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Published Document Title Authors Pages Abstract
June 2019 Socioeconomic-Based School Assignment Policy and Racial Segregation Levels: Evidence From the Wake County Public School System Bell, Elizabeth
Carlson, Deven
Lenard, Matthew

1 View Abstract

In the wake of political and legal challenges facing race-based integration, districts have turned to socioeconomic integration initiatives in an attempt to achieve greater racial balance across schools. Empirically, the extent to which these initiatives generate such balance is an open question. In this article, we leverage the school assignment system that the Wake County Public School System employed throughout the 2000s to provide evidence on this issue. Although our results show that Wake County Public School System’s socioeconomic-based assignment policy had negligible effects on average levels of segregation across the district, it substantially reduced racial segregation for students who would have attended majority-minority schools under a residence-based assignment policy. The policy also exposed these students to peers with different racial/ethnic backgrounds, higher mean achievement levels, and more advantaged neighborhood contexts. We explore how residential context and details of the policy interacted to produce this pattern of effects and close the article by discussing the implications of our results for research and policy.

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April 2019 Elementary Support Model Implementation and Outcomes: 2014-15 to 2017-18 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie
Paeplow, Colleen
Scrimgeour, Meghan
Singh, Malkeet

28 View Abstract

The Elementary Support Model (ESM) was implemented in Wake County Public School System’s (WCPSS) 12 lowest performing elementary schools. ESM is designed to improve teacher and student outcomes by addressing governance, staffing, professional development, resources, calendar and schedule, and provides leadership and instructional coaching. Qualitative methods were used to assess implementation and a quasi-experimental design was utilized to examine ESM’s intermediate and long-term outcomes. The implementation of ESM in WCPSS was strong. ESM was also successful in meeting, or mostly meeting, its short-term goals related to professional development, coaching, and governance. Results related to intermediate and long-term goals were mixed. Three areas of strength were principal support to teachers, reduction of beginning teachers, and increases in the number of ESM schools meeting EVAAS growth; however, additional goals related to student outcomes were either only partially met or not met. Recommendations focus on strengthening implementation and continuing to monitor progress toward reaching program goals.

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February 2019 WCPSS High School Graduation Rates by Gender and Race over 10 Years: 2009-2018 Regan, Roger

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Wake County Public School's (WCPSS) strategic plan “Vision 2020” set a district goal of annually graduating at least 95% of its students ready for productive citizenship as well as higher education or a career. In 2018, for the sixth year in a row, the district’s four-year cohort graduation rate rose again. Over the past 10 years, WCPSS’ graduation rate has increased over 10 percentage points, from 78.4% in 2009 to 89.1% in 2018. Impressive gains have been made by most student subgroups, and have led to a narrowing of the graduation gap between subgroups. For example, gaps between White and Hispanic/Latino students and White and Black students are now half of what they were in 2009, with the largest increases in graduation rates shown by Hispanic/Latino male and female students.

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January 2019 Multi-Tiered System of Support, 2016-17 to 2017-18 Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina
Singh, Malkeet

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The Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) framework, which uses a systems approach to promote school improvement and support all students in improving academics and behavior using data-based problem-solving, is a key part of the Wake County Public Schools System (WCPSS) Strategic Plan. As of 2017-18, MTSS schools were at the initial stages of MTSS implementation and showed no significant improvement in Grades 3 and 8 reading proficiency, overall achievement, or Education Value-Added Assessment System (EVAAS) growth ratings that could be attributed to MTSS implementation. Suspension rates and eligibility for special education in high incidence categories were not yet a focus for the practices or professional learning and were also not positively affected by MTSS. However, a higher percentage of teachers in treatment than control elementary schools reported that MTSS positively affected student achievement in their schools. Additionally, MTSS had a positive effect on Hispanic/Latino students’ 2017-18 graduation rates and on reduction of their special education eligibility rates at elementary schools. The initial results suggest that MTSS should remain a district priority with an ongoing leadership support, expanded focus on tiered supports and on the behavioral component of MTSS.

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December 2018 How Do Students Feel About Their Schools? WCPSS Student Survey Results: 2017-18 Huang, Haigen

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The WCPSS Student Survey is administered each year to measure students’ perceptions about their learning experiences. Over 24,000 students in grades 5, 8, and 9 responded to the 51-item survey in the spring of 2018. Results by grade were very similar to 2017 survey results. The majority of students had positive perceptions of their schools and teachers, were hopeful about their future, felt supported by their family, and had friends at school. Rates of agreement declined from 5th grade to 9th grade, particularly in response to items about Control and Relevance of School Work. Additionally, for many survey items there were moderate to large differences (more than five percentage points) across racial/ethnic subgroups.

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November 2018 Measuring Critical Thinking Skills in WCPSS: An Update with 2017-18 Data Huang, Haigen

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How well are WCPSS students prepared for problem-solving, scientific reasoning, and critical thinking? Are WCPSS' 15-year-olds able to apply what they have learned to unfamiliar settings? PISA and CWRA+ assessments give us a glimpse of how WCPSS students are doing compared to national and international benchmarks. PISA: In 2018, a sample of WCPSS students in 5 high schools out-performed both the U.S. national and international students in each core subject (science, math, and reading). CWRA+: In Spring 2018, 1,570 WCPSS high school juniors participated in the CWRA+ assessments. CWRA+ measures students' skills in problem-solving, scientific reasoning, and critical thinking. Overall, 51% of WCPSS students performed at either "proficient, accomplished, or advanced" levels.

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October 2018 The Development of Students’ Engagement in School, Community and Democracy Gibson-Davis, Christina
Hill, Darryl
Hillygus, Sunshine
Holbein, John
Lenard, Matthew

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This article explores the origins of youth engagement in school, community and democracy. Specifically, it considers the role of psychosocial or non-cognitive abilities, like grit or perseverance. Using a novel original large-scale longitudinal survey of students linked to school administrative records and a variety of modeling techniques – including sibling, twin and individual fixed effects – the study finds that psychosocial abilities are a strong predictor of youth civic engagement. Gritty students miss less class time and are more engaged in their schools, are more politically efficacious, are more likely to intend to vote when they become eligible, and volunteer more. Our work highlights the value of psychosocial attributes in the political socialization of young people.

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September 2018 Optimal Multilevel Matching Using Network Flows: An Application to a Summer Reading Intervention Keele, Luke
Lenard, Matthew
Page, Lindsay
Pimentel, Samuel

1 View Abstract

Many observational studies of causal effects occur in settings with clustered treatment assignment. In studies of this type, treatment is applied to entire clusters of units. For example, an educational intervention might be administered to all the students in a school. We develop a matching algorithm for multilevel data based on a network flow algorithm. Earlier work on multilevel matching relied on integer programming, which allows for balance targeting on specific covariates but can be slow with larger data sets. Although we cannot directly specify minimal levels of balance for individual covariates, our algorithm is fast and scales easily to larger data sets. We apply this algorithm to assess a school-based intervention through which students in treated schools were exposed to a new reading program during summer school. In one variant of the algorithm, where we match both schools and students, we change the causal estimand through optimal subset matching to better maintain common support. In a second variant, we relax the common support assumption to preserve the causal estimand by only matching on schools. We find that the summer intervention does not appear to increase reading test scores. In a sensitivity analysis, however, we determine that an unobserved confounder could easily mask a larger treatment effect.

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August 2018 Building Bridges to Life after High School: Contemporary Career Academies and Student Outcomes Hemelt, Steven
Lenard, Matthew
Paeplow, Colleen

59 View Abstract

Career academies serve an increasingly wide range of students. This paper examines the contemporary profile of students entering career academies in a large, diverse school district and estimates causal effects of participation in one of the district’s well-regarded academies on a range of high school and college outcomes. Exploiting the lottery-based admissions process of this technology-focused academy, we find that academy enrollment increases the likelihood of high school graduation by about 8 percentage points and boosts rates of college enrollment for males but not females. Analysis of intermediate outcomes suggests that effects on attendance and industry-relevant certification at least partially mediate the overall high school graduation effect.

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April 2018 Maturity and Minorities: The Impact of Redshirting on Achievement Gaps Lenard, Matthew
Pena, Pablo

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There are sizable and pervasive academic achievement gaps between minority and non-minority students in the United States. Non-minority students – particularly boys – are more likely to enroll in school one year after they become eligible, a practice known as ‘redshirting.’ Consequently, non-minority students are on average more mature than minority students when they take standardized tests. Many studies have documented that differences in maturity at the moment of testing translate into large differences in test scores. Thus, differences in redshirting behavior across minority and non-minority students may be a contributing factor to achievement gaps. This study analyzes the effect of redshirting on achievement gaps using a reform in North Carolina that shifted the cutoff date for school eligibility in 2009 from October 16 to August 31. We use the reform to create an instrumental variable for redshirting behavior. Using data for eight cohorts of 3rd graders in the Wake County Public School System and a difference-in-differences approach, we estimate that redshirting increases the achievement gap by 28%–30% among boys born close to the cutoff date for school eligibility, and 3%–4% among all boys. For girls, the estimates are 8%–11% for those born close to the cutoff and 1% overall, but these estimates lack statistical significance. We discuss some policy implications of shifting the cutoff date for school eligibility – 14 states have done since 2000 – and growing redshirting rates.

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March 2018 How Do Students Feel About Their Schools? WCPSS Student Survey Results, 2016-17 Huang, Haigen

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The WCPSS Student Survey is administered each year to measure students’ perceptions about their learning experiences. Over 28,000 students in grades 5, 8, and 9 responded to the 50-item survey in the spring of 2017. Results by grade were very similar to 2016 survey results. The majority of students had positive perceptions of their schools and teachers, were hopeful about their future, felt supported by their family, and had friends at school. Rates of agreement declined from 5th grade to 9th grade, particularly in response to items about Control and Relevance of School Work.

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February 2018 Financial Literacy in WCPSS Huang, Haigen
Lenard, Matthew

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In the spring of 2016 and 2017, over 3,600 high school juniors were administered a brief survey commonly used to measure financial literacy among adults across the US. The district administered this survey because education stakeholders have become increasingly interested in—and concerned about—the financial literacy of students as a component of readiness for college, career and citizenship. Results showed that male students demonstrated greater financial literacy than female students. Also, Asian and White students exhibited rates of financial literacy roughly double those of their Black and Hispanic/Latino counterparts. When considering a number of factors together, Academically or Intellectually Gifted (AIG) status, being male, and meeting college/career readiness benchmarks in 8th grade math were the strongest predictors of financial literacy. The results suggest that WCPSS should explore interventions that can help close these gaps to ensure that all students leave high school with a solid foundation in financial literacy.

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October 2017 Academically Gifted Co-Teaching in the Wake County Public School System: Implementation, Perceptions and Achievement Lenard, Matthew
Townsend, Megan

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Following the recommendations of a 2013 instructional audit, the Academically or Intellectually Gifted department implemented a co-teaching instructional strategy in 41 volunteer schools starting in the 2014-15 school year. Implementation data and discussions with central office staff suggest that while implementation fidelity was relatively strong in the first year, it declined in 2015-16. Still, the first year of implementation offered evidence to guide any future co-teaching implementation. First, the “one teach, one assist” method of co-teaching was most frequently observed, suggesting that co-teachers may have defaulted to one of the less optimal instructional strategies under the model. Second, AIG teachers and co-teachers perceived the initiative similarly but differed on a few particularly meaningful survey items pertaining to the perceptions and role of the specialist. Third, AIG students and non-AIG students in co-taught classrooms were similarly engaged. Finally, students in co-taught classrooms significantly outperformed their non-co-taught peers in science, but not in math or reading.

