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Published Document Title Authors Pages Abstract
August 2018 Building Bridges to Life after High School: Contemporary Career Academies and Student Outcomes Hemelt, Steven
Lenard, Matthew
Paeplow, Colleen

59 View Abstract

Career academies serve an increasingly wide range of students. This paper examines the contemporary profile of students entering career academies in a large, diverse school district and estimates causal effects of participation in one of the district’s well-regarded academies on a range of high school and college outcomes. Exploiting the lottery-based admissions process of this technology-focused academy, we find that academy enrollment increases the likelihood of high school graduation by about 8 percentage points and boosts rates of college enrollment for males but not females. Analysis of intermediate outcomes suggests that effects on attendance and industry-relevant certification at least partially mediate the overall high school graduation effect.

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July 2014 Dropout Rate for WCPSS: 2012-13 Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad
Muli, Juliana

8 View Abstract

Despite increases in student membership each year, WCPSS continues to maintain a steady decline in dropout counts. In 2012-13, the WCPSS high school dropout rate fell to 1.95%, its lowest rate ever. The WCPSS rate is lower than the state's rate, and also the lowest of the other four large school districts in North Carolina (Guilford 2.07%, Forsyth 2.72%, Mecklenburg 3.02%, and Durham 3.21%). WCPSS dropout rates by ethnicity in 2012-13 also fell for all subgroups, with Black/African-American students experiencing the largest drop of 1.8 percentage points, from 4.6% in 2011-12 to 2.8% in 2012-13.

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May 2014 WCPSS High School Graduation Rates: 2012-13 Regan, Roger

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The WCPSS four-year cohort graduation rate increased slightly from 80.6% in 2011-12 to 81.0% in 2012-13. Over the past five years, the overall rate has increased 2.6 percentage points and is now at its highest point since 2005-06. In contrast to the 2011-12 cohort, graduation rates declined slightly for economically disadvantaged students (64.9%), and students with disabilities (59.6%). Four-year cohort graduation rates at the 25 WCPSS high schools with graduating classes ranged from 68.3% to more than 95% in 2012-13. Rates increased at nine schools and declined at 15 schools. Follow-up analysis of the 2012-13 cohort also shed light on the characteristics of non-graduates and the relationship between early literacy and graduation rates.

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May 2013 Formative Assessment with Technology 2011-12: Second Year of Implementation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina
Talbot, Troy

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The second year (2011-12) of the Formative Assessment with Technology Project in three WCPSS schools was studied to determine the fidelity of implementation of the formative assessment practices and the project's impact on student achievement. Classroom observations and surveys of teachers and students showed that implementation was moderate, and it varied widely across teachers. Certain targeted practices were reported or observed much more often than others. High turnover in the teachers participating in the project likely contributed to the uneven implementation. High school staff had the highest level of implementation of training concepts as well as the highest use of the electronic response tools for assessment. Full implementation and impact on state achievement test scores was expected to take two years to be evident. Since only nine teachers participated and had data for two years, impact could not be reliably assessed. This pilot training model would be too expensive to roll out district-wide in WCPSS. More cost effective models may be used to encourage appropriate use of formative assessment.

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March 2013 WCPSS High School Graduation Rates 4-Year and 5-Year Cohort Rates 2011-12 Regan, Roger

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The WCPSS four-year cohort graduation rate declined slightly to 80.6% in 2011-12 from 80.9% in the previous year. At the same time, the five-year rate rose substantially from 81.6% to 84.4%.

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January 2013 2011-12 District Improvement Initiatives Evaluation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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Seven District Improvement initiatives were implemented in 2011-12 in WCPSS. All were well designed and coordinated, with common goal setting processes and use of common monitoring tools. All initiatives either met or partially met 2011-12 goals. Some were more successful in showing student outcomes, with the most positive initiatives being elementary mathematics and adolescent literacy. These results should be used to influence future decisions about continuation or strengthening of these efforts. New components that were well received and implemented by those trained (but which did not have achievement results as yet) should also be considered for future funding.

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January 2013 WCPSS Dropout Rate: 2011-12 Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

3 View Abstract

On January 10, 2013 the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI) released its annual statewide Dropout Report covering the 2011-12 school year. Charts show the dropout rate for WCPSS compared to the state as a whole, to other large school districts in North Carolina, and by selected student subgroups.

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December 2011 District Improvement Outcomes: 2010-11 Paeplow, Colleen

38 View Abstract

In 2010-11, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) was in district-wide improvement as a result of failing to meet Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in mathematics at the district level for the second consecutive year. This report examines overall student outcomes in 2010-11 as well as overall teacher outcomes and longitudinal results for schools targeted for three consecutive years of SIOP® training and support compared to matched schools who were not involved. SIOP® schools had a greater increase in students reaching growth targets than in the district overall. Increases in reading and mathematics proficiency at SIOP® elementary schools and reading at SIOP® middle schools were similar or slightly higher than for WCPSS. Overall mathematics results were not positive for SIOP® middle schools; however, matched school analysis by subject and school level found targeted student subgroups (i.e., Hispanic/Latino and Black/African American, Limited English Proficient, and economically disadvantaged) did benefit from attending SIOP® targeted schools. 2010-11 represented the first year of implementation of the Secondary Literacy and Secondary Mathematics Initiatives. The demographic similarity of schools implementing Secondary Mathematics with WCPSS coupled with the weak results indicates, as with Secondary Literacy, the results of this initiative could be strengthened by more selective process of targeting schools to receive training.

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December 2011 WCPSS District Improvement Implementation 2010-11 Baenen, Nancy
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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Instructional strategies aimed at improving achievement of low performing student subgroups in need of support were selected by the District Improvement Advisory Committee, so that WCPSS could exit District Improvement status. Impact of each initiative, which often included teacher training and coaching is examined in this implementation report. Recommendations are made including setting strategic goals and systematically monitoring implementation; targeting schools or teachers with high numbers of AYP groups of students in need of support; being intentional in coaching efforts and structuring coaching models based on the SIOP® experience; building ownership and commitment at the school level; and coordinating new and existing efforts to optimize effectiveness.

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December 2011 WCPSS Magnet Schools Assistance Program Final Performance Report 2010-2011 Baenen, Nancy
Henderson, Margaret
Regan, Roger
Reichstetter, Rosemary
Van Dyk, Pam

57 View Abstract

The Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) is a federal grant initiative designed to reduce or eliminate minority group isolation in K-12 schools where minority groups comprise a substantial population. This report reflects the success of the two middle schools and one high school involved in the grant across Years 1-3 plus Year 4, the "no cost extension" (NCE) year. The three goal areas include Desegregation and Choice, Building Capacity, and Academic Achievement. Schools had the most success with the measures that were under their most direct control--implementing the magnet strategies funded through the grant, adding curriculum and resources, and enhancing the offerings and attractiveness of the schools. While EOG/EOC proficiency improved compared to before the grant, the increase was not sufficient to reach the lofty achievement goals.

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August 2011 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2010-2011 McMillen, Brad

703 View Abstract

Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2010-2011

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June 2011 Comprehensive Assessment Systems: Purposes and Implementation Talbot, Troy

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Comprehensive Assessment Systems: Purposes and Implementation

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June 2011 High School Five-Year Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

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In 2009-10, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction was approved to include a five-year graduation rate as well as a four-year rate in determining if schools, districts, and the state made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) under the NCLB Act. This rate was based on the incoming 9th grade students of 2005-06. The denominator of the cohort remained the same for both the 2008-09 four-year and the 2009-10 five-year rate with an additional 296 graduates added to the numerator in the fifth year. The 2009-10 five-year district rate rose to 81.5% from a 2008-09 four-year rate of 78.4%. The subgroups with the largest increases were limited English proficient (9.8 percentage points), economically disadvantaged (7.8 percentage points), and students with disabilities subgroups (7.4 percentage points). Hispanic/Latino and Black/African American students had the largest rate increases among ethnic subgroups (6.6 and 5.5 percentage points, respectively).

