across community agencies. During the grant period perceptions of safety improved among WCPSS students and staff, and juvenile arrests for violence and substance abuse decreased. However, school crime and violence rates, suspensions, and security violations did not decrease as hoped. Many SS/HS funded programs showed promising results, especially Teen Court (increased participation and decreased suspensions for participants) and NovaNET (80% of courses students attempted were completed successfully). Overall, SS/HS provided resources for community change, and new ideas for addressing school safety in the future.

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September 2003 2002-03 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

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End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2002-03 showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Average scale scores rose in six out of ten subject areas, and the percentage of students scoring in the proficient range (Level III or Level IV) reached new highs in five out of ten subjects.

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July 2003 Annual Performance Report 2002-2003 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

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Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Performance Report Year 2 (2002-03) From September 1, 2002, through June 30, 2003, the staff members of the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) 2001-04 Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) grant have successfully built upon the foundation they established in Year 1. This year they have endeavored to make up for any objectives not fully achieved in Year 1 and to attain all of their Year 2 objectives. Schools participating in the project and their magnet themes are: Brooks Elementary School - Museums, Joyner Elementary School - Language Explorations, Millbrook Elementary School - International Baccalaureate, Powell Elementary School - Visual and Performing Arts, and Moore Square Middle School - Museums. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving the objectives. The four MSAP purposes are listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments or deficits in meeting the Year 2 benchmarks for each purpose.

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July 2003 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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For the first time in the WCPSS history, the percentage of all EOG exam scores at or above grade level (Level III or IV) surpassed 90% in 2003. The composite percentage, which includes reading and math scores for all grade 3-8 students, rose from 89.4% in 2002 to 91.3% this year.

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July 2003 Has ALP Helped Low-Achieving Students? Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

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To help accomplish Goal 2003, WCPSS allocated money in 1999 for supplemental instructional support through the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). Analyses of the program's 2001-02 results suggest that ALP was effective in promoting both achievement growth and performance at grades 3-8. ALP students showed high growth based on ABCs standards, and more than half were able to move from below to above grade level between spring 2001 and spring 2002 (compared to 38% in reading and 41% in math before ALP began).

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June 2003 Promotion/Retention of Students In Grades K-8: 2001-02 Paeplow, Colleen

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At the end of the 2001-02 school year, 90.5% percent of students in grades K-8 were promoted, 3.6% were retained, and 5.9% withdrew from Wake County Public Schools. Of the 48,874 students in grades 3-8, 95% took at least one End-of-Grade (EOG) test. The retention rate was higher among students in grades 3-8 who did not take EOG tests (6.1%) than for students who took EOG tests (2.4%). The rate of retention for male students was consistently higher than that of female students. Students receiving free or reduced lunch, students with Limited English Proficiency status, and students with Special Education status had lower promotion rates and higher retention rates than their counterparts. Kindergarten (8%) and 1st-grade (7%) students had the highest rate of retention. One percent of White students were retained compared to 5% of Black and Hispanic/Latino students.

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May 2003 High School Support to Meet Graduation Requirements 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy

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Overall, 2,422 high school students who were at risk of not graduating received some instructional assistance in 2001-02. However, the number of students who might struggle with one or more graduation requirements was high (7,810), and many were not identified as receiving instructional support beyond their regular classes. Compared to state ABC standards, those who received support showed high growth between spring 2001 and 2002. A two-year follow-up of students who had not passed the Minimum Competency requirement in spring 2000 reveals close to 60% of those still in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) were able to meet this requirement by spring 2002. However, the percentage able to attain grade level scores between spring 2001 and 2002 was similar (23-28%) regardless of whether they received instructional assistance.

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May 2003 Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant Year 4 Mid-Year Performance Report Project Status October 1, 2002 - April 30, 2003 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) is currently in the extension year, or Year 4, of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students grant. This report outlines the activities continued in the extension year, and a status report on each activity for the first part of Year 4.

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April 2003 Advanced Placement Exam Results 2001-2002 Regan, Roger

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Students at 15 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools took approximately 4,878 Advanced Placement exams offered by the College Board in 2001-02. With 20% of all juniors and seniors in the district taking at least one AP exam, the percent attaining a score of 3 or higher on a 5-point scale (the score typically needed to qualify for college course credit) reached a 10-year high of 80.5%, up 3.3 percentage points from the previous year. WCPSS' overall success rate was higher than that of comparable large school districts, and 17 percentage points higher than the rate for the nation as a whole. On the five most frequently taken AP exams, the percent of scores that were 3 or higher rose an average of 8.6 points.