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June 2017 Math Acceleration in WCPSS Elementary and Middle Schools: Implementation and Impact Lenard, Matthew

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Since 2014, the Wake County Public School System has implemented single subject acceleration (SSA) as a way to provide students with access to advanced mathematics courses. This report includes three main findings related to the implementation and impact of SSA. First, a disproportionally large percentage of male, Asian and academically/intellectually gifted students were nominated, qualified and accelerated compared with their female, Black and Hispanic/Latino counterparts. Second, roughly two-thirds of students who qualified for SSA in mathematics actually proceeded to take the accelerated course. Third, near the qualifying cutoff score, accelerated students performed similarly to their non-accelerated counterparts, suggesting that SSA had no significant achievement effects—positive or negative—for students who were accelerated. We recommend that staff expand the visibility of SSA in order to inform more diverse populations, identify potential causes of non-acceleration among qualifiers, explore options for assessing content-level mastery, and maintain the 80% qualifying CASE score for SSA mathematics.

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May 2017 Teacher Leader Corps (TLC) Final Report: 2013-14 through 2015-16 Baenen, Nancy
Simmons, Brandon

89 View Abstract

The Teacher Leaders Corps had many strengths and was fairly successful in reaching its implementation and short-term goals. Central training quality was considered strong and attendance rates were high (especially in Years 1 and 2). Of those who began the TLC work in 2013-14, approximately 60% participated all three years. At the school level, about half of the intended dissemination events took place. Professional learning sessions emphasized use of various digital resources. Discovery Education resources were available to all schools and provided evidence that online resources were utilized by teachers and students. DE utilization was higher in Year 1 than in Year 2 or 3; and teachers utilized DE more than students. Decreased use of DE after Year 1 could reflect less interest or an increase in digital resources available to schools. TLC members utilized technology appropriately and in a variety of ways based on classroom observations. The school team model utilized in TLC provided a better opportunity for sustaining the effort than training sessions with no follow-up. Ways to further increase the likelihood of implementation, impact, and sustainability in schools include putting structures in place at the central and school level to facilitate and monitor teacher implementation and to provide more coaching for teachers.

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April 2017 Communities in Schools Graduation Coaches in WCPSS, 2015-16 Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

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This is the third and final of a series of evaluation reports the Data, Research, and Accountability (DRA) Department has conducted on the Communities In Schools (CIS) Graduation Coach program within the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). In 2015-16, Graduation Coaches served approximately 600 students across eight WCPSS elementary, middle, and high schools. Of these program participants, 62% met the selection criteria for attendance, behavior, and/or academic areas of need which were established by WCPSS and CIS Wake staff for students. Students were most often served for academic reasons. Within all areas, students who met the selection criteria were more likely to meet the corresponding goals compared to students who did not meet the criteria. However, results also show that program students who met the selection criteria had similar outcomes to students who also met the selection criteria yet were not served by Graduation Coaches. Thus, effectiveness of the program’s services was not evident. The program is funded by the district at $350,000 annually. Should WCPSS continue this program, DRA offers the following recommendations: 1) broaden the behavior selection criteria and serve students who meet the attendance, behavior, and/or academic criteria; 2) provide services that are more intensive and directly related to students’ needs; and 3) improve the tracking of service-delivery data.

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April 2017 Effective Teaching Framework (ETF): 2015-16 Baenen, Nancy
Jackl, Andrew
Regan, Roger

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The Effective Teaching Framework (ETF) initiative was designed to provide a common language and lens for understanding the skills, strategies, and resources needed for teachers and school leaders to create an optimal learning environment for all students. ETF training consisted of six full days of training for principals, assistant principals (APs), and selected Central Services staff, as well as an abridged version (24 hours) for Instructional Resource Teachers (IRTs). Beginning and mentor teachers also received some training. Training was provided to all cohorts as planned. Generally, the training sessions were well-attended and highly-rated by the participants; in 2015-16, 92.7% agreed it helped them become more effective in their roles. The trainings were supplemented by an ETF website that provided a wide range of online resources. However, the website was underutilized, with only 26.3% of teachers indicating that they used the website to improve their teaching. In most cases, implementation of ETF was limited to individuals applying their learning to classroom observations and teacher evaluations. Based on focus group interviews with APs, barriers to school-wide ETF efforts included: a) confusion about expectations for orchestrating an ETF “rollout” at their schools, b) lack of communication and follow-up from Central Services staff, c) leadership changes, d) lack of communal training and planning time among the schools’ administrative teams, and e) lack of grassroots support for the initiative at the school level. While training quality was high, building stronger buy-in before implementation, communicating clearer expectations, and implementing structures to support long-lasting roll-outs at the school level are recommended.

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April 2017 Measuring Critical Thinking Skills in WCPSS Huang, Haigen

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How well are Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) students prepared for problem-solving, scientific reasoning, and critical thinking? (a) WCPSS schools out-performed both the U.S., national, and international averages in each core subject of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA): mathematics, reading, and science. (b) Overall, 60% of WCPSS high school students in 2016 performed at a proficient level or above in problem-solving, scientific reasoning, and critical thinking in the College and Work Readiness Assessment (CWRA+). WCPSS juniors’ overall performance in CWRA+ was near the middle point between the averages of freshmen and seniors in the national CWRA+ sample. However, the WCPSS scores on the performance task and selected-response items diverged.

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April 2017 Building Bridges in High School and Beyond: The Impacts of Apex High School's Academy of Information Technology Lenard, Matthew
Paeplow, Colleen

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Apex High School’s Academy of Information Technology (AOIT), launched in 2001, is one of the nation’s most highly regarded career academies. Despite its strong reputation, we know very little about the impact of AOIT on student outcomes. To measure these causal impacts, we leveraged the fact that AOIT has admitted students through a lottery, which creates “treatment” and “control” groups that are similar and have outcomes that we can compare. Results show that gaining admittance to AOIT and subsequently enrolling increases high school graduation and college enrollment rates by about 8 percentage points, with the attainment gains concentrated among male students. We also found that academy participation reduced 9th grade absences and participation in the concentrated curriculum did not reduce the likelihood of taking Advanced Placement (AP) courses or performance on the AP exams.

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December 2016 Using WCPSS Student Survey Data to Improve Outcomes Muli, Juliana
Stephens, Sonya

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The student survey video was created as a tool to help individuals gain a greater understanding of the following key elements measured by the WCPSS Student Survey: (a) Teacher-student relationships (b) Rigor (c) Control and Relevance of student work (d) Peer support for learning (e) Future goals (f) Civic engagement (g) Family support (h) Grit In the video, staff explain the importance of gathering data on the perceptions of students about their learning experiences which is a reliable indicator of how well students perform in school (Harvard University, 2015, see full article). The more students are engaged the motivation they have to learn and progress in their education is enhanced.

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December 2016 WCPSS Student Survey Results: 2015-16 Regan, Roger
Townsend, Megan

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The WCPSS Student Survey is administered each year to measure students’ perceptions about their learning experiences. Over 30,000 students in grades 5, 8, and 9 responded to the 50-item survey in the spring of 2016. Results by grade and subgroup were very similar to 2015 survey results. The vast majority of students had positive perceptions of their schools and teachers, were hopeful about their future, felt supported by their family, and had friends at school. Rates of agreement declined from 5th grade to 9th grade, particularly in response to items about Control and Relevance of School Work. Significant differences in response patterns among subgroups were identified on some survey items, and the responses of proficient and non-proficient students differed significantly on some items as well.

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September 2016 Playworks in the Wake County Public School System, 2014-15 and 2015-16 Adams, Elizabeth
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina
Rhea, Anisa

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This quasi-experimental study used multiple data sources to examine Playworks implementation and outcomes across two school years (2014-15 and 2015-16) at six WCPSS elementary schools. Differences in outcomes between Playworks and matched-comparison schools were examined. Similar to other national studies (Beeker et al., 2012; Fortson et al., 2013), the findings of impact are mixed. Coaches implemented program elements with fidelity, yet WCPSS encountered coach turnover as well as inconsistent teacher training and lower engagement with students at recess than desired. Significant differences found in the recess structures and activities between Playworks and traditional schools did not translate into positive impacts on student behavior or school climate. Prior to adopting new initiatives, WCPSS should consider the following: 1) carefully matching initiatives with root causes of school needs and funding sources; and 2) increasing the completeness and consistency of behavioral data collection when reducing students’ negative behavior is an expected outcome. Improvements in both areas could strengthen the likelihood of impact and the ability to measure that impact.

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April 2016 The Impact of Achieve3000 on Elementary Literacy Outcomes: Randomized Control Trial Evidence, 2013-14 to 2014-15 Hill, Darryl
Lenard, Matthew

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In 2013-14, the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) launched Achieve3000 as a randomized controlled trial in 16 elementary schools. Achieve3000 is an early literacy program that differentiates non-fiction reading passages based on individual students’ Lexile scores. Two-year results show that Achieve3000 did not have a significant impact on student outcomes. However, both intent-to-treat and treatment-on-treated estimates show that in 2015, the second year of implementation, students in the treatment group outperformed their control-group counterparts by 0.13 standard deviation units (SD) on the year-end Achieve3000 LevelSet Lexile test. This effect size is consistent with mean empirical effect sizes reported by Lipsey et al. (2012). Yet in neither the pooled nor annual results did Achieve3000 significantly impact student performance on additional Lexile outcomes (EOG or DIBELS ORF). Both implementation and impact results for Achieve3000 suggest that the ability of this particular technology-based literacy solution to improve student performance beyond that of a control group fell short of vendor-defined and empirical expectations.

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February 2016 Teacher Incentive Fund Program at Wilburn Elementary School, Final Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Germuth, Amy

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Wilburn implemented the Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) from 2008-09 through 2014-15. TIF funding supported the performance pay component since 2010-11. All TAP principles were implemented. However, challenges occurred related to staff turnover, scheduling, and the extra work involved. Many teachers did not find the TAP model very helpful. The TAP rubric and model lessons (with coaching) were considered the most positive aspects. Relative to the comparison schools, the pattern of K-2 literacy results was mixed for 2013-14 and somewhat stronger in 2014-15. Wilburn also showed similar patterns for the percentage of students scoring proficient on the EOG from 2007-08 (before TAP) to 2011-12 and 2012-13 to 2014-15 (with the revised EOG). Wilburn’s growth results on EVAAS were at or above state expectations each year except for grade 4 in both subjects in 2015. Results were similar to comparison schools (with somewhat stronger results in 5th grade math). Overall, Wilburn achievement results have not been consistently stronger with TAP compared to similar schools without TAP. The cost/benefit of the model was not clearly favorable.

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December 2015 WCPSS Student Survey Results, 2014-15 Townsend, Megan

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The WCPSS Student Survey is administered each year to measure students’ perceptions about their learning experiences. In 2014-15, the content of the survey, as well as the grades to which it was administered, were changed to better capture measures of engagement and grit during students’ transition years. Over 23,000 students in grades 5, 8, and 9 responded to the 49-item survey in the spring of 2015. Results indicated that students worked hard to meet teachers’ expectations, planned to continue their education after high school, felt hopeful about their future, felt supported by their family, and had friends at school. Rates of agreement declined from 5th grade to 9th grade, particularly in response to items about Control and Relevance of School Work. Significant differences in response patterns within subgroups were identified on all survey items, and the responses of proficient and non-proficient students differed significantly on most items.