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March 2011 2009-10 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin

5 View Abstract

On March 3rd, 2011, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI) released its annual statewide Dropout Report covering the 2009-10 school year. Charts show the dropout rate for WCPSS compared to the state as a whole, to other large school districts in North Carolina, and by the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) subgroups.

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February 2011 End-of-Course (EOC) Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

51 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in selected courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2009-10 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students scoring proficient. For the first time in 2009-10, all students who scored at Level II on EOCs were retested. Retests added 3.7 to 5.8 percentage points to the overall proficiency rates on each test. Changes in performance between 2008-09 and 2009-10 varied by group and by course, although most ethnic groups saw increases in both proficiency and average scale scores across the board. Despite gains of the last three to five years, Hispanic/Latino students, students from lower-income backgrounds, and students with limited English proficiency (LEP) scored below their corresponding NC state rates. The LEP subgroup is barely above 50% proficient. It is imperative that progress for these groups continue to accelerate.

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December 2010 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2008-09 Regan, Roger
Speas, Carol

26 View Abstract

In 2008-09, four alternate assessments were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. As in earlier years, results for WCPSS students were mixed. Student performance on the NCCLAS, an assessment designed mainly for limited English proficient (LEP) students, improved in mathematics but remained low in reading for the 141 students in grades 3 to 8 who took them. Fewer students took NCCLAS EOC exams but proficiency rates in English I and Algebra I, the two tests taken by the most students, were 81% and >95%, respectively. On the NCEXTEND1 assessments, which are taken by students with significant cognitive disabilities, proficiency rates ranged from 49-57% in reading and 46-73% in math for 461 Grade 3-8 students. The NCEXTEND2 assessments, administered to students with moderate intellectual or learning disabilities, were taken by the largest number of WCPSS students (1572). Results on these modified EOG exams were slightly higher than those of the two previous years but proficiency rates across grade levels remained low in both reading (18- 41%) and mathematics (30-52%). At the high school level, 277 students took NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments, which are based on the Occupational Course of Study and serve as alternates for required assessments in reading, mathematics, and science. The percentage of students achieving proficiency on the exams ranged from 44% in English, to 50% in mathematics, and 53% in Science.

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December 2010 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2009-10 Holdzkom, David
Regan, Roger

20 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2009-10. On the three alternate assessments that were given in 2009-10, results for WCPSS students were mixed. On the NCEXTEND1 assessments, which are taken by students with significant cognitive disabilities, proficiency rates for 479 Grade 3-8 students ranged from 46-70% in reading and from 48-79% in math, both up from last year but still generally lower than statewide rates. The NCEXTEND2 EOG assessments, administered to students with moderate intellectual or learning disabilities, were taken by the largest number of WCPSS students (2,106). Results on these modified EOG exams were slightly higher than those of the two previous years but proficiency rates across grade levels remained low in both reading (25-42%) and mathematics (43-54%). At the high school level, 412 students took NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments, which are based on the Occupational Course of Study and serve as alternates for required assessments in reading, mathematics, and science. The percentage of students achieving proficiency on the exams ranged from 68% in English, to 70% in mathematics, and 61% in Science, all up significantly from last year and closer to statewide rates.

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November 2010 WCPSS Professional Learning Teams (PLTs): 2009-10 School-Based Policy Implementation Study Baenen, Nancy

122 View Abstract

As a result of Board Policy 3610, PLTs were implemented across WCPSS in a consistent fashion in 2009-10. Data show that implementation improved and teachers spent more time engaged in collaborative work. School staff cited numerous benefits for teachers and students. Regression analyses showed a reasonably strong correlation between high levels of PLT implementation and students' academic achievement, attendance, and their overall level of satisfaction with their schools. Essential characteristics of PLTs were illustrated in case studies of high-performing PLTs' in the district. While collaborative cultures have been well-established, most teams could benefit from additional training on ways to use data, and on ways to evaluate the success of their efforts. Communications with school communities could also be more consistent across schools.

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November 2010 Year 3 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Progress Report Brasfield, Jon
Cárdenas, Virginia

76 View Abstract

The three MSAP schools; East Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet Middle School (EGMMS), Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet High School (GMHS), and Southeast Raleigh Leadership and Technology Magnet High School (SRMHS) showed progress on MSAP performance measures during the 3rd year of the grant. Data on 16 performance measures collected relate to "Desegregation and Choice" (6), "Building Capacity" (2), and "Academic Achievement of Students" (8). Overall, half the targets were met, with the most variability across schools for the Desegregation and Choice measures. Observations and survey results revealed increased efforts to implement innovative educational methods and programs at all three MSAP schools. Each school established strategic processes to address targets in each goal area. Although progress was made, much work remained to be done to achieve the original goals of the MSAP grant. The district requested and received a no-cost extension to run through the 2010-2011 school year.

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September 2010 WCPSS District Improvement: 2009-10 Implementation Status Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

46 View Abstract

In 2009-10 Wake County Public Schools System (WCPSS) exited District Improvement in reading and remained in level one for mathematics. All District Improvement efforts gained momentum. The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP®) continued as the primary focus to meet the needs of limited English proficient (LEP) students in elementary and middle schools. The high school component was modified and addressed both literacy and mathematics. The number of trained SIOP® teachers considerably increased (from 588 in 2008-09 to 956 in 2009-10), follow-up coaching to support application of training reached more teachers, training implementation and buy-in strengthened. All SIOP® training, coaching, and implementation objectives for in 2009-10 were met or partially met. The number and use of SIOP® modified focus lessons increased substantially, but awareness could still be improved.

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August 2010 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2009-2010 McMillen, Brad

678 View Abstract

Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2009-2010

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May 2010 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2008-09 McMillen, Brad

23 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in 10 courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2008-09 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students scoring proficient. After the recent introduction of new EOC tests with higher standards, scores in WCPSS have begun to move back upward after an initial decline. Significant gaps in achievement are still evident, and proficiency rates have not fully recovered to the levels seen prior to these new tests. However, historically-underperforming subgroups have made significant gains, and have begun to close those gaps. Further acceleration of those gains will be important for ensuring that all students are prepared for their post-secondary futures.

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March 2010 2008-09 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin

5 View Abstract

On February 5th, 2009, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction released its annual statewide Dropout Report covering the 2007-08 school year. Charts show the dropout rate for WCPSS compared to the state as a whole, to other large school districts in North Carolina, and by race.

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March 2010 The Relationship between High School Course Grades and Exam Scores Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

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Since the 2006-07 school year, in addition to earning a certain number of course credits, all North Carolina high school students have been required to pass the End of Course test (EOC) in five subjects in order to obtain a high school diploma. This report examines the relationship between EOC test results and course grades for Algebra I and English I, two of the subjects that are part of the new graduation requirements. Analyses are presented for two subsets of students: the students who failed the EOC test but passed the course and the students who passed the EOC test but failed the course. The size of the first subset decreased over the four-year period, while the size of the second one increased. Differences were observed among subgroups, in particular between gender, with female students having a greater chance of passing the course in comparison to male students with similar results on the EOC test.