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March 2003 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP): Grade 3-8 Evaluation 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy
Lindblad, Mark
Yaman, Kimberly

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WCPSS initiated the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) in 1999-2000 as the major new intervention to help all students reach grade-level performance in reading and math. Analyses of the program's third year results show that overall, changes in both achievement growth and performance support the effectiveness of ALP and other assistance at grades 3-8.

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February 2003 Class-Size Reduction Program 2001-02 Speas, Carol

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In 2001-02, 23 schools were provided with 40 teacher positions through the Class Size Reduction (CSR) Program. Achievement results for students in reduced class sizes were compared to those of similar students in other CSR schools who did not choose the same grade for the project (keeping school and student demographics similar). At grades 1 and 2, WCPSS K-2 Literacy and Mathematics Assessments were compared pre (spring 2001) and post (spring 2002). These analyses yielded mixed results: (a) an increase in the percentage of students meeting the reading-book-level standards was greater for students in the reduced-size classes at grade 2 but not at grade 1, and (b) an increase in the percentage of students meeting the mathematics standards was greater for students in the reduced-size classes at grade 1 but not at grade 2. As in the previous year at grade 3, the NC End-of-Grade fall pretest and spring post-test data indicate that, controlling for differences in pre-test scores and free and reduced-price lunch status of students, there were no significant differences in reading and mathematics achievement between students in reduced-size classes and those in regular-sized classes. As in previous years, WCPSS generally did not reach a class size of 18, the goal of the enabling legislation, and it was again recommended that schools receiving two CSR teacher positions should place two teachers at the same grade level to reduce class sizes at a single grade.

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February 2003 NovaNET Student Outcomes 2001-2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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In the 2001-02 school year, NovaNET students earned significantly higher GPAs and fewer F's than before participating in NovaNET. NovaNET students did not show significantly greater gains than students in a comparison group that had similar demographic and academic characteristics; however, analyses revealed that the two groups varied somewhat in terms of prior suspensions, so results should be interpreted with caution. Some schools had much greater participation and student success than others. Strategies used by successful NovaNET programs include individualizing coursework; supplemental counseling and behavior modification; selecting the most appropriate students; requiring students to sign a contract promising to complete the course; and giving offline assignments to supplement NovaNET. Extending successful school practices to all schools could increase overall program impact.

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February 2003 Project Achieve Evaluation Report: Year One, 2001-2002 Speas, Carol

71 View Abstract

This is an evaluation of the pilot year of Project Achieve, a major local instructional initiative at six elementary schools and two middle schools to help reach the WCPSS goal of 95% of students at or above grade level. Participating schools had a higher percentage of low-income students and low-achieving students and slightly less stable student populations than the district as a whole. The initiative is based on the same principles and instructional process applied in the Brazosport, Texas school district, with modifications tailored to local needs and based on the NC Standard Course of Study. Project training and development did occur as planned from early 2001 to implementation in the 2001-02 school year. Participating schools did exceed ABCs growth and performance standards of the previous (baseline) year, as evidenced by annual NC ABCs Accountability System reports. Additionally, parents and staff expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in participating schools.

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February 2003 School Size: A Review of the Literature Overbay, Amy

12 View Abstract

Many discussions of school size tend to concentrate on secondary sources, such as other literature reviews; although this review does examine some secondary sources, it focuses on empirical research. Recent research suggests that smaller schools may be linked to improved attendance and participation in school activities. Some studies claim that smaller schools may also be associated with higher achievement, although other studies indicate that school size does not have a significant impact on student performance, and cite other variables such as district and school affluence as more reliable predictors of achievement. In fact, some studies suggest that students in more affluent districts may benefit from larger schools. Given the lack of consensus in the field over these issues, as well as practical issues related to rapid growth, limited funds, and the cost-effectiveness of smaller schools, many administrators and policymakers may prefer to pursue alternative reforms. It may be possible to achieve the desired student outcomes by reorganizing school populations, or by creating smaller learning communities within existing facilities.