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July 2015 Advanced Placement Results, 2013-14 Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

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AP outcomes for WCPSS students have continued an upward trend for over 18 years, out-performing the state and the nation in all measures. In 2013-14 there were 13,757 exams taken by 6,955 WCPSS test-takers with almost 76% of the exams resulting in scores at or above 3, outperforming Guilford (53.0%), Mecklenburg (49.8%), NC (57.7%), and the U.S. (53.7%). The WCPSS overall exam average was 3.37, down by 0.3 points from 2012-13 but still higher than the state (2.84) and the nation (2.87). As in past years, top popular subjects remained the same, with Environmental Science, Psychology, English Language & Composition, US History, and Statistics having over 1,000 test-takers each. In addition, Human Geography almost tripled test-takers from 412 in 2012-13 to 1,149 in 2013-14, replacing Statistics in the top five. Minority students continue to be underrepresented in AP course enrollments. Schools can use these data to benchmark themselves against their peers and past performance. Schools need to intensify supports and systems to attract and encourage additional qualified students to enroll in rigorous AP coursework.

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May 2015 Letterland Evaluation: 2013-14 Paeplow, Colleen

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In 2013-14, Letterland had strong implementation, with moderate to high fidelity within approximately 90% of WCPSS K-1 classrooms. The impact of Letterland on students’ reading achievement was neutral to positive. A significantly higher percentage of WCPSS kindergarten students were at or above benchmark mid-year on Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF) and Nonsense Word Fluency-Correct Letter Sounds (NWF-CLS) than matched students from a comparison school district. WCPSS students’ scores remained significantly higher on the end-of-year NWF-CLS. Participation in Letterland had a significant positive effect for limited English proficient (LEP), Asian, Black, and Hispanic /Latino kindergarten students varying by indicator and benchmark period. The percentage of kindergarten students with an end-of-year PSF score at or above benchmark increased 8.2 percentage points from 2011-12 to 2013-14. Results for NWF-CLS were inconsistent across years. Results suggest Letterland is a promising approach and should be continued.

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March 2015 Limited English Proficient Students: Progress of Kindergarten Cohorts Baenen, Nancy
Huebeler, Amy

60 View Abstract

We examined the progress of kindergarteners who entered the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2008-09 and in 2010-11 who were identified as limited in English proficiency (LEP). For the 2008-09 cohort, English proficiency increased steadily over time. Few were able to exit LEP status in their first three years in WCPSS (10.5%); this jumped to 44.5% after four years. Retention rates were higher than for other subgroups, but declined from kindergarten to grade 3. Proficiency on the grade 3 Reading End of Grade (EOG) exam for the full LEP cohort was below that of WCPSS (50.4% vs. 69.6%). Those who exited LEP status before grade 3 had higher proficiency than the district on the EOG, and those exiting in grade 3 came close to district proficiency percentages. Patterns were similar for the 2010-11 cohort. A qualitative comparison of schools with the most and least success in improving literacy between kindergarten and second grade revealed the more successful schools served fewer LEP students, had fewer ESL teachers, and had traditional or modified calendars. They tended to provide more time for ESL instruction to newcomers and transitional students, had greater collaboration between ESL and classroom teachers, promoted community involvement more proactively, and exposed LEP students to more grade level materials (higher expectations).

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March 2015 Read to Achieve Traditional Calendar School Reading Camps: Summer 2014 Rhea, Anisa

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This report examines traditional calendar school Read to Achieve reading camps implemented in the summer of 2014. Teacher and student survey respondents reported positive reading camp experiences and reading camp was well attended. Based on data for 502 students, a small percentage (16.1%) reached reading proficiency by the end of camp. Gains in literacy, as measured by an increase in pre- and post-Read to Achieve (RTA) test scale scores were found for about two-thirds of the students and were most evident for the lowest performing students. Results from a multi-level model show that students’ performance on assessments given in the spring was the best predictor of their post-camp reading proficiency with very little variation across sites. This suggests consistent implementation across sites and the opportunity for students to have a similar camp experience.Study recommendations include improving data collection to better support reading camp planning and evaluation, considering more than one instructional delivery model for future reading camps, and bolstering early literacy for students prior to third grade as a proactive measure.

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November 2014 SAT Scores, 2013-14: Wake County Public School System Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

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In 2013-14, students in WCPSS continued to score 60-70 points higher on the SAT compared to students in NC and across the nation. All major WCPSS ethnic groups also continued to score significantly higher than their peers. Fifty-four percent of WCPSS students met the College Board's College and Career Readiness Benchmark. North Carolina had 41% of its students meeting the benchmark, while the nation had 43%. Continued improvements on college entrance exams are likely to be driven by student exposure to rigorous curriculum and high-level coursework. Schools are encouraged to find ways to prepare all students to engage in rigorous experiences in high school.

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October 2014 WCPSS Student Survey Results: 2013-14 Townsend, Megan

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The WCPSS Student Survey is administered each year to measure students' impressions of their school and their learning experiences. 2013-14 results indicate that elementary school students had a more positive impression of their learning environment than middle or high school students. Results were similar to those of recent years except for a lower percentage of 7th and 10th grade students reporting that they are learning about other cultures and countries. Another exception was a decline in the percentage of 10th grade students agreeing that the information they are learning will help them beyond high school.

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September 2014 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey: 2013 WCPSS High School Results Townsend, Megan

61 View Abstract

The 2013 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey was administered to a sample of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in the spring of 2013 to measure behaviors relating to drugs and alcohol use, personal safety and violence, physical health and activity, and nutrition. High school students in WCPSS and high school students across the state responded similarly to nearly all North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey items with the exception of wearing a helmet when riding a bicycle, carrying a weapon within the last 30 days, getting eight hours of sleep on an average school night, and being alone for three or more hours on an average school day. Within WCPSS, responses to some items varied by gender, grade level, and race/ethnicity.

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September 2014 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey: 2013 WCPSS Middle School Results Townsend, Megan

57 View Abstract

The 2013 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey was administered to a sample of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) middle school students in the spring of 2013 to measure behaviors relating to drugs and alcohol use, personal safety and violence, physical health and activity, and nutrition. Middle school students in WCPSS and middle school students across the state responded similarly to nearly all North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey items. Some differences by subgroup were identified, although no significant differences were detected among 8th grade students, Black students, or Hispanic/Latino students within WCPSS and across NC. Within WCPSS, responses to some items varied by gender, grade level, and race/ethnicity.

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July 2014 Dropout Rate for WCPSS: 2012-13 Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad
Muli, Juliana

8 View Abstract

Despite increases in student membership each year, WCPSS continues to maintain a steady decline in dropout counts. In 2012-13, the WCPSS high school dropout rate fell to 1.95%, its lowest rate ever. The WCPSS rate is lower than the state's rate, and also the lowest of the other four large school districts in North Carolina (Guilford 2.07%, Forsyth 2.72%, Mecklenburg 3.02%, and Durham 3.21%). WCPSS dropout rates by ethnicity in 2012-13 also fell for all subgroups, with Black/African-American students experiencing the largest drop of 1.8 percentage points, from 4.6% in 2011-12 to 2.8% in 2012-13.

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May 2014 WCPSS High School Graduation Rates: 2012-13 Regan, Roger

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The WCPSS four-year cohort graduation rate increased slightly from 80.6% in 2011-12 to 81.0% in 2012-13. Over the past five years, the overall rate has increased 2.6 percentage points and is now at its highest point since 2005-06. In contrast to the 2011-12 cohort, graduation rates declined slightly for economically disadvantaged students (64.9%), and students with disabilities (59.6%). Four-year cohort graduation rates at the 25 WCPSS high schools with graduating classes ranged from 68.3% to more than 95% in 2012-13. Rates increased at nine schools and declined at 15 schools. Follow-up analysis of the 2012-13 cohort also shed light on the characteristics of non-graduates and the relationship between early literacy and graduation rates.

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May 2014 SAT Scores, 2012-13: Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad
Muli, Juliana

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In 2012-13, students in WCPSS continued to score 50-60 points higher on the SAT compared to students in NC and across the nation. Most major WCPSS ethnic groups also continued to score significantly higher than their peers. Trends in performance on college entrance exams such as the SAT represent important metrics for monitoring how well the system is preparing all students for post- secondary success.

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March 2014 Advanced Placement Results, 2011-12 and 2012-13 McMillen, Brad
Muli, Juliana

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Students in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) continue to score well on AP exams with an increased percentage of students enrolling in the courses. As in past years, in 2013 the district had higher average AP exam scores compared to the state and the nation. WCPSS had 76.6% of scores 3 or higher in 2013 (qualified and above). Again in both 2012 and 2013, a high number of students took exams in Environmental Science, English Language & Composition, Psychology, and Statistics. Schools can use these data to benchmark themselves against their own past performance as well as their peers across the district. Encouraging more students to participate in AP classes and take the exams, in addition to other high-level coursework, should help WCPSS graduates be college and career-ready.

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December 2013 Limited English Proficient Students: Progress of 2008-09 High School Cohort Baenen, Nancy

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Students with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) entering U.S. schools in grade 9 face a tight timeline to simultaneously learn English and graduate from high school in four or five years. Based on the cohort of LEP students who entered WCPSS for the first time in grade 9 in 2008-09 and did not transfer out, 46% graduated within 4.5 years. Some (17%) graduated while still LEP. Cohort graduates tended to start ninth grade with greater initial English proficiency, strong educational backgrounds obtained elsewhere, or high motivation and support. Unfortunately, 41% of the cohort dropped out of high school. Early warning indicators include not passing required courses and being retained (only one third of the cohort was able to be promoted every year). Only 20% participated in ESL support programs outside of school (36% of those with the lowest English proficiency participated).

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December 2013 High School Retention Rate: 2011-12 Paeplow, Colleen

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Retention means repeating one or more courses in high school, rather than a full grade. Over 3,500 high school students were retained in 2011-12 in WCPSS, with the largest numbers in grades 9 and 10. Some students enter high school below grade level. In 2011-12, half the WCPSS high schools had greater than 30% of students entering 9th grade below grade level in reading and greater than 20% below grade level in mathematics based on EOG scores from grade 8. Of retained students in grade 9: nearly two thirds failed English I; more than half failed science and social studies; and nearly half failed mathematics. In addition, 1 in 5 retained students in grade 9 passed English I, but were missing credit in another course subject. While high schools have resources for students performing below grade level (e.g.,"bridging" courses and general supports) the supports examined were limited and/or underutilized, with the exception of mathematics support courses. Fewer than 15% of students who entered high school below grade level were enrolled in a reading support course. Based on the study's findings, it is recommended that staff: identify and utilize early indicators to determine students in need of extra support; find ways to increase the availability and usage of middle and high school supports for struggling students and monitor their success; and examine practices that may help lower retention rates.

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August 2013 2011-12 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

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WCPSS students continue to fare well on the SAT test compared to students in the state and nation. While there was a slight decline in the overall average score in 2012 compared to the previous year, the scores continue a trend of measurable improvement over time. In addition, most major ethnic groups continue to have average scores significantly higher than comparable groups in the state and nation. In 19 of the last 21 years, the WCPSS participation rate has remained above 70%, suggesting that a large majority of WCPSS seniors are intending to continue their education by going to college. In the same 21-year time frame, participation rates for the state have mostly been in the 60% range, while national rates have been in the high 40s.

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May 2013 High Five PLT Survey Results, 2007-08 to 2012-13 Jackl, Andrew

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WCPSS PLT survey responses have been positive over time, remaining at high levels for the past six school years. Analyses of High Five PLT Survey data from 2007-08 to 2012-13 show: The percentage of positive agreement to each of the High Five PLT Survey themes increased between 4 and 11 percentage points since baseline data was first collected in the 2007-08 school year. When the survey data were disaggregated by the six PLT themes, only "collaborative culture/team processes" showed a decline (two percentage points). When the survey items are examined individually, the percentage of respondents marking that they "strongly agree" almost universally decreased from 2011-12, while the percentage marking "agree" showed a corresponding increase. Administering the High Five PLT Survey at less frequent intervals is recommended, as well as standardized PLT training for all new staff.