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January 2010 NovaNET 2008-09 Evaluation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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NovaNET is a technology-based teacher-facilitated educational approach used at schools to support students at risk of not meeting graduation requirements to accrue credits in a variety of subjects. NovaNET contributes to the WCPSS goal of closing achievement gaps and creating opportunities for all students to graduate on time. In 2008-09, 38 NovaNET courses were offered districtwide. All high schools offered credit recovery (CR) courses. Six schools offered remediation opportunities, and 11 offered new credits. Based on summer courses, NovaNET had a high success rate in helping students earn credits towards graduation. Based on high summer pass rates, it is recommended to encourage use of NovaNET to earn course credits, examine ways to enhance EOC performance, designate use of NovaNET within course codes, streamline reporting methods, and enhance monitoring of success. Consider expanded use of NovaNET as a supplement for regular courses. Based on cost-effectiveness, expand student access to NovaNET in summer if feasible.

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October 2009 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Grades 3-5: Evaluation 2007-08 Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

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ALP 2007-08 was designed to primarily support Level I and II student below grade levels, with others supported as funds allowed. Evidence indicates many students scoring proficient were served (especially in literacy) while some students scoring below grade level received no documented support. ALP reached less than half of students scoring below grade level in literacy and in mathematics. Literacy achievement growth outcomes for Level I-II students below grade level were about the same as for other Level I-II students (many of whom received other services); ALP results were less positive for students who scored at grade level prior to service than for similar students. Mathematics proficiency results were less positive than for those served in other programs or not served. Achievement outcomes were similar for students served during the school day or outside of the school day.

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October 2009 Year 2 Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) Brasfield, Jon

56 View Abstract

In Year 2 of the MSAP grant, significant progress was made by each school and its community to implement the grant objectives. Year 2 represented an amalgamation of Year 1 activities that were not implemented due to a delay in hiring key personnel, original objectives assigned to Year 2, and several activities that arose from improvement sessions. Each school had a blue print that captured their performance measures, target outcomes, yearly activities, staff development activities, and resources along with a customized yearly time line. The 16 performance measures were grouped into three categories. The "Desegregation and Choice" category was the most difficult for schools to attain (with three or four of the six measures met by each school). All schools achieved both "Building Capacity" performance measures. In the "Academic Achievement" category, SRMHS achieved 5/8 targets, GMHS achieved 4/8, and EGMMS achieved 6/7 (4-year graduation rate is measured for the two high schools, but not for the middle school). In all, SRMHS achieved the stated target on 10/16 performance measures, GMHS on 10/16, and EGMMS met 12/15.

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July 2009 Where do North Carolina's End-of-Grade (EOG) and End-of-Course (EOC) Tests come from? McMillen, Brad

11 View Abstract

Where do North Carolina's End-of-Grade (EOG) and End-of-Course (EOC) Tests come from?

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June 2009 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2007-08 McMillen, Brad
Stevens, Wendy

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End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in ten courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2007-08 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students who scored proficient. After the recent introduction of new EOC tests, scores for students in WCPSS have begun to tick back upward after a decline attributable to higher standards on those new tests. However, significant gaps in achievement are still evident, and proficiency rates have not fully recovered to the levels seen prior to these new tests. Higher standards, coupled with new EOC-based graduation requirements and a changing student population continue to pose significant challenges to ensuring success for all students.

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June 2009 Factors Associated with Staying on Track to Graduate: Evidence from the WCPSS 9th Grade Class of 2005-06 Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad

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Given that graduating from high school on time prepared for the future is the ultimate outcome of the K-12 education process, then an understanding of the factors that distinguish students who do from students who do not becomes important. This study looked at data from the WCPSS 9th grade class of 2005-06 in an effort to document some of the factors that separated students who stayed on track to graduate from those who either got behind or dropped out. Results indicated that several demographic, program, and achievement factors were associated with staying ontime to graduate during high school. These results should help schools better identify students who might be at risk for not graduating on time.

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June 2009 PLC Survey Results by Years of Experience Baenen, Nancy

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On the High Five PLC Survey, most teachers, regardless of years of experience, viewed PLCs as having a positive impact on their work environment and student learning. Beginning teachers tended to have the highest percentage of agreement. The percentage of teachers agreeing that PLCs were having the desired impact increased between 2007-08 and 2008-09 for both beginning teachers and those with more experience. Thus, trends were in the desired direction.

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June 2009 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2007-08 Speas, Carol

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The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. In 2007-08, four alternate assessments were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. As in previous years, results for WCPSS students were mixed. NCEXTEND2 EOG results remained low (39% or less), and students with significant cognitive disabilities taking NCEXTEND1 assessments achieved 27-49% proficiency. More positively, high school students taking NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments achieved 66-67% proficiency (up from 22-48%), and students taking NCCLAS assessments (chiefly English language learners) achieved 17-60% in reading, 33-80% in mathematics, and 68% in English I (up from 22% and 59% in previous years). These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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May 2009 WCPSS Assessment Item Bank Summary Report May 2009 Callipare, Amy

283 View Abstract

'The Wake County Public Schools' (WCPSS) Assessment Item Bank was surveyed to determine the current number of items and to help in developing future plans for the system. First, the Department of Public Instruction's (DPI) goals and objectives were compared to those listed in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank. The number of items present in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank was determined for each subject area, by grade and objective. The number of items in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank was then compared to the state assessment numbers for each objective. This information was used to help determine the areas of need for future efforts to further expand the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank.

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February 2009 2007-08 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

2007-08 WCPSS Dropout Rate

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February 2009 ABCs and AYP Results, Wake County Public School System: 2007-08 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

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The North Carolina ABCs Accountability Model has two components: The performance composite and growth. Using those two components, each school is assigned into a recognition category and designated as having met Expected or High Growth. Under the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) provision, a school meets Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) if all subgroups with 40 or more students reach pre-set targets in reading and mathematics, and if the school shows progress in its graduation or attendance rate. Eighty-six percent of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) schools met Expected or High Growth in 2007-08. Sixty percent of WCPSS schools received the designation of School of Progress. Twenty-eight out of 153 schools (18%) met AYP.

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February 2009 High School Mathematics Course-Taking Patterns of Middle School Algebra I Students Haynie, Glenda

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This study is a follow-up study to one of effective instructional practices of two Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) middle school Algebra I teachers (Haynie, 2009). In order to study the potential impact of middle school Algebra I teachers on math course taking in high school, the 2003-04 8th grade Algebra I students of the most effective (T1) and least effective(B1) teachers from the aforementioned study were examined further. In high school, 97% of T1's students took Honors Geometry in 9th grade compared to 77% of B1's students. In 12th grade, 62% of T1's students took AP Calculus or higher course compared to 38% of B1's students.

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February 2009 Middle School Algebra I: Effective Instructional Strategies with Comparison to High School Practices Haynie, Glenda
McMillen, Brad

41 View Abstract

This study examined practices of teachers in Wake County Public Schools' (WCPSS) middle school Algebra I classes. Regression analyses of standardized state testing results allowed for identification of the most effective and least effective Algebra I teachers. The study used surveys, observations, and focus group interviews to compare and contrast most effective teachers with less effective teachers. It found that the most effective middle school algebra teachers held a significantly more positive attitude toward their students than did less effective teachers. They had high expectations for all students, used mathematics vocabulary appropriately, had a structured classroom management style, taught bell to bell using an invigorated pace, and had a classroom culture in which students were free to ask questions, contribute, and offer explanations. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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February 2009 North Carolina Virtual Public School in WCPSS Update for Fall 2007, Spring 2008, and Summer 2008 Baenen, Nancy
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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North Carolina Virtual Public School (NCVPS) has changed since summer 2007, with more traditional courses and fewer credit-recovery courses. Total NCVPS initial enrollments of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students were much lower in Fall 2007 (139), Spring 2008 (198), and Summer 2008 (430) than in Summer 2007 (1,378). Students were more likely to complete courses after Summer 2007. However, students enrolled in Fall 2007 and Spring 2008 were more likely to drop courses with failure after the deadline than to do so before the cutoff date. Percentages of final enrollments with passing NCVPS course grades increased from 47% in Summer 2007 to 64%, 84%, and 70% in the fall, spring, and summer, respectively. In Summer 2008, pass rates for EOC courses were somewhat lower than for other courses, with relatively low pass rates on EOC tests.