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February 2003 Title VI: Annual Evaluation Report 2001-2002 Overbay, Amy
Speas, Carol

25 View Abstract

In the 2001-02 school year, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) implemented a project within an innovative assistance program area of Title VI- the provision of performing arts teachers within magnet elementary schools to provide arts education - under the "promising educational reform projects" category. Twelve arts teachers, representing between 0.3 and 1.0 FTE each, served in six elementary magnet schools: Fuller, Powell, Washington, Wendell, Conn, and Wiley. Also, in spring 2001, funding was allocated for planning and training activities for a new school improvement/reorganization effort at eight schools. WPSS Instructional Services Division identified a set of six schools showing historical patterns of below-expectation growth, and two schools volunteered to participate in "Project Achieve." Training and development for the eight schools did occur as planned in July - October, 2001. Results are shared.

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December 2002 2001-2002 SAT Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

9 View Abstract

The average total SAT score for Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) seniors in 2001-2002 was 1067, a thirteen point gain from 2000-01 and a six point gain from the previous high score of 1061 achieved in 1999-00. Both math and verbal scores in 2002 were the highest they have ever been.

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November 2002 Voyager Summer Academy 2002 Results Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Paeplow, Colleen

40 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) provides a comprehensive program of extra support for students in grades K-8 who have not yet reached grade level standards. In the summer of 2002, the Voyager Summer Academy was offered in WCPSS at grades 2-8 to students scoring at Level I or II (below grade level) in reading or math. (The State of North Carolina required a summer intervention at grades 3, 5, and 8, and WCPSS offered the program at the other grade levels as well.) WCPSS utilized the Voyager Time Warp series, which is a summer reading intervention program. Designed to decrease summer learning loss and reduce the achievement gap, Voyager Time Warp is based on the premise that lessons generating high student interest, combined with academically challenging material, will increase student motivation and improve student achievement. The Time Warp reading program is a four-hour-a day, four-week program. WCPSS also adopted Voyager's one-hour-per-day V-Math series for use in combination with the reading intervention. A variety of methods were used to assess the Voyager program including student, parent, teacher, and site coordinator surveys, a quality assurance checklist, in-depth interviews, and a focus group. Voyager pre/post assessments designed by the publisher and results on pre/post North Carolina End-of-Grade (EOG) tests were also used to evaluate Voyager's effectiveness.

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October 2002 Parent Survey Results 2001-2002 Wildman, Wanda

39 View Abstract

Parent Survey Results 2001-2002

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October 2002 Student Survey Results 2001-2002 Wildman, Wanda

32 View Abstract

Student Survey Results 2001-2002

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September 2002 2001-2002 End-of-Course Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

16 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2001- 2002 showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Both mean scale scores and the percentage of students scoring at Level III or Level IV reached new highs in eight out of ten subject areas.

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September 2002 2001-2002 North Carolina ABC Results Dulaney, Chuck
Kaase, Kristopher
Regan, Roger

16 View Abstract

For all WCPSS schools: 55% achieved high growth; 33% achieved expected growth but did not reach high growth; 12% did not meet expected growth but showed adequate performance

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September 2002 WCPSS Grades K-5 Literacy and Mathematics Assessment Results: 2000-2001 Baenen, Nancy

16 View Abstract

The percentage of students identified as needing extra support in the acquisition of reading skills at the next grade level dropped in kindergarten, first, and second grades from the 1999-2000 school year to 2000-2001. Approximately the same percentage of students in grades 1, 2, and 3 were identified as needing extra support in writing as had been reported in 1999-2000. As for mathematics performance, more kindergarten students in 2000-2001 (14%) than in 1999- 2000 (11%) remained at the pre-emergent stage of mathematics development and were identified as needing extra support in the next school year. The percent of grades 1-5 students demonstrating proficiency in none of the mathematics strands decreased from 1999-2000 but increased slightly for students demonstrating proficiency in only one of the four strands. Because of the subjective nature of the assessments, it is not clear if these results indicate a change in students' true achievement or an increased focus by teachers on requirements in some subjects. In other words, did the students really have better skills in reading and lower skills in math? Evidence from other sources will need to be considered before making changes in instruction or in allocation of resources.

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July 2002 2001-2002 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

34 View Abstract

WCPSS EOG multiple-choice results for 2001- 2002 show increases at all grade levels in both reading and math. Both the percentage of students scoring at or above grade level and average scale scores reached new highs.