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May 2013 A Snapshot of After-School Program Research Literature Rhea, Anisa

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A wide range of after-school programs have become available to students in grades K-12 over the past 15 years. Programs are generally grouped within those meeting needs related to academic performance (such as improved school attendance, grades, and achievement scores), social/emotional development, and prevention/behavioral outcomes. High quality studies have identified key components of the most effective after-school programs. Programs best support effective outcomes when they are directed by a clear vision, yet flexible to the changing needs of participants; managed by high quality staff who maintain an adult to student ratio between 1:10 and 1:16, and operate for a sufficient length of time (at least 45 hours). Active and consistent student participation in the program is also necessary to reap the full benefits. Additionally, partnerships with schools, families, and the community strengthen after-school programs. Depending on the type of program and how costs are measured, the annual cost can range between $450 and $7,000 per child.

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May 2013 Formative Assessment with Technology 2011-12: Second Year of Implementation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina
Talbot, Troy

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The second year (2011-12) of the Formative Assessment with Technology Project in three WCPSS schools was studied to determine the fidelity of implementation of the formative assessment practices and the project's impact on student achievement. Classroom observations and surveys of teachers and students showed that implementation was moderate, and it varied widely across teachers. Certain targeted practices were reported or observed much more often than others. High turnover in the teachers participating in the project likely contributed to the uneven implementation. High school staff had the highest level of implementation of training concepts as well as the highest use of the electronic response tools for assessment. Full implementation and impact on state achievement test scores was expected to take two years to be evident. Since only nine teachers participated and had data for two years, impact could not be reliably assessed. This pilot training model would be too expensive to roll out district-wide in WCPSS. More cost effective models may be used to encourage appropriate use of formative assessment.

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May 2013 Teacher Satisfaction and Turnover in WCPSS Halstead, Elizabeth

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During the spring of 2010, over 9,000 educators across Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) took the North Carolina Teacher Working Conditions (TWC) survey. Survey responses were then compared to turnover data to see if there is any relationship between the two. Results indicated that teachers' satisfaction with their working conditions were positively associated with the percentage of teachers who stayed at their school the following year. These findings are discussed in terms of implications for improving staff retention rates at schools.

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March 2013 Evaluation of the Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) Program: Wilburn Elementary School, Year 2 2011-12 Baenen, Nancy

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Wilburn was in its fourth year of implementing Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) in 2011-12, which is designed to attract, retain, and motivate quality teachers and increase student achievement. It was in the second year of TIF funding to provide performance pay for improved student performance. Analysis of EOG reading and math test scores for 2011-12 showed increases in student performance (where different cohorts of students are compared over time) and growth (when a student is compared to him- or herself over time). All staff earned some performance pay based on the TAP model formulas (unlike the previous year). Recommendations are to provide more ways for teachers to share their perceptions of TAP, to start observations earlier in the year, and to improve training by focusing on the application of the rubric and differentiating training (for teachers new to TAP and those with experience).

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March 2013 WCPSS High School Graduation Rates 4-Year and 5-Year Cohort Rates 2011-12 Regan, Roger

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The WCPSS four-year cohort graduation rate declined slightly to 80.6% in 2011-12 from 80.9% in the previous year. At the same time, the five-year rate rose substantially from 81.6% to 84.4%.

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March 2013 Limited English Proficient Students: Exit Rates for 2008-09 Cohort Baenen, Nancy

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Exit rates from Limited English Proficiency (LEP) for students who enter the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) as LEP students vary by when students enter WCPSS (based on students entering in kindergarten, grade 6 or 7, or grade 9). Based on our 2008-09 cohorts, students entering in grades 6 or 7 were most likely to exit LEP status after four years (54%), followed by those entering in kindergarten (39%), and finally those entering in grade 9 (27%). Exit rates vary based on performance on the LEP placement test. Students scoring higher on the test initially have a much better chance of exiting LEP within four years, indicating better English proficiency upon entry to WCPSS leads to a better chance of exiting LEP faster. Students with low initial placement test scores take longer to exit the program if they enter WCPSS at the higher grade levels. Further research will examine the effects of a variety of support services on the exit rates of LEP students in the cohort.

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February 2013 Academic Achievement Academy (AAA), 2011-12 Rhea, Anisa

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The Academic Achievement Academy (AAA) was initiated in 2010-11. It provided short-term, after-school tutoring in reading and mathematics for students in grades 3-8 with the goal of increasing the performance composites of participating schools to at least 70%. In 2011-12, AAA supported 1,185 students at 20 schools, 13 of which also participated in AAA in 2010-11. By the end of 2011-12, four first-year and four second-year schools had met the program goal. Findings indicate less of a positive impact on reading outcomes than mathematics, based on comparisons to a matched group of students. AAA cost about $500 per student served in 2011-12, increasing to $864 for each student who made academic growth. AAA was discontinued for the 2012-13 school year. Recommendations for future after-school program implementation efforts are offered.

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January 2013 Promotion Retention Rates, 2011-12 Paeplow, Colleen

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The vast majority of WCPSS' students are promoted to the next grade level at the end of each school year. Only 3.4% of students were retained within grade in 2011-12; however, this rate varies considerably by grade, school level, school, and student subgroup. High school students represent over three fourths of retained students with the highest retention at grades 9 and 10. For a high school student, retention may mean repeating as few as one course (rather than a full grade). Limited English proficient (LEP) students were three to four times as likely to be retained as non-LEP students in elementary, middle, and high school. This tripling of retention was most notable at the high school level, where nearly a third of LEP high school students were retained overall, including nearly 40% of LEP students in grade 9. Furthermore, approximately 20% of economically disadvantaged (ED) students and students with disabilities (SWD) were retained in high school. Given the elevated retention rates within some grades and student subgroups, further investigation into retention is merited and planned.

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January 2013 WCPSS Student Survey Results: 2011-12 Baenen, Nancy
Simmons, Brandon

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The overall results from the 2011-12 student survey were positive. The most positive results pertained to overall satisfaction with the participants' school, with the most unfavorable results centered on the consistency of challenging work being assigned to students and bullying. In general, 4th grade students responded more favorably than 7th and 10th grade students. Students also tended to pick the second most positive response rather than the most positive, indicating room for improvement. Items related to rigor, relevance, and relationships provided findings of interest in implementing the WCPSS strategic plan. Recommendations include improving rigor and support for student learning, considering expectations for schools with and without STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) and Global themes for exposure to these areas, and discussing ways to address bullying in schools.

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January 2013 2011-12 District Improvement Initiatives Evaluation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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Seven District Improvement initiatives were implemented in 2011-12 in WCPSS. All were well designed and coordinated, with common goal setting processes and use of common monitoring tools. All initiatives either met or partially met 2011-12 goals. Some were more successful in showing student outcomes, with the most positive initiatives being elementary mathematics and adolescent literacy. These results should be used to influence future decisions about continuation or strengthening of these efforts. New components that were well received and implemented by those trained (but which did not have achievement results as yet) should also be considered for future funding.

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January 2013 WCPSS Dropout Rate: 2011-12 Gilleland, Kevin
Muli, Juliana

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On January 10, 2013 the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI) released its annual statewide Dropout Report covering the 2011-12 school year. Charts show the dropout rate for WCPSS compared to the state as a whole, to other large school districts in North Carolina, and by selected student subgroups.

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November 2012 Project Enlightenment Evaluation, 2011-12 Rhea, Anisa

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Project Enlightenment, part of the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), has been providing services to children ages birth through 5 years, their parents, and teachers in childcare and preschool settings since 1969. With a local and grant funded budget of just over 2 million dollars, staff members served about 2,400 children in 2011-12. The number of children impacted increases considerably when siblings and students of the teachers served are included. The overall goal of Project Enlightenment is to prepare children to be successful in kindergarten. The prevention and intervention services available through Project Enlightenment are more comprehensive than those identified within other large school systems. All the districts that were contacted provide developmental screenings. Beyond this, Project Enlightenment provides teacher parent consultations and workshops, parent training via home visits, kindergarten readiness activities, and parent counseling. It also has an onsite parent teacher resource center and two preschool classrooms, one of which is a WCPSS Title I Pre-K classroom. Survey results show that parents and teachers are highly satisfied with the services provided. Analyses on small samples of children served suggest some short-term improvements in children's areas of need. The findings, which cannot be generalized due to the limited samples, also show some positive impact on their kindergarten success. Further evaluation is needed on the long-term success of the service components. Recommendations to staff include strengthening goal setting, adjusting data management systems, modifying service delivery as appropriate, and exploring new public outreach and screening opportunities.

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October 2012 WCPSS Teacher Working Conditions Survey Results: 2011-12 Halstead, Elizabeth

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During the spring of 2012, over 100,000 educators across the state took the North Carolina Teacher Working Conditions (TWC) survey. WCPSS teachers responded more positively to 46 of the 85 survey items in 2012 than did teachers statewide. On 14 items, WCPSS teachers' responses were less favorable than those of teachers statewide, and on the remaining 25, there was no statistically significant difference. Results from this survey are discussed.

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September 2012 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2011-12 McMillen, Brad

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Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2011-

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July 2012 High Five PLT Survey Results, 2007-12 Jackl, Andrew

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Summary - WCPSS PLT survey responses have been positive over time, reaching a high plateau for the last three years. Analyses of High Five PLT Survey data from 2007-12 show: In 2011-12, high percentages (87.2%) of WCPSS teachers responding to the High Five PLT Survey provided positive responses to the items. Responses have been positive from 2007-08 to 2011-12, with small increases over time. Overall, WCPSS has shown an improvement in its PLT Performance Index of 5.7 percentage points over five years. The elementary, middle, and high schools have shown gains of 4.2, 7.5, and 9.1 percentage points, respectively. The implementation of dedicated time for PLT work (Wake Wednesdays) correlated to slight increases in PLT indices at the elementary and middle school levels; only the elementary level saw a slight decline when dedicated time was no longer provided.

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April 2012 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) Professional Learning Teams (PLTs): 2010-11 to 2011-12 School-Based Policy Study Jackl, Andrew
Lougée, Aimee

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Professional Learning Teams were first introduced in WCPSS in 2003. Implementation checks, first done in 2007-08, showed most teachers (81.5%) reported involvement in PLT work. These high percentages improved slowly over time, with 87% positive responses to items by fall of 2011. In terms of impact, 81% of teachers indicated students learned more because of their PLT work. Student retention rates, classroom grades, state test performance, and graduation rates have all improved over time. Regression analyses indicated those schools who utilized PLTs the most had greater decreases in student retention rates than those with lower implementation. Similar analyses for student growth on test results just missed statistical significance. While it is difficult to separate out the impact of PLT work from other initiatives, these analyses suggest PLTs have contributed to improvements in WCPSS outcomes despite tough economic times and increasing challenges for teachers.

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February 2012 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Results, 2010-11 Gilleland, Kevin

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One method of delivering college-level coursework to high school students is through the Advanced Placement (AP) program. Many colleges and universities provide credit to students who earn a qualifying score on any of the 34 available AP exams1 offered by the College Board. All qualified comprehensive high schools in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) offer AP courses and exams, although the availability of specific courses varies from school to school.