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January 2009 Best Practices to Promote High School Graduation Baenen, Nancy

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Significant attention and resources have been focused on reforming high schools to enhance graduation rates. The research literature supports the following practices: For struggling students, accurate identification and intensive instructional, monitoring, and counseling support For 9th graders, transition activities, personalization, and academic support strategies For teachers, intensive training to help them provide effective instruction and support, particularly for students showing signs of risk.

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January 2009 Overview of Practices to Promote High School Graduation Baenen, Nancy

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Significant attention and resources have been focused on reforming high schools to enhance graduation rates. The research literature supports the following practices: For struggling students, accurate identification and intensive instructional, monitoring, and counseling support For 9th graders, transition activities, personalization, and academic support strategies For teachers, intensive training to help them provide effective instruction and support, particularly for students showing signs of risk.

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October 2008 Helping High-Performing Students Achieve at Higher Levels: A Review of the Literature Yaman, Kimberly

11 View Abstract

Helping High-Performing Students Achieve at Higher Levels: A Review of the Literature

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June 2008 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2006-07 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

24 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. In 2006-07, five alternate assessments - two new and three continuing ones from the previous year - were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. Four options were used by WCPSS students, and results were mixed. While students with significant cognitive disabilities in grades 3-8 taking the new NCEXTEND1 assessments achieved 63-89% proficiency, only 22-48% of high school students taking the new NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments achieved proficiency. In the second year of implementation, NCEXTEND2 EOG assessment results remained low (31% or less), while students (chiefly English language learners) taking NCCLAS assessments achieved 63-88% proficiency, up from 10-65% in the previous year. These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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May 2008 WCPSS Professional Learning Communities: 2007-08 Implementation Status Reichstetter, Rosemary

62 View Abstract

Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) are in the implementation stages throughout the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Results from the 2007-08 High Five PLC Survey of teachers throughout the school system, as well as observations and focus group interviews in selected schools, show that strong support continues for PLC implementation overall, (66% to 87% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed with statements about each PLC element). Results suggest PLC concepts and work efforts are well underway and are growing in implementation. Challenges cited include finding time for PLC team work and remediation of student skills, increasing the understanding of all staff of PLC concepts, and increasing teachers' skills in developing and using quality formative assessments.

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April 2008 Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID): WCPSS Program Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

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This evaluation examined the implementation and effectiveness of the AVID program in middle schools throughout the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Survey results and school visits revealed considerable inconsistencies in implementation across schools. Specifically, selection criteria were not consistently understood and applied, all staff members implementing the program were not able to attend AVID training, and some schools emphasized enrollment in Algebra I in eighth grade more than others as a desired outcome of AVID participation. Attrition from the program was high, with 38% of those enrolled in grade 6 in 2005-06 continuing with the program through grade 8 in 2007-08. The stated goal of having all AVID students enroll in Algebra I by grade 8 was not met, although a higher percentage of AVID students in grade 8 enrolled in Algebra I than was true system wide (50% vs. 28%).

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April 2008 WCPSS High School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 Baenen, Nancy

108 View Abstract

Many indicators of performance, persistence, and academic rigor for WCPSS high school students point toward the relative success of WCPSS high school students. Student achievement remains high compared to state and national results, and an increasing number of students are pursuing rigorous AP coursework in high school. The skills and abilities that WCPSS graduates obtain appear to serve them well in the University of North Carolina (UNC) system, which is the most common educational destination for WCPSS graduates. However, changing student populations and rising academic standards are challenging the system's ability to sustain and increase academic performance for all students. Gaps in achievement have increased, with higher percentages of minority students and students with academic risk factors at risk of not graduating on time, compared to other groups.

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April 2008 WCPSS Middle School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 McMillen, Brad

81 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for middle school students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades 6-8 continue to do well on most achievement measures, but there are significant gaps in outcomes between different student subgroups, including ethnic groups, program groups, and also between male and female students. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report also describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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April 2008 Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) Elementary School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 Holdzkom, David

92 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for elementary students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades K-5 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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March 2008 Effective Teaching Practices in U.S. History Haynie, Glenda
Stephani, Melinda

30 View Abstract

This study analyzed the instructional practices of more versus less effective U.S. History teachers identified by a multiple regression model. Using surveys, observations, and focus-group interviews, the study found that the most effective teachers had a more complete package of rigor, relevance, and relationship strategies than less effective teachers. Effective teachers had strong content knowledge, prepared their own materials, taught reading and note-taking skills, used time wisely, and connected history to themes across time. Relationships with students were of utmost importance to effective teachers. They gave frequent positive feedback and believed that all students could succeed. Effective teachers created an atmosphere of mutual respect, in which both teachers and students were enthusiastic. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts in a number of ways.

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February 2008 2006-07 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin

4 View Abstract

2006-07 WCPSS Dropout Rate

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February 2008 Improving Student Success in High School Algebra I by Identifying Successful Teachers and Schools Haynie, Glenda
Kellogg, Athena

30 View Abstract

This study examined practices of teachers in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) high school Algebra I classes. Regression analyses of standardized state testing results allowed for identification of the most effective and least effective Algebra I teachers and schools. The study used surveys, observations, and focus group interviews to compare and contrast most effective teachers with less effective teachers It found that the most effective algebra teachers averaged 68% of their time on new material daily; averaged seven transitions in ninety minutes; used sustaining feedback; had structured classes with a culture of mutual respect; told their students what to expect on tests and cautioned them about possible errors; emphasized problem solving and processes; and exhibited a sense of humor. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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February 2008 Public Issues Confronting the WCPSS Board of Education as Perceived by Focus Group Interview Participants Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

6 View Abstract

In an effort to understand the issues that the citizens of Wake County believe confront the Board of Education, two focus group interviews were conducted in November 2007 with the Community Relations Committee (CRC). The two groups both identified population growth as a major root cause of many of the issues confronting the school system. Many of the issues identified by the interviewed groups may be thought of as nested, or embedded. The focus group interviews identified three major impacts of this rapid growth on the school district: providing high quality facilities and educational programs, creating a student assignment plan that is fair and provides some measure of predictability, and coping with the increasing diversity of the student population.

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November 2007 Analysis of Achievement Data Boykin, Anne-Sylvie
Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

Analysis of Achievement Data

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November 2007 North Carolina Virtual Public Schools Review of Summer School 2007 Rhea, Anisa

27 View Abstract

In summer 2007, 995 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students enrolled in online courses provided free of charge by the North Carolina Virtual Public School (NCVPS). Whereas most students were seeking to recover credits, some students enrolled in courses for credit acceleration. Students who elected to take accelerated courses were more likely than students registered for credit recovery courses to terminate their enrollment. Few students who initially enrolled in NCVPS had successful academic outcomes as indicated by the small proportion who received passing course grades from NCVPS (28.2%) and who demonstrated proficiency on End-of-Course (EOC) exams (13.5%). However, students enrolled for credit acceleration had higher success rates on both measures than students trying to recover credits. Survey results reveal that students taking accelerated EOC courses were also likely to possess the characteristics attributed to successful online learners. The guidelines for enrollment and the structures and processes of NCVPS should be evaluated to assess whether participation in NCVPS is an appropriate option to promote students' academic success.