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July 2002 Annual Performance Report 2001-2002 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

123 View Abstract

In 2001-02, WCPSS Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) grant began implementation for three schools in the project and planned for two others. Schools in their first implementation year were: Joyner Elementary School, Language Explorations Millbrook Elementary School, International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme Powell Elementary School ,Visual and Performing Arts Schools in their planning year included Brooks Elementary School ( Museums), and Moore Square Middle School ( Museums). Objective accomplishment as of the end of year 1 is described.

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June 2002 Advanced Placement Exam Results 2000-2001 Kaase, Kristopher
Paeplow, Colleen

32 View Abstract

The Advanced Placement (AP) program offers college-level courses to high school students. Many colleges and universities provide course credit to students who earn a high score on the end-of-year exams. Almost 60% of United States high schools offer AP course work, and more than 800,000 high school students participated in AP programs during the 2000-2001 school year (College Board, 2001). All 15 comprehensive high schools in the WCPSS offer AP courses. Enrollment in Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) AP courses was approximately 6,900 in 2000-01. Many students took more than one AP course. A total of 4,320 AP examinations were taken by 2,223 WCPSS students at the end of the school year. This report examines AP exam results for the WCPSS with comparisons to other large school systems, the state of North Carolina, the South, and the United States.

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June 2002 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results 2001-2002 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

20 View Abstract

Both fourth-grade and seventh-grade writing assessment scores declined in 2002 in WCPSS. The percentage of fourth-grade students who scored at or above 2.5 dropped 23.8 percentage points from 78.1 in 2001 to 54.3 in 2002. Seventh-grade scores dropped 13.8 percentage points from 77.5 in 2001 to 63.7 in 2002

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June 2002 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Three - Mid-Year Performance Report October 1, 2001 - May 31, 2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2
Overbay, Amy

41 View Abstract

The Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students (SS/HS) Project was a three-year federal cooperative effort sponsored by the Department of Education, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the Department of Health and Human Services. This report focuses on year 3 results. While all students were impacted indirectly, 3,315 individual students were served directly by SS/HS intervention programs, and 16,100 students participated in group prevention activities; SS/HS disproportionately served the higher risk students in the system directly as intended. The grant had many positive benefits in Year 3. A safe school environment was promoted by security system installation, and use of the WAVE Line. Alcohol, drug, and violence prevention and early intervention programs were promoted through a Communities in Schools (CIS/CLP) mentoring program, which had a positive effect on student achievement. Teen Court expanded the number of youth served, as well as the range of programs available for those youth. In terms of school and community mental health preventive and treatment intervention services, Children of Substance Abuse (COSA) groups drastically reduced the number of students reporting that they would use violence in the future. The preschool Second Step program resulted in teachers spending less time disciplining students. Five different curricula related to SS/HS reached over 15,000 WCPSS students. NovaNET improved students' ability to pass courses and get back on track to graduation.

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May 2002 Class-Size Reduction Program Evaluation, 2000-2001 Speas, Carol

22 View Abstract

This report examines the impact of the second year of the federal Class-Size Reduction (CSR) program in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) on student achievement.

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May 2002 Gaps in Academic Achievement: WCPSS Status 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

49 View Abstract

This report examines students' academic success in WCPSS based on outcomes such as achievement test scores, dropout rates, and course enrollments. Gaps have been evident in the achievement of students with different backgrounds and characteristics for decades. These gaps in achievement are one of the biggest challenges facing educators across the country. In some areas, the gaps in student outcomes in WCPSS have narrowed over time.

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May 2002 Title VI: Annual Evaluation Report 2000-2001 Speas, Carol

18 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System developed a project within an innovative assistance program area of Title VI--the provision of performing arts teachers within magnet elementary schools to provide arts education--under the "promising educational reform projects" category. Funding provided to private non-profit schools was used primarily for curricular materials. In the spring of 2001, Title VI funding was allocated for planning and training activities for new school improvement/reorganization efforts at seven schools under the "3a. Promising Educational Reform Programs: Effective Schools" category. This report provides information on implementation and attainment of objectives.