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January 2012 The Relationship between Mid-Year Benchmark and End-of-Grade Assessments: 2010-11 McMillen, Brad

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The Relationship between Mid-Year Benchmark and End-of-Grade Assessments: 2010-11

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December 2011 District Improvement Outcomes: 2010-11 Paeplow, Colleen

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In 2010-11, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) was in district-wide improvement as a result of failing to meet Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in mathematics at the district level for the second consecutive year. This report examines overall student outcomes in 2010-11 as well as overall teacher outcomes and longitudinal results for schools targeted for three consecutive years of SIOP® training and support compared to matched schools who were not involved. SIOP® schools had a greater increase in students reaching growth targets than in the district overall. Increases in reading and mathematics proficiency at SIOP® elementary schools and reading at SIOP® middle schools were similar or slightly higher than for WCPSS. Overall mathematics results were not positive for SIOP® middle schools; however, matched school analysis by subject and school level found targeted student subgroups (i.e., Hispanic/Latino and Black/African American, Limited English Proficient, and economically disadvantaged) did benefit from attending SIOP® targeted schools. 2010-11 represented the first year of implementation of the Secondary Literacy and Secondary Mathematics Initiatives. The demographic similarity of schools implementing Secondary Mathematics with WCPSS coupled with the weak results indicates, as with Secondary Literacy, the results of this initiative could be strengthened by more selective process of targeting schools to receive training.

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December 2011 WCPSS District Improvement Implementation 2010-11 Baenen, Nancy
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

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Instructional strategies aimed at improving achievement of low performing student subgroups in need of support were selected by the District Improvement Advisory Committee, so that WCPSS could exit District Improvement status. Impact of each initiative, which often included teacher training and coaching is examined in this implementation report. Recommendations are made including setting strategic goals and systematically monitoring implementation; targeting schools or teachers with high numbers of AYP groups of students in need of support; being intentional in coaching efforts and structuring coaching models based on the SIOP® experience; building ownership and commitment at the school level; and coordinating new and existing efforts to optimize effectiveness.

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December 2011 WCPSS Magnet Schools Assistance Program Final Performance Report 2010-2011 Baenen, Nancy
Henderson, Margaret
Regan, Roger
Reichstetter, Rosemary
Van Dyk, Pam

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The Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) is a federal grant initiative designed to reduce or eliminate minority group isolation in K-12 schools where minority groups comprise a substantial population. This report reflects the success of the two middle schools and one high school involved in the grant across Years 1-3 plus Year 4, the "no cost extension" (NCE) year. The three goal areas include Desegregation and Choice, Building Capacity, and Academic Achievement. Schools had the most success with the measures that were under their most direct control--implementing the magnet strategies funded through the grant, adding curriculum and resources, and enhancing the offerings and attractiveness of the schools. While EOG/EOC proficiency improved compared to before the grant, the increase was not sufficient to reach the lofty achievement goals.

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November 2011 Fall 2011 Survey Results for Hilburn Drive Academy K-8 McMillen, Brad

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Fall 2011 Survey Results for Hilburn Drive Academy K-8

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August 2011 Evaluation of WCPSS Central Services Professional Learning Teams (PLTs): Spring 2011 Jackl, Andrew

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) Board policy indicates that central staff are to support school implementation of Professional Learning Teams (PLTs) and to participate in PLTs at the central level. Central Services supported PLT work in the schools in a variety of ways. The percentage of principals who saw this support as adequate dropped from 85% to 70% between spring 2010 and 2011. Within Central Services, 86% of survey respondents reported participating in at least one PLT. Of those responding to the Spring 2011 PLT survey, responses remained overwhelming positive about implementation and effectiveness. However, without exception, the strength of agreement decreased, with the percentage of respondents who "strongly agreed" dropping between 2010 and 2011.

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August 2011 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2010-2011 McMillen, Brad

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Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2010-2011

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July 2011 Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) at Wilburn Elementary School: Year 3 Evaluation Report Baenen, Nancy

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The Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) is a model for training, teacher advancement, and instructional strategies. Based on interviews and observations, the four TAP principles were implemented with fidelity during the 2010-11 school year, with one exception--teacher evaluations. Feedback was slow, and teachers had concerns about the reliability of the ratings. The impact on teachers was negative. Compared to 2009-10, reading and math proficiency improved in grades 3 and 5 in 2010-11 but not grade 4. However, compared to proficiency before TAP began, only Grade 5 had improved reading proficiency and none of the grades (3, 4, and 5) had higher proficiency in math. Grade 4 had positive trends for Academic Change (growth) in both reading and math.

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July 2011 Title I Preschool Program in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): Short- and Long-Term Outcomes Baenen, Nancy

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The longitudinal study of the 2005-06 preschool in WCPSS found short-term gains during the preschool year, but limited impact by kindergarten and no average impact by the end of 3rd grade on achievement, retention rates, special education placements, or attendance. Small sample sizes limit conclusions that can be drawn; a larger study with a stronger research design is recommended for next year. The larger 2010-11 preschool program provided strong evidence of short-term gains on achievement after the preschool experience. Teachers and parents were generally satisfied with the program. Teachers suggested higher student attendance and greater parent involvement would be helpful. Teachers used Creative Curriculum materials with varying frequency; they also viewed some components of the curriculum as more effective than others.

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June 2011 Outcomes for Supplemental Education Services (SES): 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report, the third of three reports examining Supplemental Education Services (SES) within the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), focused on the long-term goal of improved student achievement by the end of the school year. In 2009-10, 508 students participated in SES at the five schools offering SES: Brentwood, Fox Road, Poe, Wendell, and York. The vast majority of students (83%) participating in SES received tutoring services in both reading and mathematics. Overall, this study did not support the value of SES in promoting higher achievement (beyond what matched students achieved).

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June 2011 Comprehensive Assessment Systems: Purposes and Implementation Talbot, Troy

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Comprehensive Assessment Systems: Purposes and Implementation

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June 2011 High School Five-Year Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

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In 2009-10, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction was approved to include a five-year graduation rate as well as a four-year rate in determining if schools, districts, and the state made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) under the NCLB Act. This rate was based on the incoming 9th grade students of 2005-06. The denominator of the cohort remained the same for both the 2008-09 four-year and the 2009-10 five-year rate with an additional 296 graduates added to the numerator in the fifth year. The 2009-10 five-year district rate rose to 81.5% from a 2008-09 four-year rate of 78.4%. The subgroups with the largest increases were limited English proficient (9.8 percentage points), economically disadvantaged (7.8 percentage points), and students with disabilities subgroups (7.4 percentage points). Hispanic/Latino and Black/African American students had the largest rate increases among ethnic subgroups (6.6 and 5.5 percentage points, respectively).

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April 2011 WCPSS 2010-11 High Five Professional Learning Teams (PLT) Survey Results: Implementation Over Time Jackl, Andrew

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) continues to implement Professional Learning Teams (PLTs) as a research-based method of improving teacher effectiveness and increasing student achievement. Over each of the last four years, a survey of educators was conducted in WCPSS and the other four High Five districts. As in previous years, this year's data showed strong support among teachers for the PLT model; between 73% and 91% of respondents indicating that they "strongly agree" or "agree" with the statements pertaining to the six PLT themes. Viewed longitudinally, positive responses for each theme have increased between four and eight percentage points since 2007-08. When 2010-11 results were compared with 2009-10, the results were less dramatic, with smaller changes in the percentage of positive responses.

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April 2011 Assessing the Value of the Arts: Looking Beyond Traditional Achievement Measures Baenen, Nancy
Brasfield, Jon

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Courses in the arts develop skills specific to the discipline. Research also suggests that the arts contribute to enhanced attentiveness, engagement in school, communication skills, and critical and divergent thinking. Other studies point out benefits for at-risk students in reducing negative outcomes such as dropout and crime rates. Studies report a correlational relationship between arts education and reading achievement, but a causal link has not been established. Thus, there is evidence of benefits of the arts that can support students' success in school, but more high quality causal studies are needed.

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April 2011 High School Four-Year Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

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High School Four-Year Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): 2009-10

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March 2011 Implementation of Supplemental Education Services: 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report, the second of three reports examining Supplemental Education Services (SES) within WCPSS, focused on the implementation of SES, and the degree to which short-term and intermediate goals were met. In 2009-10, the SES program was largely implemented with fidelity, with some areas needing refinement related to communication and monitoring. Monitoring reports noted appropriate instruction based on learning plans was occurring. SES has 13 implementation requirements for the Local Educational Agency (7), providers (2), and parents (4). Nine were fully met, with four partially met. The two short-term goals--student enrollment in SES and providers pre-assess all participants--were met. Three of the six intermediate goals were met (progress reports given to parents, minimum of 30 hours offered to each student, monitoring showed implementation occurring) and two additional goals were partially met (attendance at SES and post-assessments given to completers).

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March 2011 2009-10 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin

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On March 3rd, 2011, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI) released its annual statewide Dropout Report covering the 2009-10 school year. Charts show the dropout rate for WCPSS compared to the state as a whole, to other large school districts in North Carolina, and by the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) subgroups.

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February 2011 Supplemental Education Services: 2008-09 & 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

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This report describes SES within Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in terms of the schools, providers, and student participants in 2008-09 and 2009-10. It is the first in a series of three reports related to SES. NCLB requires schools receiving Title I funding in their second year of school improvement to offer eligible students Supplemental Educational Services (SES) in addition to existing Title I services. The SES programs for WCPSS in 2008-09 and 2009-10 were in compliance with federal guidelines to make available an SES program, enroll only FRL students, and to use state-approved vendors to deliver the program. SES is designed to improve the achievement of FRL students who score below, at, or above grade level. Therefore, service to some students may help schools reach AYP standards while service to others may help individual students and schools reach ABCs and other standards of academic success.

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February 2011 Instructional Assistance For Wake County Public Schools System Elementary Students, 2009-10 Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has numerous programs and strategies to support students who are underachieving. Given the variety of support sources and the different ways in which WCPSS schools keep track of the type of support provided to students, it is often difficult at the district level to discern the full extent to which these students are supported beyond regular instruction, particularly by whom and through what funding source. Information on the types of services provided to students that extend beyond large supplemental programs such as Title I, English as a Second Language (ESL), and Special Education can be most reliably obtained from classroom teachers. To systemically collect data on the amount of need and support services given to K-5 students in 2009-10, elementary school teachers were asked to answer questions about whether their students were having frequent difficulty in literacy and mathematics, and if so, whether they received at least 30 hours of assistance and who provided it. These data were requested in the spring of 2010 as part of the annual K-5 Assessment Data survey completed by elementary school teachers. This report on the instructional assistance data for 2009-10 provides a brief look at the extent to which students had frequent difficulty in literacy and/or mathematics, whether these students received support beyond regular instruction and by whom, and whether the pattern of support differed at Title I elementary schools compared to non-Title I elementary schools.

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February 2011 End-of-Course (EOC) Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

51 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in selected courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2009-10 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students scoring proficient. For the first time in 2009-10, all students who scored at Level II on EOCs were retested. Retests added 3.7 to 5.8 percentage points to the overall proficiency rates on each test. Changes in performance between 2008-09 and 2009-10 varied by group and by course, although most ethnic groups saw increases in both proficiency and average scale scores across the board. Despite gains of the last three to five years, Hispanic/Latino students, students from lower-income backgrounds, and students with limited English proficiency (LEP) scored below their corresponding NC state rates. The LEP subgroup is barely above 50% proficient. It is imperative that progress for these groups continue to accelerate.

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January 2011 ABCs and AYP Results, WCPSS: 2009-10 Haynie, Glenda

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In 2009-10, 92% of WCPSS schools met Expected or High Growth as measured by the North Carolina ABCs program, a 3.5 percentage point increase from 2008-09. Fifty-four percent of the schools made High Growth and 38% made Expected Growth. All subgroups saw their percentages of students meeting growth increase to above 55% in 2009-10; with the "All Students" group above 60% (the state's definition of High Growth for a school). Slightly more than 90% of WCPSS schools were in the recognition categories Honor Schools of Excellence (5.8%), Schools of Excellence (3.2%), Schools of Distinction (40.6%), or Schools of Progress (40.6%). Yet there was a substantial decrease in the number of schools making AYP (38.4%) compared to 2008-09 (62.8%). The decrease in 2009-10 can partly be explained by the one-year effect of retests that benefitted schools in 2008-09, and the invalidation of tests for high school occupational course of study students by the U.S. Department of Education. There were a much greater proportion of schools that met High Growth among the schools that met AYP (71.7%) than among those that did not meet AYP (43.2%).