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August 2007 WCPSS Students with Multiple Academic Risks: Achievement Patterns and School Experiences Baenen, Nancy
Ives, Sarah
Paeplow, Colleen
Reichstetter, Rosemary

112 View Abstract

This study focused on effective practices for students with multiple academic risk factors (students with disabilities, students eligible for free or reduced price lunch, and/or students with limited English proficiency). Achievement performance patterns over several years differ between students making stronger and weaker achievement growth on End-of-Grade tests. Sixteen case studies of 5th and 8th graders revealed that students with positive achievement patterns were more likely to show signs of resilience in their personal characteristics, school experiences, and/or home support than were students with negative achievement patterns. Teachers of both groups used some methods recommended in national research (such as small-group work, structure, and collaboration). A specific focus on language development was not mentioned. Homework was a common problem.

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June 2007 Effective Practices for Middle School Students with Multiple Needs Baenen, Nancy

4 View Abstract

School-level practices can make a difference in promoting the achievement growth of multiple-risk students. At the middle school level, effective school staffs were more likely to; focus more on how to address student needs and less on barriers to addressing needs; have more informal administrator visits in classrooms; have more positive attitudes and training in working with at-risk groups, and more frequently use resources such as assessment data, extra adults in classrooms, technology, and instructional pacing guides.

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June 2007 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2005-06 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

19 View Abstract

The NC Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. Four alternate assessments--two new and two continuing ones--were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. Results were mixed for the new NC Checklist of Academic Standards (option chiefly for English language learners new in U.S. schools): proficiency rates in language assessments were below 30%, while proficiency rates in mathematics, in some grades, were higher than those of LEP students taking standard EOG tests. Results for the other new option, NCEXTEND2 (for students without significant cognitive disabilities but with disabilities that preclude their attaining gradelevel proficiency within a single school year), were less than 30% at each grade in reading and mathematics. These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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April 2007 Professional Learning Community (PLC) Implementation WCPSS 2006-07 Baseline Survey Results Baenen, Nancy
Reichstetter, Rosemary

21 View Abstract

Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) are being developed in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) to promote continuous improvement and student success. Baseline results from a 2006-07 survey show strong support for PLC concepts/expectations among school staff (at least 88% rated themes as medium or high priority), with lower implementation levels (60-73%) per theme. Sustained implementation of PLCs was reported by 24-30% of staff for each theme. Results suggest training in PLC concepts and strategies should be well received in WCPSS, and that increased implementation is clearly possible.

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March 2007 WCPSS High School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Holdzkom, David
McMillen, Brad

93 View Abstract

Looking across various indicators of performance, persistence, and academic rigor for WCPSS high school students, many indicators point toward the relative success of WCPSS high school students. Student achievement remains high compared to state and national results, and an increasing number of students are pursuing rigorous AP coursework in high school. In addition, the skills and abilities that WCPSS graduates obtain appear to serve them well in the UNC system, which is the most common post-high school educational destination for WCPSS graduates. However, significant challenges remain related to changing student populations and rising academic standards which are challenging the system's ability to sustain and increase academic performance for all students.

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March 2007 WCPSS Middle School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

84 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for middle school students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades 6-8 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Results for the new test of computer skills are also a concern. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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October 2006 Effective Practices for At-Risk Elementary and Middle School Students Baenen, Nancy
Gilewicz, Ed
Ives, Sarah
Lynn, Amy
Warren, Tom
Yaman, Kimberly

72 View Abstract

The students who have the most difficulty reaching accountability standards in Wake County Public Schools are those with more than one of the following characteristics: recipients of free or reduced-price lunch, students with disabilities, and/or students with limited English proficiency. The Evaluation and Research Department identified elementary and middle schools that differed in their effectiveness in promoting achievement growth for these students. Quantitative and qualitative analyses suggest differences in both attitudes and practices. The more effective schools had higher expectations for these students, and greater confidence in their ability to meet students' needs. Evidence suggested more effective administrative leadership/support, training, and utilization of resources. Higher-growth middle schools utilized assessments to inform instruction more frequently, and higher-growth elementary schools had more structured collaboration around student needs. Further research is planned.

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July 2006 High School Redesign 2004-05 Reichstetter, Rosemary

51 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) strengthened the rigor, relevance, and relationships within its high schools in 2004-05; a primary strategy was the adoption on a block schedule. This progress report found an increase in more rigorous academic opportunities. Higher numbers of enrollees engaged in advanced courses and generally stable or higher academic success was achieved with End-of-Course exams, grade point averages, and credits earned. Greater relevance in coursework was evident and a wider variety of instructional practices. Staff promoted stronger student-staff relationships by emphasizing personalization. The majority of students and teachers reported fewer discipline concerns in classes, and students felt connected with their schools. Dropout and suspension rates did not decline.

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March 2006 2004-05 Wake County Public Schools' Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad

4 View Abstract

2004-05 Wake County Public Schools' Dropout Rate

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December 2005 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2004-05 Haynie, Glenda
McMillen, Brad

23 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test results in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) for 2004-05 remained largely unchanged from 2003-04. Average scale scores rose slightly in four subjects and dropped slightly in three others. The percentage of students scoring proficient (Level III or IV) dropped slightly in six subjects and rose slightly in two others. Proficiency rates exceeded 85% in Algebra I, Algebra II, English I, Chemistry, and Physics. Physical Science had the lowest proficiency rate (67.2%) but showed the largest improvement for the second consecutive year. Significant gaps remain among various student subgroups based on factors such as ethnicity, disability status, and family income. Among ethnic groups, Black/African American students have demonstrated the largest proficiency gains on six of the eight EOC tests since 1998-99.

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December 2005 Graduation Rates of the 1998-99 9TH-Grade Cohort Wake County Public School System Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda

16 View Abstract

A study of 6,037 first-time Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) 1998-99 9th-grade students found that their overall four-year graduation rate was 80% and a five-year graduation rate was 83%. Female students (87%) were more likely to graduate than male students (79%). Asian (92%) and White (88%) students were more likely to graduate than Black/African American (68%) and Hispanic/Latino (72%) students. Black/African American male students were least likely to graduate (60%). The 1998 rate is six percentage points higher than a comparable 1995 rate. All ethnic subgroups improved, with Hispanic/Latino students increasing four points, Black/African American students increasing eight points, and Asian students increasing nine points.

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December 2005 WCPSS Outcomes Summary for 2004-05, With an Emphasis on Achievement Gap Status Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

45 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) saw improved achievement between the late 1990s and 2003, both in overall trends and results disaggregated by subgroup. Achievement gaps began to close. The percentage of students scoring at grade level is now quite high. In the past three years, the percentage of lower income, minority, and limited-English-proficient students has increased, and the percentage of students at grade level has changed very little. Dropout and graduation rates show some closing of gaps between Black and White students, but not between Hispanic/Latino and White students. Identifying ways to further close achievement gaps and improve other student outcomes is challenging, especially in light of additional graduation requirements which will be added for students entering 9th grade in the 2006-07 school year.

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August 2005 ABC Outcomes for WCPSS for 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck

11 View Abstract

ABC Outcomes for WCPSS for 2004-05

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March 2005 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2003-04 Gilleland, Kevin

57 View Abstract

Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2003-04

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March 2005 East Wake High School Evening Program Reichstetter, Rosemary

14 View Abstract

The East Wake High School Evening Program study focused on whether the program was meeting its original intent and was cost/beneficial. The focus changed from serving only dropouts or students likely to drop out or not graduate who participated in the extended day program to serving any student needing course grade recovery. Most attempted courses were completed with credits earned, and grade promotions of enrollees increased. However, some classes were small, which increased the cost per student. Few dropouts enrolled in 2003-04, and overall enrollment was lower than previously.