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February 2002 NovaNET 2000-2001: Analyses of Student Outcomes Relative to a Comparison Group Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

12 View Abstract

NovaNET is an on-line computerized instructional system that provides students with self-paced instruction for many North Carolina high school courses. This evaluation looks at outcomes for students participating in the NovaNET program and compares them with outcomes for a group of students with similar characteristics who did not participate in NovaNET. The primary positive finding was that the number of failing grades decreased significantly for students who participated in NovaNET, while a slight increase occurred for matched students. The GPA for NovaNET students showed a significant increase, but the comparison group increased about the same amount (difference between increases were not significant). NovaNET appeared to have more of a positive impact on math and social studies course grades than on English and science course grades. The pass rate for NovaNET science courses was only 50%. NovaNET did not appear to impact suspensions in 2000-2001; rates for NovaNET and matched students were statistically similar. NovaNET students were more likely to drop out of school in 2000-2001 than the comparison students who had a lower dropout rate than WCPSS overall; the change in drop-out rates should be examined again over the next few years. Overall, NovaNET seems to help students pass classes. However, more specific findings are difficult to obtain due to the newness of the program, and the difficulty of creating an accurately matched comparison group.

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February 2002 The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) 2000-01: Student Participation and Effectiveness Baenen, Nancy
Lindblad, Mark
Yaman, Kimberly

71 View Abstract

The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) is the major initiative that the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) is using to help all students reach grade level performance in reading and math. In 2000-01, ALP's second year of implementation, the program expanded from grades 3-8 to K-12. This report focuses on student participation rates and the impact of the ALP program.

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January 2002 Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8 2000-2001 Kaase, Kristopher

29 View Abstract

Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8 2000-2001

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January 2002 Summer Academy in the Wake County Public Schools: An Evaluation of the 2001 Program Holdzkom, David

20 View Abstract

Summer Academy in the Wake County Public Schools: An Evaluation of the 2001 Program

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December 2001 Parent Survey Results 2000-2001 Wildman, Wanda

30 View Abstract

Parent Survey Results 2000-2001

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December 2001 Progress Toward the 95% Goal: 2001 Dulaney, Chuck

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Report Summary Analysis of EOG test results for 2000-2001 shows that: Scores on all four tests targeted by the 2003 Goal were higher than ever before. As reported in 2000, current rates of improvement are still inadequate to reach the goal. Groups that have the highest percentage of students scoring below grade level (students from low-income families, African-American and Hispanic students) have made the largest gains since 1998. ALP interventions appear to be benefiting all demographic groups. The strongest predictor of low achievement is income, as measured by eligibility for free or reduced price lunch. Approximately 46% of students tested who participated in the school lunch program scored in Levels I or II.

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December 2001 Student Survey Results 2000-2001 Wildman, Wanda

28 View Abstract

Student Survey Results 2000-2001

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November 2001 2000-2001 North Carolina ABC Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

10 View Abstract

2000-2001 North Carolina ABC Results

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November 2001 The Effectiveness of the Wake Summerbridge Summer Enrichment Program Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

7 View Abstract

Wake Summerbridge is an enrichment program that has supported selected WCPSS middle school students for a number of years. This evaluation compared subsequent academic performance, suspensions and dropout rates of students who had participated in the program with a comparison group of students with similar characteristics who did not participate in the program. The main positive finding was that dropout rates were much lower for Summerbridge students than for the comparison group (1% versus 13%). Achievement scores and grade point averages showed a slight but consistent advantage in absolute terms for Summerbridge students over the comparison group. The differences were not statistically significant, although they may have some educational significance. The percentage of students receiving F's and suspension rates actually favored the comparison group. However, the higher dropout rate among comparison students may account for the lower number of F's earned by this group. Some cautions must be kept in mind when interpreting these findings. Sample sizes were relatively small which makes statistical significance more difficult to detect (about 80 per group). Groups could differ in ways that could not be determined from school system data files (e.g., attitude toward school, rigor of course selections, middle versus higher income status). Given the results, the cost of providing the service should also be considered in decisions about future funding.

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October 2001 2000-2001 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

25 View Abstract

2000-2001 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results

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September 2001 What Can You Do To Support High SAT Scores? Banks, Karen

2 View Abstract

What Can You Do To Support High SAT Scores?