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January 2011 Academy of Reading® (AoR) 2008-09 and 2009-10 Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

68 View Abstract

Academy of READING (AoR) is designed to improve students' foundational reading skills; it is used in almost all Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) secondary schools. Central staff recommended students with prior End of Grade/Course (EOG/EOC) scale scores placing them high in Level II or low in Level III have first priority for service; many students served scored below this range (second priority). Program completion rates increased from 2008-09 (26%) to 2009-10 (41%), but were still considerably lower than desired (100%). Growth for 2009-10 AoR participants on End of Grade reading/English tests was strong (with the percentage of students reaching their growth targets increasing from 37.5% before service to 60.1% afterwards). This improvement is educationally important. Program completion gave students only a slight advantage in terms of EOG growth. The program appeared to be helpful, with patterns generally favoring middle school over high school students.

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December 2010 Foundations of Algebra: 2009-10 Paeplow, Colleen

26 View Abstract

This report examined the implementation of Foundations of Algebra, a course designed to provide high school students with low mathematics performance an extra opportunity to review and study foundational mathematics concepts prior to enrolling in Introductory Mathematics and subsequently Algebra I. In the fall of 2009, 877 high school students participated in Foundations of Algebra while another 774 students were enrolled directly into Introductory Mathematics in the spring of 2010. 1,600 students enrolled in Introductory Mathematics in 2008-09 were used as a comparison group. Eighty-two percent of Foundations of Algebra students were Level I or II; however, less than two-thirds of students (63%) scored Level I or low Level II--the program's criteria. Twenty-seven percent of students enrolled directly into Introductory Mathematics met the recommended criteria of high Level II scores. A higher percentage of students who participated in Foundations of Algebra enrolled in Algebra I and Algebra I Part I than did comparison students.

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December 2010 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2009-10 Holdzkom, David
Regan, Roger

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The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2009-10. On the three alternate assessments that were given in 2009-10, results for WCPSS students were mixed. On the NCEXTEND1 assessments, which are taken by students with significant cognitive disabilities, proficiency rates for 479 Grade 3-8 students ranged from 46-70% in reading and from 48-79% in math, both up from last year but still generally lower than statewide rates. The NCEXTEND2 EOG assessments, administered to students with moderate intellectual or learning disabilities, were taken by the largest number of WCPSS students (2,106). Results on these modified EOG exams were slightly higher than those of the two previous years but proficiency rates across grade levels remained low in both reading (25-42%) and mathematics (43-54%). At the high school level, 412 students took NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments, which are based on the Occupational Course of Study and serve as alternates for required assessments in reading, mathematics, and science. The percentage of students achieving proficiency on the exams ranged from 68% in English, to 70% in mathematics, and 61% in Science, all up significantly from last year and closer to statewide rates.

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December 2010 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2008-09 Regan, Roger
Speas, Carol

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In 2008-09, four alternate assessments were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. As in earlier years, results for WCPSS students were mixed. Student performance on the NCCLAS, an assessment designed mainly for limited English proficient (LEP) students, improved in mathematics but remained low in reading for the 141 students in grades 3 to 8 who took them. Fewer students took NCCLAS EOC exams but proficiency rates in English I and Algebra I, the two tests taken by the most students, were 81% and >95%, respectively. On the NCEXTEND1 assessments, which are taken by students with significant cognitive disabilities, proficiency rates ranged from 49-57% in reading and 46-73% in math for 461 Grade 3-8 students. The NCEXTEND2 assessments, administered to students with moderate intellectual or learning disabilities, were taken by the largest number of WCPSS students (1572). Results on these modified EOG exams were slightly higher than those of the two previous years but proficiency rates across grade levels remained low in both reading (18- 41%) and mathematics (30-52%). At the high school level, 277 students took NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments, which are based on the Occupational Course of Study and serve as alternates for required assessments in reading, mathematics, and science. The percentage of students achieving proficiency on the exams ranged from 44% in English, to 50% in mathematics, and 53% in Science.

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November 2010 WCPSS Professional Learning Teams (PLTs): 2009-10 School-Based Policy Implementation Study Baenen, Nancy

122 View Abstract

As a result of Board Policy 3610, PLTs were implemented across WCPSS in a consistent fashion in 2009-10. Data show that implementation improved and teachers spent more time engaged in collaborative work. School staff cited numerous benefits for teachers and students. Regression analyses showed a reasonably strong correlation between high levels of PLT implementation and students' academic achievement, attendance, and their overall level of satisfaction with their schools. Essential characteristics of PLTs were illustrated in case studies of high-performing PLTs' in the district. While collaborative cultures have been well-established, most teams could benefit from additional training on ways to use data, and on ways to evaluate the success of their efforts. Communications with school communities could also be more consistent across schools.

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November 2010 An Evaluation Of The Wake County Public School System Alternative Educational Options Rhea, Anisa

141 View Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) alternative educational options. The WCPSS options are similar to those in other North Carolina districts. WCPSS student outcomes based on state assessments and federal standards are also equivalent or higher than other districts, although the capacity for WCPSS students served at each alternative setting is generally lower. Students at WCPSS alternative schools receive benefits such as smaller classes and greater access to counseling services. Student data also indicate that these environments help build student resiliency. Base school personnel understand some aspects of the alternative schools, but greater transparency is needed, especially at the high school level. Additional alternative education sites are needed to better meet the needs of at-risk elementary students. Comprehensive services and settings for long-term suspended students and students with severe behavioral issues who are ineligible for special education services should also be created.

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November 2010 Year 3 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Progress Report Brasfield, Jon
Cárdenas, Virginia

76 View Abstract

The three MSAP schools; East Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet Middle School (EGMMS), Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet High School (GMHS), and Southeast Raleigh Leadership and Technology Magnet High School (SRMHS) showed progress on MSAP performance measures during the 3rd year of the grant. Data on 16 performance measures collected relate to "Desegregation and Choice" (6), "Building Capacity" (2), and "Academic Achievement of Students" (8). Overall, half the targets were met, with the most variability across schools for the Desegregation and Choice measures. Observations and survey results revealed increased efforts to implement innovative educational methods and programs at all three MSAP schools. Each school established strategic processes to address targets in each goal area. Although progress was made, much work remained to be done to achieve the original goals of the MSAP grant. The district requested and received a no-cost extension to run through the 2010-2011 school year.

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October 2010 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2009-10 McMillen, Brad

5 View Abstract

WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2009-10

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September 2010 WAKE COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM K-5 ASSESSMENT RESULTS: 2009-10 Rhea, Anisa

12 View Abstract

Moderate to high percentages of Wake County Public School (WCPSS) students demonstrated grade-level performance on K-5 assessments in 2009-10. Results indicate very slight changes from prior years. The percentage of students proficient in reading book level and mathematics strands increased very slightly since 2007-08. Modest declines in proficiency were found in reading strands and expressive literacy assessments. Most students continue to meet unassisted writing sample standards, although the percentages of students mastering writing content or writing conventions were slightly lower than rates in 2007-08. Annual trends show modest increases in student subgroup performance. Reading book level and mathematics achievement gaps still exist yet are slowly narrowing among subgroups.

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September 2010 WCPSS District Improvement: 2009-10 Implementation Status Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

46 View Abstract

In 2009-10 Wake County Public Schools System (WCPSS) exited District Improvement in reading and remained in level one for mathematics. All District Improvement efforts gained momentum. The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP®) continued as the primary focus to meet the needs of limited English proficient (LEP) students in elementary and middle schools. The high school component was modified and addressed both literacy and mathematics. The number of trained SIOP® teachers considerably increased (from 588 in 2008-09 to 956 in 2009-10), follow-up coaching to support application of training reached more teachers, training implementation and buy-in strengthened. All SIOP® training, coaching, and implementation objectives for in 2009-10 were met or partially met. The number and use of SIOP® modified focus lessons increased substantially, but awareness could still be improved.

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September 2010 Analysis of 2009-10 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

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In 2009-10, students in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) posted average SAT scores of 543 in mathematics, 524 in critical reading and 504 in writing. The combined score for mathematics and critical reading was 1067, with a total average score of 1571.

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August 2010 Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2009-2010 McMillen, Brad

678 View Abstract

Student Achievement in WCPSS, 2009-2010

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June 2010 Middle School Mathematics: 2006-07 to 2008-09 Paeplow, Colleen

38 View Abstract

In 2006-07, seven Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) middle schools piloted Algebraic Thinking as an alternate approach to teaching middle school mathematics. Algebraic Thinking was developed to help students in grade 6 reach higher mathematics courses by combining the regular and advanced middle school mathematics courses into one heterogeneously grouped class and differentiating instruction. Of the 1,493 grade 6 students enrolled in one of the five pilot schools, 1,087 were still enrolled in Algebraic Thinking in 2008-09 and were therefore included in the study. A comparison cohort of 1,078 grade 6 students enrolled from 2006-07 to 2008-09 was selected from five matched schools. While both cohorts of students improved academically, overall findings suggest that participation in Algebraic Thinking did not have a greater positive impact on students' mathematics achievement as measured by EOG proficiency or growth. However, a significantly higher percentage of Algebra I students at the Algebraic Thinking schools met their Algebra I growth target.

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June 2010 Effective Teaching Practices Haynie, Glenda

39 View Abstract

This paper reports the overall findings of research on effective teaching practices in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). It is a cross-case analysis of five earlier studies (Biology, Algebra I, U.S. History, middle school Algebra I, and English I). Despite subject implementation differences, four common themes were found: high academic expectations for all students, thoughtful management of time and materials, learning-centered classrooms, and proactive planning.

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June 2010 End-of-Grade (EOG) Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2008-09 McMillen, Brad

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In 2008-09, results from End-of-Grade (EOG) reading and mathematics tests in WCPSS continued to demonstrate an upward trend across grade levels and student subgroups. Disaggregation of results by ethnicity, income level, disability status, and English proficiency status showed that achievement gaps between historically underperforming subgroups and their peers are still significant but are closing. Results of the new EOG science test in grades 5 and 8 showed that proficiency rates in science are below those for reading and mathematics. The effect of retesting for students who fail to score proficient on the first administration of EOG tests indicated that retesting improved proficiency rates by 4-9 percentage points, and that some groups of students benefited more than others from retesting.

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June 2010 Evaluation of Central Services Professional Learning Teams as of Spring 2010 Baenen, Nancy
Jackl, Andrew

35 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) board policy states that central services staff are to support school implementation of Professional Learning Teams (PLTs) and to participate in PLTs at the central level. Central staff support school efforts in a variety of ways, and over 85% of principals at each level reported this support was adequate. Participation in PLTs among central staff respondents was high for those in administrative (86%) and professional and technical roles (76%), but lower for support staff (37%). High percentages of central administrators, professionals, and technical staff had positive views about PLT implementation and impact. Responses for those in administrative roles were almost always more positive in spring 2010 than in previous surveys. High percentages of administrators and professional/technical staff believe PLTs help them perform their job more effectively, along with most support staff (91%, 86%, and 67% respectively).

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May 2010 WCPSS 2009-10 High Five PLT Survey Results: Professional Learning Team (PLT) Implementation Over Time Jackl, Andrew

40 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) continues to implement Professional Learning Teams (PLTs) as a research-based method of improving teacher effectiveness and increasing student achievement. High Five PLT Survey results from 2007-08 through 2009-10 showed a strong level of support for the PLT oncept. The 2009-10 results revealed 73% to 92% of the respondents agreed or strongly agreed with all statements pertaining to each of the six core PLT themes. Generally, teachers responded more positively to the survey items in 2009-10 than in previous years. The percentage of teachers meeting weekly for over an hour increased greatly over prior years after implementation of the Board policy on PLTs. In short, survey results suggest strong implementation, with slow but measureable progress towards full functioning of all components of the model.