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February 2005 Block Scheduling Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Reichstetter, Rosemary

62 View Abstract

In 2003-04, 11 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools moved from a traditional student schedule of six full-year courses to a block schedule of four courses each semester (4x4). Implementation went fairly smoothly, with 90% of teachers trained prior to the change. Academic course opportunities and course enrollment numbers increased substantially (by 24% and 46% respectively) compared to 2002-03, key desired outcomes. Academic success was marked by increases in credits earned, grade promotion rates, and twelfth grade graduation rates as desired. Maintenance of prior status was desired for other outcomes this first year. End-of-course performance and grade point averages of 3.0 or higher actually increased slightly, while Advanced Placement (AP) scores of 3 and greater decreased slightly. Student attendance and suspension rates remained the same. Generally, most of those surveyed and interviewed expressed satisfaction with the change. Exploring modified schedule options for some courses as well as continued professional development are recommended.

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December 2004 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2002-03 Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin

26 View Abstract

Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2002-03

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December 2004 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2002-03 Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin

26 View Abstract

Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2002-03

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December 2004 Title V Evaluation Report 2003-04: E&R Section Page, Bethany

9 View Abstract

For the 2003-04 school year, WCPSS applied for and received Title V funding for "education reform and school improvement." WCPSS used funds to support two International Baccalaureate (IB) programs: the Middle Years Programme (MYP) at Broughton High School and the Diploma Programme (DP) at Garner Senior High School. Additional funds were used to fund a senior evaluator for school accountability to provide data to inform school improvement and student achievement. The report provides evidence of implementation and outcomes.

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October 2004 Annual Performance Report 2003-2004 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

146 View Abstract

The Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Performance Report Year 3 (2003-2004) was implemented from September 1, 2003, through August 31, 2004 in the WCPSS. Staff members implemented activities this U.S. Department of Education grant project. They built upon the foundation established in Years 1 and 2 and endeavored to fully accomplish the scope and objectives of the project by the end of Year 3. They sought to reach all performance benchmarks established for Year 3 as well as to make up for any benchmarks not fully achieved in Years 1 and 2. When senior members of the project staff realized that not every objective would be fully completed by the end of Year 3, they requested and received a no-cost extension from the MSAP office for an additional project year (September 1, 2004-August 31, 2005). Schools participating in the project and their magnet themes are: Brooks Elementary School - Museums, Joyner Elementary School - Language Explorations, Millbrook Elementary School - International Baccalaureate, Powell Elementary School - Visual and Performing Arts, and Moore Square Middle School - Museums. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving the objectives. The four MSAP purposes are listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments or deficits in meeting the Year 3 benchmarks for each purpose.

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October 2004 WCPSS Outcomes Summary for 2003-04, With an Emphasis on Achievement Gap Status Baenen, Nancy
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

22 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has seen positive changes in patterns of achievement and dropout rates over the past several years overall and by subgroup. The most positive one-year subgroup changes related to dropout rates for Black students and Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for minority, low-income, and limited English proficient (LEP) students. However, many achievement gaps remain, and the system continues to work towards optimal achievement for all students and closing achievement gaps.

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August 2004 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results for 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

21 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Average scale scores rose in five of eight subject areas, and the percentage of students scoring in the proficient range (Level III or IV) reached new highs in four subjects: Algebra I, Algebra II, chemistry, and physics. More than 85% of students scored at Level III or IV in five subjects: Algebra I, Algebra II, English I, chemistry, and physics. The lowest percentage at Level III or IV was in physical science (65.8%); however, physical science showed the largest improvement from the previous year, rising more than four percentage points. The composite percentage of all EOC test scores at Level III or IV rose from 83.1% in 2002-03 to 83.2% for the eight courses tested in 2003-04.

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August 2004 North Carolina ABC Results: 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck

29 View Abstract

North Carolina's 2003-04 ABCs accountability results showed that, for the first time, more than half (64) of the Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) schools were designated as Honor School of Excellence or School of Excellence and another 35 were designated as School of Distinction. The 79% of WCPSS schools receiving one of these designations was much higher than the 56% of schools statewide. High Growth was achieved by 46% of WCPSS schools compared to 35% of schools statewide. This was a decline for both the district and the state from 2003 when the percentages were 75% and 72% respectively. Expected Growth was achieved by 38% of WCPSS schools and 40% of schools statewide. Districtwide, the Performance Composite rose to 92.1% for grades 3-5, 88.9% for grades 6-8, and 82.8% for grades 9-12.

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May 2004 Partnership for Educational Success 2002-03: Implementation and Outcomes Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

16 View Abstract

The Partnership for Educational Success (PES) is a collaboration between the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) and Wake County Human Services. The primary goal of PES is for the agencies to work together to help students achieve grade-level performance. PES provides family-centered services to at-risk students and their families. In 2002-03 PES provided services to 269 at-risk students and their families. PES-funded staff also supported non-PES families, but no data was collected regarding these families. In 2002-03, over half of PES students scored at or above grade level before PES participation. These students may have been siblings of the primary referred students, who did score below grade level, although corroborative information is not available. Teacher survey data indicated that PES families are more involved with the school after PES participation. Test score outcomes of students in grades K-8 were inconclusive; results are similar to free and reduced-price lunch eligible students (FRL) as a whole. More data are necessary to provide a clear picture of the success of PES in meeting its academic goals.

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April 2004 From Complacency to Excellence Through School District Reform: A Case Study of the WCPSS Banks, Karen

52 View Abstract

WCPSS has made some notable positive changes in achievement, graduation, and other outcomes over the last few years. This document summarizes trends over time in outcomes and district efforts which likely contributed.

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January 2004 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2001-02 Dulaney, Chuck
Gilleland, Kevin

22 View Abstract

Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2001-02

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January 2004 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results for 2003-04 Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

39 View Abstract

The percentage of reading and math tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores fell slightly in 2004 to 91.1% from 91.3% in 2003. However, the percentage of students scoring in Level IV remained stable at 60.4%. The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV was slightly higher in Math (92.1%) than in Reading (90.0%). Average reading scale scores showed slight declines at all grade levels except grade 5, while average math scale scores rose slightly in grades 4, 5, 6, and 7 and fell slightly in grades 3 and 8. Disaggregation of scores by race/ethnicity showed a small decline (down about two percentage points) in the percentage of Hispanic scores on grade level in both reading and math, a small rise (less than one point) for Asian and Black students in both reading and math, and mixed results for White and Multi-ethnic groups. Students from low-income families and students with disabilities showed small improvements in both reading and math.

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November 2003 Wake County Public School System Outcomes Summary for the 2002-03 School Year Baenen, Nancy
Dulaney, Chuck

18 View Abstract

Overall, the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has seen positive changes in patterns of achievement and dropout rates over the last several years. However, the system continues to work towards optimal achievement for all students, closing achievement gaps, and improving Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) results. Each of the sections that follow cites key findings from reports produced by the Evaluation and Research Department (E&R) during the 2002-03 school year or from reports currently in progress that will analyze student outcomes from 2002-03. Subsequent pages contain figures illustrating some of the key findings.

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October 2003 North Carolina ABC Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

12 View Abstract

The percentage of WCPSS schools meeting either high growth or expected growth standards reached a new high of 97% in 2002-03. Elementary schools performed the best, with 89% achieving high growth. No elementary or high school failed to meet expected growth standards.

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October 2003 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant Final Report 1999-2003 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

51 View Abstract

The Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant (SS/HS) was a three-year grant sponsored by a collaboration between the federal Departments of Health and Human Services, Juvenile Justice, and Education. The SS/HS Grant improved collaboration and communication across community agencies. During the grant period perceptions of safety improved among WCPSS students and staff, and juvenile arrests for violence and substance abuse decreased. However, school crime and violence rates, suspensions, and security violations did not decrease as hoped. Many SS/HS funded programs showed promising results, especially Teen Court (increased participation and decreased suspensions for participants) and NovaNET (80% of courses students attempted were completed successfully). Overall, SS/HS provided resources for community change, and new ideas for addressing school safety in the future.