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August 2001 2000-2001 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

6 View Abstract

2000-2001 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results

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July 2001 Structure of Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Efforts 2000-01 Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

105 View Abstract

This report focuses on the structure of instructional assistance available through ALP to students who show low achievement. Information is also provided on other programs available to these students. For many years, WCPSS has had instructional support available through a variety of grant-funded programs to students with special needs. However, student needs could not be fully met through these original resources. To help accomplish goal 2003 (for 95% of students to score proficient on EOG tests), local dollars were allocated for supplemental instructional support.

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May 2001 2000-2001 Iowa Test of Basic Skills Tyler, Doris

6 View Abstract

2000-2001 Iowa Test of Basic Skills

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February 2001 The North Carolina Competency Tests Results 1999-2000 Tyler, Doris

7 View Abstract

The North Carolina Competency Tests Results 1999-2000

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January 2001 1999-2000 WCPSS Grades K-5 Literacy and Mathematics Assessment Results Speas, Carol

14 View Abstract

More kindergarten students in 2000 (37%) than in 1999 (29%) were beyond the early emergent/emergent reading stage by the end of the year. Nonetheless, almost one-fourth of both kindergarten and first-grade students, and one-third of second-grade students, were identified as needing extra reading support at the next grade level because they were behind the majority of students in the acquisition of reading skills. In contrast, fewer grade 2 students (18%) and grade 3 students (9%) were identified as needing extra support in writing. As for mathematics performance, slightly fewer kindergarten students in 2000 (11%) than in 1999 (12%) remained at the pre-emergent stage of mathematics development and were identified as needing extra support in the next school year. However, the percent of grades 1-5 students demonstrating proficiency in none of the mathematics strands or in only one of the four strands ranged from 13% at first grade to 22% at grades 3-5.

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December 2000 1999-00 Computer Skills Tests Results Tyler, Doris

9 View Abstract

1999-00 Computer Skills Tests Results

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October 2000 Progress Towards the 95% Goal: 2000 Dulaney, Chuck

10 View Abstract

Report Summary Analysis of EOG test results for 1999-2000 shows that: Scores on all four tests targeted by the 2003 Goal were higher than ever before. Current rates of improvement are inadequate to reach the goal. The groups which have the highest percentage of students scoring below grade level are students from low income families, African-American and Hispanic students, and students identified as learning disabled or behaviorally/emotionally handicapped. The strongest predictor of low achievement is income, as measured by eligibility for free or reduced price lunch. Approximately 52% of students qualifying for the school lunch program scored in Levels I or II. On average, students who qualify for the free or reduced lunch program (FRL) show smaller academic gains than other students and are three years behind their non-FRL peers in middle school.

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September 2000 1999-2000 North Carolina ABC Results Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

9 View Abstract

1999-2000 North Carolina ABC Results

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August 2000 1999-2000 End-of-Grade Multiple Choice Test Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

24 View Abstract

1999-2000 End-of-Grade Multiple Choice Test Results

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August 2000 1999-2000 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results Dulaney, Chuck
Sharpe, Nartarshia

7 View Abstract

1999-2000 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results

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August 2000 Is Summer School Effective for Remediation in Algebra I? Baenen, Nancy
Lloyd, Wanda

6 View Abstract

For students who failed Algebra in 1994-95, repeating the course in summer school was as effective as repeating the course the next school year in improving students' knowledge. End-of-Course test scores improved for both groups (with no significant differences between the groups), and students who took the course during summer school were more likely to pass than those repeating the course during the regular school year.

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July 2000 Results from the 1999 WCPSS Parent Survey How Do Parent Opinions About WCPSS Compare to Local and National Attitudes Toward the Public Schools? Speas, Carol

49 View Abstract

Results from the 1999 WCPSS Parent Survey How Do Parent Opinions About WCPSS Compare to Local and National Attitudes Toward the Public Schools?

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March 2000 1998-99 Computer Skills Tests Results Tyler, Doris

7 View Abstract

1998-99 Computer Skills Tests Results

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November 1999 Iowa Test of Basic Skills: A 1998-99 Update Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

5 View Abstract

Iowa Test of Basic Skills: A 1998-99 Update

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September 1999 1998-99 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results Gay Fejoku, Caroline

32 View Abstract

1998-99 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results

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August 1999 1998-99 ABCs Results Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

8 View Abstract

1998-99 ABCs Results

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August 1999 Progress Towards the 95% Goal Dulaney, Chuck

6 View Abstract

Progress Towards the 95% Goal

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