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May 2010 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2008-09 McMillen, Brad

23 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in 10 courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2008-09 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students scoring proficient. After the recent introduction of new EOC tests with higher standards, scores in WCPSS have begun to move back upward after an initial decline. Significant gaps in achievement are still evident, and proficiency rates have not fully recovered to the levels seen prior to these new tests. However, historically-underperforming subgroups have made significant gains, and have begun to close those gaps. Further acceleration of those gains will be important for ensuring that all students are prepared for their post-secondary futures.

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April 2010 Your Child and the Kindergarten Initial Assessment Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

Describes the Kindergarten Initial Assessment which all students are given as they enter kindergarten to assess their beginning skills. Also describes the kinds of skills that are helpful for students to have in kindergarten.

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March 2010 2008-09 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin

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On February 5th, 2009, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction released its annual statewide Dropout Report covering the 2007-08 school year. Charts show the dropout rate for WCPSS compared to the state as a whole, to other large school districts in North Carolina, and by race.

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March 2010 The Relationship between High School Course Grades and Exam Scores Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

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Since the 2006-07 school year, in addition to earning a certain number of course credits, all North Carolina high school students have been required to pass the End of Course test (EOC) in five subjects in order to obtain a high school diploma. This report examines the relationship between EOC test results and course grades for Algebra I and English I, two of the subjects that are part of the new graduation requirements. Analyses are presented for two subsets of students: the students who failed the EOC test but passed the course and the students who passed the EOC test but failed the course. The size of the first subset decreased over the four-year period, while the size of the second one increased. Differences were observed among subgroups, in particular between gender, with female students having a greater chance of passing the course in comparison to male students with similar results on the EOC test.

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March 2010 Teacher Absences: Types, Frequency, and Impact on Student Achievement, Wake County Public School System, 2007-08 Speas, Carol

33 View Abstract

In 2007-08, the WCPSS teacher absence rate was 10.3 days, slightly higher than a national rate of 9.5 days in 2004-05 but lower than the 11.3 to 14.6 days reported in large school districts more recently. In comparison with other studies, WCPSS teachers averaged smaller proportions of personal and sick leave days, slightly more annual leave days, and a higher proportion of administrative leave days. Teacher absences varied by years of experience and by schools' grade span and proportion of students receiving free or reduced-price lunch. Overall, there is some evidence, low but significant, of a negative relationship between teacher absences and mathematics achievement in two of six grades, but not in reading or six high school courses. These and other findings, including screening and costs of substitute teachers, are detailed in this report.

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March 2010 A Digest of UNC System Reports on Freshman Performance: 2006-07 Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

A Digest of UNC System Reports on Freshman Performance: 2006-07

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January 2010 NovaNET 2008-09 Evaluation Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

29 View Abstract

NovaNET is a technology-based teacher-facilitated educational approach used at schools to support students at risk of not meeting graduation requirements to accrue credits in a variety of subjects. NovaNET contributes to the WCPSS goal of closing achievement gaps and creating opportunities for all students to graduate on time. In 2008-09, 38 NovaNET courses were offered districtwide. All high schools offered credit recovery (CR) courses. Six schools offered remediation opportunities, and 11 offered new credits. Based on summer courses, NovaNET had a high success rate in helping students earn credits towards graduation. Based on high summer pass rates, it is recommended to encourage use of NovaNET to earn course credits, examine ways to enhance EOC performance, designate use of NovaNET within course codes, streamline reporting methods, and enhance monitoring of success. Consider expanded use of NovaNET as a supplement for regular courses. Based on cost-effectiveness, expand student access to NovaNET in summer if feasible.

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January 2010 Test Scores and the Standard Error of Measurement Holdzkom, David
McMillen, Brad
Sumner, Brian

3 View Abstract

Test Scores and the Standard Error of Measurement

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December 2009 ABCs and AYP Results, WCPSS: 2008-09 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

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ABCs and AYP Results,WCPSS: 2008-09

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December 2009 Effective Teaching Practices in English I (Summary) Bowen, Kim
Haynie, Glenda
Merritt, Sherri

1 View Abstract

This study analyzed the instructional practices of the most effective English I teachers identified by a multiple regression model. Using both quantitative and qualitative analysis of test data, surveys, observations, and focus-group interviews, the study found that the goal of the most effective teachers was effective communication skills for all students. These teachers focused on building capacity in students by addressing transition into high school and success across all curricular areas. Their classrooms were well-managed and activity-based, using at least the middle level thinking skills of application and analysis. Most effective teachers used Marzano research-based strategies, particularly reinforcing effort and providing recognition, non-linguistic representation, and cooperative learning. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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October 2009 Intervention Months Grades 6-8: Elective Results 2008-09 Paeplow, Colleen

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North Carolina Student Accountability Standards require targeted intervention be provided to students who fail to meet statewide accountability standards. Intervention Months of employment were allotted to middle schools to help them provide intervention to students who are struggling academically. In 2008-09, Intervention Months 6-8 allotted Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) 32 middle schools 762 months of employment to be used along with other resources to provide targeted supplementary assistance to students requiring academic intervention beyond that provided in the regular classroom. In 2008-09, 3,155 students participated in an intervention elective. Findings suggest that participation in an intervention elective did not have a positive impact on reading achievement as measured by EOG proficiency or growth. The percentage of intervention elective participants at or above grade level increased more for mathematics than reading. A statistically significant higher percentage of students who participated in a mathematics intervention only made growth than did academically similar students not enrolled in the intervention elective.

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October 2009 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Grades 3-5: Evaluation 2007-08 Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

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ALP 2007-08 was designed to primarily support Level I and II student below grade levels, with others supported as funds allowed. Evidence indicates many students scoring proficient were served (especially in literacy) while some students scoring below grade level received no documented support. ALP reached less than half of students scoring below grade level in literacy and in mathematics. Literacy achievement growth outcomes for Level I-II students below grade level were about the same as for other Level I-II students (many of whom received other services); ALP results were less positive for students who scored at grade level prior to service than for similar students. Mathematics proficiency results were less positive than for those served in other programs or not served. Achievement outcomes were similar for students served during the school day or outside of the school day.

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October 2009 Year 2 Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) Brasfield, Jon

56 View Abstract

In Year 2 of the MSAP grant, significant progress was made by each school and its community to implement the grant objectives. Year 2 represented an amalgamation of Year 1 activities that were not implemented due to a delay in hiring key personnel, original objectives assigned to Year 2, and several activities that arose from improvement sessions. Each school had a blue print that captured their performance measures, target outcomes, yearly activities, staff development activities, and resources along with a customized yearly time line. The 16 performance measures were grouped into three categories. The "Desegregation and Choice" category was the most difficult for schools to attain (with three or four of the six measures met by each school). All schools achieved both "Building Capacity" performance measures. In the "Academic Achievement" category, SRMHS achieved 5/8 targets, GMHS achieved 4/8, and EGMMS achieved 6/7 (4-year graduation rate is measured for the two high schools, but not for the middle school). In all, SRMHS achieved the stated target on 10/16 performance measures, GMHS on 10/16, and EGMMS met 12/15.

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October 2009 High School Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): 2008-09 Haynie, Glenda

9 View Abstract

High School Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS): 2008-09

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August 2009 Analysis of 2008-09 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

7 View Abstract

Analysis of 2008-09 WCPSS SAT Scores

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August 2009 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2008-09 McMillen, Brad

5 View Abstract

WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2008-09

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July 2009 Where do North Carolina's End-of-Grade (EOG) and End-of-Course (EOC) Tests come from? McMillen, Brad

11 View Abstract

Where do North Carolina's End-of-Grade (EOG) and End-of-Course (EOC) Tests come from?

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June 2009 Helping Hands Results 2007-08: Grades 3-8 Paeplow, Colleen

18 View Abstract

In 2007-08, Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) Helping Hands program served 419 students. Helping Hands is a mentoring program that targets Black/African American male students enrolled in grades 3-8 who are academically marginal. Results are based on the 385 students in grades 3-8 with available data. The mission of the Helping Hands program is to provide services to African-American male students to promote personal development and academic achievement. Helping Hands has academic, behavioral, and attendance goals. Overall, findings suggest that Helping Hands did not have a positive impact on academic success as measured by EOG proficiency or growth. However, Helping Hands did appeared to have a positive impact on suspension trends and excessive absences (10 or more days) relative to Black/African American male students.

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June 2009 Positive Behavior Intervention And Support In The Wake County Public School System: A Follow-Up Evaluation Rhea, Anisa

37 View Abstract

As a follow-up to the initial evaluation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) in the Wake County Public School System, this study uses mixed methods to further investigate inconsistencies in desired outcomes and a lack of difference in results among PBIS schools and similar non-PBIS schools. Case study results supported the original findings in that additional measures of success were not identified. School staff articulated the use of schoolwide behavioral practices as an important outcome of PBIS rather than as a strategy to improve climate, behavior, and achievement. Schools using the START on Time strategy to reduce tardies during class transitions achieved significant improvement after one year. Implementation evaluation results suggest that non-PBIS schools have not implemented schoolwide behavioral practices to any great extent.

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June 2009 Factors Associated with Staying on Track to Graduate: Evidence from the WCPSS 9th Grade Class of 2005-06 Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad

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Given that graduating from high school on time prepared for the future is the ultimate outcome of the K-12 education process, then an understanding of the factors that distinguish students who do from students who do not becomes important. This study looked at data from the WCPSS 9th grade class of 2005-06 in an effort to document some of the factors that separated students who stayed on track to graduate from those who either got behind or dropped out. Results indicated that several demographic, program, and achievement factors were associated with staying ontime to graduate during high school. These results should help schools better identify students who might be at risk for not graduating on time.

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June 2009 Algebra I Performance in Year-Long versus Semester-Long Courses Holdzkom, David

5 View Abstract

This study examined differences in student achievement between 9th grade students who took Algebra I in a twopart, year-long sequence and those who took a one-semester Algebra I course. Results indicated higher proficiency rates and higher growth results for students in the year-long sequence, especially for students who scored below Achievement Level IV on their 8th Grade Mathematics EOG test. Schools are urged to use these results to make data-based scheduling decisions for 9th grade Algebra I students.

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June 2009 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2007-08 McMillen, Brad
Stevens, Wendy

21 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) tests are given statewide in ten courses typically taken in high school. Results for 2007-08 (and prior years, where available) are reported in terms of both average scale scores and the percentage of students who scored proficient. After the recent introduction of new EOC tests, scores for students in WCPSS have begun to tick back upward after a decline attributable to higher standards on those new tests. However, significant gaps in achievement are still evident, and proficiency rates have not fully recovered to the levels seen prior to these new tests. Higher standards, coupled with new EOC-based graduation requirements and a changing student population continue to pose significant challenges to ensuring success for all students.

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June 2009 PLC Survey Results by Years of Experience Baenen, Nancy

13 View Abstract

On the High Five PLC Survey, most teachers, regardless of years of experience, viewed PLCs as having a positive impact on their work environment and student learning. Beginning teachers tended to have the highest percentage of agreement. The percentage of teachers agreeing that PLCs were having the desired impact increased between 2007-08 and 2008-09 for both beginning teachers and those with more experience. Thus, trends were in the desired direction.