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September 2003 2002-03 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

22 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2002-03 showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Average scale scores rose in six out of ten subject areas, and the percentage of students scoring in the proficient range (Level III or Level IV) reached new highs in five out of ten subjects.

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July 2003 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

40 View Abstract

For the first time in the WCPSS history, the percentage of all EOG exam scores at or above grade level (Level III or IV) surpassed 90% in 2003. The composite percentage, which includes reading and math scores for all grade 3-8 students, rose from 89.4% in 2002 to 91.3% this year.

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May 2003 Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System: A Study of the 1995 9TH-Grade Cohort Haynie, Glenda
Johnson, Stephen
Scudder, David

19 View Abstract

A study of 5,226 first-time 1995 9th-grade students found their overall graduation rate was 77%. Female students (80%) were more likely to graduate than male students (69%). Asian (83%) and White (83%) were more likely to graduate than Black (60%) and Hispanic/Latino students (68%). Black males were least likely to graduate (53%).

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May 2003 High School Support to Meet Graduation Requirements 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy

20 View Abstract

Overall, 2,422 high school students who were at risk of not graduating received some instructional assistance in 2001-02. However, the number of students who might struggle with one or more graduation requirements was high (7,810), and many were not identified as receiving instructional support beyond their regular classes. Compared to state ABC standards, those who received support showed high growth between spring 2001 and 2002. A two-year follow-up of students who had not passed the Minimum Competency requirement in spring 2000 reveals close to 60% of those still in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) were able to meet this requirement by spring 2002. However, the percentage able to attain grade level scores between spring 2001 and 2002 was similar (23-28%) regardless of whether they received instructional assistance.

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May 2003 Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant Year 4 Mid-Year Performance Report Project Status October 1, 2002 - April 30, 2003 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

6 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) is currently in the extension year, or Year 4, of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students grant. This report outlines the activities continued in the extension year, and a status report on each activity for the first part of Year 4.

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February 2003 NovaNET Student Outcomes 2001-2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

23 View Abstract

In the 2001-02 school year, NovaNET students earned significantly higher GPAs and fewer F's than before participating in NovaNET. NovaNET students did not show significantly greater gains than students in a comparison group that had similar demographic and academic characteristics; however, analyses revealed that the two groups varied somewhat in terms of prior suspensions, so results should be interpreted with caution. Some schools had much greater participation and student success than others. Strategies used by successful NovaNET programs include individualizing coursework; supplemental counseling and behavior modification; selecting the most appropriate students; requiring students to sign a contract promising to complete the course; and giving offline assignments to supplement NovaNET. Extending successful school practices to all schools could increase overall program impact.

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February 2003 Project Achieve Evaluation Report: Year One, 2001-2002 Speas, Carol

71 View Abstract

This is an evaluation of the pilot year of Project Achieve, a major local instructional initiative at six elementary schools and two middle schools to help reach the WCPSS goal of 95% of students at or above grade level. Participating schools had a higher percentage of low-income students and low-achieving students and slightly less stable student populations than the district as a whole. The initiative is based on the same principles and instructional process applied in the Brazosport, Texas school district, with modifications tailored to local needs and based on the NC Standard Course of Study. Project training and development did occur as planned from early 2001 to implementation in the 2001-02 school year. Participating schools did exceed ABCs growth and performance standards of the previous (baseline) year, as evidenced by annual NC ABCs Accountability System reports. Additionally, parents and staff expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in participating schools.

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September 2002 2001-2002 End-of-Course Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

16 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2001- 2002 showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Both mean scale scores and the percentage of students scoring at Level III or Level IV reached new highs in eight out of ten subject areas.

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September 2002 2001-2002 North Carolina ABC Results Dulaney, Chuck
Kaase, Kristopher
Regan, Roger

16 View Abstract

For all WCPSS schools: 55% achieved high growth; 33% achieved expected growth but did not reach high growth; 12% did not meet expected growth but showed adequate performance

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July 2002 2001-2002 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

34 View Abstract

WCPSS EOG multiple-choice results for 2001- 2002 show increases at all grade levels in both reading and math. Both the percentage of students scoring at or above grade level and average scale scores reached new highs.

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July 2002 Annual Performance Report 2001-2002 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

123 View Abstract

In 2001-02, WCPSS Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) grant began implementation for three schools in the project and planned for two others. Schools in their first implementation year were: Joyner Elementary School, Language Explorations Millbrook Elementary School, International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme Powell Elementary School ,Visual and Performing Arts Schools in their planning year included Brooks Elementary School ( Museums), and Moore Square Middle School ( Museums). Objective accomplishment as of the end of year 1 is described.

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June 2002 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results 2001-2002 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

20 View Abstract

Both fourth-grade and seventh-grade writing assessment scores declined in 2002 in WCPSS. The percentage of fourth-grade students who scored at or above 2.5 dropped 23.8 percentage points from 78.1 in 2001 to 54.3 in 2002. Seventh-grade scores dropped 13.8 percentage points from 77.5 in 2001 to 63.7 in 2002

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June 2002 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Three - Mid-Year Performance Report October 1, 2001 - May 31, 2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2
Overbay, Amy

41 View Abstract

The Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students (SS/HS) Project was a three-year federal cooperative effort sponsored by the Department of Education, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the Department of Health and Human Services. This report focuses on year 3 results. While all students were impacted indirectly, 3,315 individual students were served directly by SS/HS intervention programs, and 16,100 students participated in group prevention activities; SS/HS disproportionately served the higher risk students in the system directly as intended. The grant had many positive benefits in Year 3. A safe school environment was promoted by security system installation, and use of the WAVE Line. Alcohol, drug, and violence prevention and early intervention programs were promoted through a Communities in Schools (CIS/CLP) mentoring program, which had a positive effect on student achievement. Teen Court expanded the number of youth served, as well as the range of programs available for those youth. In terms of school and community mental health preventive and treatment intervention services, Children of Substance Abuse (COSA) groups drastically reduced the number of students reporting that they would use violence in the future. The preschool Second Step program resulted in teachers spending less time disciplining students. Five different curricula related to SS/HS reached over 15,000 WCPSS students. NovaNET improved students' ability to pass courses and get back on track to graduation.

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May 2002 Gaps in Academic Achievement: WCPSS Status 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

49 View Abstract

This report examines students' academic success in WCPSS based on outcomes such as achievement test scores, dropout rates, and course enrollments. Gaps have been evident in the achievement of students with different backgrounds and characteristics for decades. These gaps in achievement are one of the biggest challenges facing educators across the country. In some areas, the gaps in student outcomes in WCPSS have narrowed over time.

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April 2002 Annual Progress Report on Students who Drop Out 2000-2001 Gilleland, Kevin
Kaase, Kristopher

72 View Abstract

The overall dropout rate continued to decline in 2000-01 for the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). The grades 7-12 dropout rate was 2.4 percent, the lowest since the state of North Carolina and the WCPSS began reporting dropouts in 1992, using federal standards. Since 1994-95 the gap between the grades 7-12 dropout rates for Black students and White students has decreased from 4.3 to 2.1 percentage points. The largest number of dropouts has always occurred at the high school level. Of the 1,038 dropouts in the WCPSS for 2000-01, 1,024 (98.7%) were in grades 9-12. The WCPSS high school dropout rate decreased from 5.5% in 1995-96 to 3.7% in 2000-01 (see Figure 1). The WCPSS high school dropout has been lower than the rate for North Carolina and paralleled the trend of a decreasing rate of dropouts since the state began reporting high school dropout rates in 1998-99.

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February 2002 NovaNET 2000-2001: Analyses of Student Outcomes Relative to a Comparison Group Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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NovaNET is an on-line computerized instructional system that provides students with self-paced instruction for many North Carolina high school courses. This evaluation looks at outcomes for students participating in the NovaNET program and compares them with outcomes for a group of students with similar characteristics who did not participate in NovaNET. The primary positive finding was that the number of failing grades decreased significantly for students who participated in NovaNET, while a slight increase occurred for matched students. The GPA for NovaNET students showed a significant increase, but the comparison group increased about the same amount (difference between increases were not significant). NovaNET appeared to have more of a positive impact on math and social studies course grades than on English and science course grades. The pass rate for NovaNET science courses was only 50%. NovaNET did not appear to impact suspensions in 2000-2001; rates for NovaNET and matched students were statistically similar. NovaNET students were more likely to drop out of school in 2000-2001 than the comparison students who had a lower dropout rate than WCPSS overall; the change in drop-out rates should be examined again over the next few years. Overall, NovaNET seems to help students pass classes. However, more specific findings are difficult to obtain due to the newness of the program, and the difficulty of creating an accurately matched comparison group.

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February 2002 The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) 2000-01: Student Participation and Effectiveness Baenen, Nancy
Lindblad, Mark
Yaman, Kimberly

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The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) is the major initiative that the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) is using to help all students reach grade level performance in reading and math. In 2000-01, ALP's second year of implementation, the program expanded from grades 3-8 to K-12. This report focuses on student participation rates and the impact of the ALP program.

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January 2002 Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8 2000-2001 Kaase, Kristopher

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Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8 2000-2001

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November 2001 2000-2001 North Carolina ABC Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

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2000-2001 North Carolina ABC Results

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November 2001 The Effectiveness of the Wake Summerbridge Summer Enrichment Program Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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Wake Summerbridge is an enrichment program that has supported selected WCPSS middle school students for a number of years. This evaluation compared subsequent academic performance, suspensions and dropout rates of students who had participated in the program with a comparison group of students with similar characteristics who did not participate in the program. The main positive finding was that dropout rates were much lower for Summerbridge students than for the comparison group (1% versus 13%). Achievement scores and grade point averages showed a slight but consistent advantage in absolute terms for Summerbridge students over the comparison group. The differences were not statistically significant, although they may have some educational significance. The percentage of students receiving F's and suspension rates actually favored the comparison group. However, the higher dropout rate among comparison students may account for the lower number of F's earned by this group. Some cautions must be kept in mind when interpreting these findings. Sample sizes were relatively small which makes statistical significance more difficult to detect (about 80 per group). Groups could differ in ways that could not be determined from school system data files (e.g., attitude toward school, rigor of course selections, middle versus higher income status). Given the results, the cost of providing the service should also be considered in decisions about future funding.

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August 2001 2000-2001 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice and English II Testing Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

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End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2000-2001 showed generally positive results when compared to 1999-2000 data. WCPSS students showed gains in seven subject areas and no change in three subject areas on the multiple-choice tests. No multiple-choice test showed a decline in average score. On the English II writing test, 63.0% of WCPSS students showed proficiency in writing in 2001, up 4.9 percentage points from 58.1% proficient in 2000.

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July 2001 Annual Performance Report 2000-2001 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

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Innovations begun in Year 1 were strengthened and expanded in Year 2 and fully developed by Year 3. Project activities have enhanced the magnet schools in ways that will attract and benefit students in the coming years. The CBALC's accelerated learning program has provided students with tools to support academic success in the future. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving each objective. Each MSAP purpose is listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments in meeting the Year 3 benchmarks for that purpose.

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May 2001 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Two - Mid-Year Performance Report October 1, 2000 - March 31, 2001 Reichstetter, Rosemary

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Evidence exists of positive progress toward meeting interim benchmarks as the project works toward achieving its major goals. In almost all instances where concerns were noted, appropriate corrective actions are in place or in process. SS/HS staff, partners and contacts meet regularly as appropriate to review progress and receive project updates.

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February 2001 Annual Progress Report on Students who Drop Out 1999-2000 Baenen, Nancy
Carwile, Stephanie
Kitts, Doris
Knott, Donna
Scudder, David

55 View Abstract

The high school dropout rate during 1999-2000 in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) was 4.1 percent (2.7% for grades 7-12), the lowest since the start of annual reporting by WCPSS. The WCPSS dropout rate has steadily declined from 1994 to 2000, as displayed in Figure 1. The decline was interrupted in the 1998-1999 school year, the year that students going directly to junior or community college GED programs began to be included as dropouts. The decline resumed during the 1999-2000 school year. The decrease in the WCPSS dropout rate corresponded to a similar decrease in dropouts reported across the state.

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January 2001 1999-2000 WCPSS Grades K-5 Literacy and Mathematics Assessment Results Speas, Carol

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More kindergarten students in 2000 (37%) than in 1999 (29%) were beyond the early emergent/emergent reading stage by the end of the year. Nonetheless, almost one-fourth of both kindergarten and first-grade students, and one-third of second-grade students, were identified as needing extra reading support at the next grade level because they were behind the majority of students in the acquisition of reading skills. In contrast, fewer grade 2 students (18%) and grade 3 students (9%) were identified as needing extra support in writing. As for mathematics performance, slightly fewer kindergarten students in 2000 (11%) than in 1999 (12%) remained at the pre-emergent stage of mathematics development and were identified as needing extra support in the next school year. However, the percent of grades 1-5 students demonstrating proficiency in none of the mathematics strands or in only one of the four strands ranged from 13% at first grade to 22% at grades 3-5.

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November 2000 1999-2000 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice and English II Testing Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck
Gilleland, Kevin

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End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 1999-2000 showed mixed results when compared to 1998-99 data. WCPSS students showed gains in six subject areas and slight decreases in four subject areas on the multiple choice tests. On the English II writing test, 58.1% of WCPSS students showed proficiency in writing in 2000, down 11 percentage points from 69.1% proficient in 1999.

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September 2000 1999-2000 North Carolina ABC Results Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

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1999-2000 North Carolina ABC Results

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August 2000 1999-2000 End-of-Grade Multiple Choice Test Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

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1999-2000 End-of-Grade Multiple Choice Test Results

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August 2000 Is Summer School Effective for Remediation in Algebra I? Baenen, Nancy
Lloyd, Wanda

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For students who failed Algebra in 1994-95, repeating the course in summer school was as effective as repeating the course the next school year in improving students' knowledge. End-of-Course test scores improved for both groups (with no significant differences between the groups), and students who took the course during summer school were more likely to pass than those repeating the course during the regular school year.

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February 2000 Dropout Report 1998-1999 Gilleland, Kevin
Howard, Daniel

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The 1998-99 duplicated dropout rate is the percent of first-time dropouts (those who dropped out for the first time in 1998-99) and previous year dropouts (those who dropped out before 1998-99, returned to school in 1998-99, and dropped out again). There had been a steady decline in the WCPSS dropout rate for grades 7-12 from 1993-94 to 1997-98. However, the percentage of WCPSS dropouts increased between 1997-98 and 1998-99. The WCPSS dropout increase also corresponded to a dramatic increase in dropouts reported across the state. (Figure 1). These increases may be due to a rule change in the assessment of dropout rates which now reports students who transfer to community colleges to receive their GED as dropouts. In the past, these students were referred to as transfers.

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November 1999 Dropout Report 1997-1998 Gilleland, Kevin
Howard, Daniel

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Dropout Report 1997-1998

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August 1999 1998-99 ABCs Results Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

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1998-99 ABCs Results

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August 1998 End of Course Testing Results: 1997-98 Dulaney, Chuck
Gay Fejoku, Caroline

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End of Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System in 1997-98 showed small improvements over 1996-97, with average scores slightly higher on all nine EOC multiple choice tests. In contrast, the percentage of students scoring at least 3.0 on a six point scale on the English II Writing test declined from 64.7% to 53.1%.

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