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June 2009 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2007-08 Speas, Carol

23 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. In 2007-08, four alternate assessments were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. As in previous years, results for WCPSS students were mixed. NCEXTEND2 EOG results remained low (39% or less), and students with significant cognitive disabilities taking NCEXTEND1 assessments achieved 27-49% proficiency. More positively, high school students taking NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments achieved 66-67% proficiency (up from 22-48%), and students taking NCCLAS assessments (chiefly English language learners) achieved 17-60% in reading, 33-80% in mathematics, and 68% in English I (up from 22% and 59% in previous years). These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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May 2009 Wake County Public School System Promotion and Retention in Grades K-12, 2007-08 Paeplow, Colleen

6 View Abstract

Within the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), nearly all (96%) students in grades K-12 were promoted, with 4% retained at the end of the 2007-08 school year. Although the percentage of students retained is low, it represents 5,699 students who will require added instruction. For elementary and middle school students, retention requires a full year of additional instruction at an annual cost of $7,821 per student; for high school students it requires repeating courses at a somewhat lower cost. For each of the past three years more than 90% of students in all No Child Left Behind subgroups (ethnicity, free or reduced-price lunch, limited English proficient students, and students with disabilities) in WCPSS were promoted, but retention rates varied by subgroup. Although the overall retention rate in WCPSS was 4.3%, the percentage of tudents in each subgroup retained varied from 2% to more than 9% in 2007-08.

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May 2009 Professional Learning Community (PLC) Implementation: WCPSS 2008-09 High Five PLC Survey Results Jackl, Andrew

37 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) continues to implement Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) as a research-based method of increasing student achievement and improving teaching effectiveness. Teachers were surveyed in 2007-08 and again in 2008-09 to obtain data about the status of PLC implementation efforts within the district. The 2008-09 results showed a strong level of support for the PLC concept (71% to 89% of the survey respondents agreed or strongly agreed with statements pertaining to each of the six core PLC themes). In most instances, teachers responded more positively to the survey items in 2008-09 than they did the year before. In short, survey results suggest that the district is making progress towards its goal of full PLC implementation.

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May 2009 Comprehensive List of WCPSS Programs 2008-09 Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

90 View Abstract

WCPSS needed a consistent system for creating an inventory of programs to build capacity to evaluate all program efforts. For this inventory, "program" was defined as any planned and sustained educational effort designed to improve learning outcomes or school/classroom conditions. Overall, 29 centrally coordinated and 187 school-based programs were identified. Supports targeting academic achievement were more common than those for behavior or climate. Centrally-coordinated academic interventions at the elementary level impacted a greater number of students in literacy than in mathematics; these counts were more evenly distributed at both the middle and high school level. School-based programs tend to address literacy and mathematics at similar levels.

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May 2009 WCPSS Assessment Item Bank Summary Report May 2009 Callipare, Amy

283 View Abstract

'The Wake County Public Schools' (WCPSS) Assessment Item Bank was surveyed to determine the current number of items and to help in developing future plans for the system. First, the Department of Public Instruction's (DPI) goals and objectives were compared to those listed in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank. The number of items present in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank was determined for each subject area, by grade and objective. The number of items in the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank was then compared to the state assessment numbers for each objective. This information was used to help determine the areas of need for future efforts to further expand the WCPSS Assessment Item Bank.

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April 2009 The Relationship between Quarterly and End-of-Grade Reading Assessments 2007-08 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

6 View Abstract

Elementary and middle schools in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) are given the opportunity to use periodic assessments throughout the year as a tool to determine how well their students are learning the curriculum. The students then take the required End-of-Grade (EOG) test at the end of the year. An analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between those two means of assessment. This study showed high correlations between the two types of assessments, emphasizing the value of using assessments year-long in order to identify students in need of extra help.

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March 2009 Comparison of SAS© EVAAS© Results and WCPSS Effectiveness Index Results Holdzkom, David
McMillen, Brad

15 View Abstract

Comparison of SAS© EVAAS© Results and WCPSS Effectiveness Index Results

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March 2009 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2007-08 Stevens, Wendy

27 View Abstract

The percentage of mathematics tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores rose slightly in 2007-08 to 78% from 76% in 2006-07. New End-of-Grade standards had a distinct impact on the results for the reading tests. The percentage of WCPSS students in grades 3-8 that scored in Level III or IV on reading tests fell to 66%, but remained ahead of state rates. Disaggregation by race/ethnicity, income level, and disability status showed an increase in learning gaps between the lowest and highest performing student groups in reading, and a decrease in the gaps in mathematics.

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February 2009 A Status Report Of Positive Behavior Intervention And Support In The Wake County Public School System Rhea, Anisa

82 View Abstract

Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) is a national initative to reform the learning environments of schools by establishing expectations, reducing behavioral problems, and supporting academic performance. Unlike other state evaluations, this report uses cluster analysis to identify a group of schools to serve as a comparison group. This report presents mixed results on the effectiveness of PBIS in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Elementary schools achieved the highest levels of implementation in 2007-08, followed by middle schools, whereas high schools had not fully implemented PBIS. School-level analysis of outcomes offers little evidence of the success of Cohort 1 PBIS schools in producing consistent positive changes in climate, behavioral, and academic outcomes. Moreover, general trends were similar for PBIS and comparison schools, with differences most often favoring comparison schools. Participants of interviews and focus groups describe the positive impact of PBIS on promoting consistent behavior expectations and reducing tardy rates.

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February 2009 North Carolina Virtual Public School in WCPSS Update for Fall 2007, Spring 2008, and Summer 2008 Baenen, Nancy
Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

33 View Abstract

North Carolina Virtual Public School (NCVPS) has changed since summer 2007, with more traditional courses and fewer credit-recovery courses. Total NCVPS initial enrollments of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students were much lower in Fall 2007 (139), Spring 2008 (198), and Summer 2008 (430) than in Summer 2007 (1,378). Students were more likely to complete courses after Summer 2007. However, students enrolled in Fall 2007 and Spring 2008 were more likely to drop courses with failure after the deadline than to do so before the cutoff date. Percentages of final enrollments with passing NCVPS course grades increased from 47% in Summer 2007 to 64%, 84%, and 70% in the fall, spring, and summer, respectively. In Summer 2008, pass rates for EOC courses were somewhat lower than for other courses, with relatively low pass rates on EOC tests.

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February 2009 2007-08 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

2007-08 WCPSS Dropout Rate

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February 2009 ABCs and AYP Results, Wake County Public School System: 2007-08 Boykin, Anne-Sylvie

10 View Abstract

The North Carolina ABCs Accountability Model has two components: The performance composite and growth. Using those two components, each school is assigned into a recognition category and designated as having met Expected or High Growth. Under the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) provision, a school meets Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) if all subgroups with 40 or more students reach pre-set targets in reading and mathematics, and if the school shows progress in its graduation or attendance rate. Eighty-six percent of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) schools met Expected or High Growth in 2007-08. Sixty percent of WCPSS schools received the designation of School of Progress. Twenty-eight out of 153 schools (18%) met AYP.

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February 2009 Middle School Algebra I: Effective Instructional Strategies with Comparison to High School Practices Haynie, Glenda
McMillen, Brad

41 View Abstract

This study examined practices of teachers in Wake County Public Schools' (WCPSS) middle school Algebra I classes. Regression analyses of standardized state testing results allowed for identification of the most effective and least effective Algebra I teachers. The study used surveys, observations, and focus group interviews to compare and contrast most effective teachers with less effective teachers. It found that the most effective middle school algebra teachers held a significantly more positive attitude toward their students than did less effective teachers. They had high expectations for all students, used mathematics vocabulary appropriately, had a structured classroom management style, taught bell to bell using an invigorated pace, and had a classroom culture in which students were free to ask questions, contribute, and offer explanations. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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February 2009 High School Mathematics Course-Taking Patterns of Middle School Algebra I Students Haynie, Glenda

13 View Abstract

This study is a follow-up study to one of effective instructional practices of two Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) middle school Algebra I teachers (Haynie, 2009). In order to study the potential impact of middle school Algebra I teachers on math course taking in high school, the 2003-04 8th grade Algebra I students of the most effective (T1) and least effective(B1) teachers from the aforementioned study were examined further. In high school, 97% of T1's students took Honors Geometry in 9th grade compared to 77% of B1's students. In 12th grade, 62% of T1's students took AP Calculus or higher course compared to 38% of B1's students.

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January 2009 Best Practices to Promote High School Graduation Baenen, Nancy

13 View Abstract

Significant attention and resources have been focused on reforming high schools to enhance graduation rates. The research literature supports the following practices: For struggling students, accurate identification and intensive instructional, monitoring, and counseling support For 9th graders, transition activities, personalization, and academic support strategies For teachers, intensive training to help them provide effective instruction and support, particularly for students showing signs of risk.

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January 2009 Overview of Practices to Promote High School Graduation Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

Significant attention and resources have been focused on reforming high schools to enhance graduation rates. The research literature supports the following practices: For struggling students, accurate identification and intensive instructional, monitoring, and counseling support For 9th graders, transition activities, personalization, and academic support strategies For teachers, intensive training to help them provide effective instruction and support, particularly for students showing signs of risk.

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November 2008 The Relationship Between Blue Diamond and End-of-Grade Mathematics Assessments WCPSS Elementary and Middle Schools, 2007-2008 McMillen, Brad

4 View Abstract

The Relationship Between Blue Diamond and End-of-Grade Mathematics Assessments WCPSS Elementary and Middle Schools, 2007-2008

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November 2008 High School Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System: 2007-08 Haynie, Glenda

6 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction has reported a four-year on-time cohort graduation rate for each high school and district for three years. This rate is based on the number of first-time 9th grade students who graduate four years later. The graduation rate for 2007-08 is based on incoming 9th grade students of 2004-05. While the overall 2007-08 WCPSS rate of 78.8% was relatively high compared to the state and other school districts, large discrepancies exist between student subgroups. Black/African American students, Hispanic/Latino students, and students from three identified academic risk groups (students with disabilities, students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, and students with limited English proficiency) had graduation rates below that of other students.

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October 2008 Middle School Grading: Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) 2006-07 and 2007-08 Paeplow, Colleen

34 View Abstract

This study examined the distribution of middle school reading and mathematics grades in 2006-07 and 2007-08 and the correlation of students' classroom grades and End-of-Grade (EOG) scores in 2006-07. Most students (80% or more) received an A, B, or C in reading and mathematics. Among Level IV students, the percentage with an A in the classroom varied by ethnicity. Mathematics grades had a slightly stronger correlation to the newly revised mathematics EOG scores than did reading grades to the 2006-07 reading EOG scores. Middle school grades of A-F had a weaker correlation to EOG scores than that found for standards-based grading and EOG scores at the elementary school level. Schools varied considerably in terms of the percentage of students receiving an A or B who scored at or above grade level on the EOG.

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October 2008 Wake County Public School System K-5 Assessment Results 2007-08 Districtwide Summary Jackl, Andrew

21 View Abstract

In 2007-08, WCPSS K-5 assessment results were similar to past years. Some changes were implemented in the writing assessment methods. The percentage of students demonstrating proficiency was 85% for book level standards and 72% for reading strands. Mathematics mastery was 69% of students. Writing results for strands was 52%, content rubric was 69%, and conventions rubric was 57%. Differences by subject likely reflect differences in standards for the assessments. NCLB subgroup analyses revealed gaps between ethnic groups and groups with and without risk factors. Between 2006-07 and 2007-08, notable improvements were evident for Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, and Limited English Proficient populations, helping to close the achievement gaps slightly.

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October 2008 Helping High-Performing Students Achieve at Higher Levels: A Review of the Literature Yaman, Kimberly

11 View Abstract

Helping High-Performing Students Achieve at Higher Levels: A Review of the Literature

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October 2008 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2007-08 McMillen, Brad

4 View Abstract

WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2007-08

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August 2008 Analysis of 2007-08 WCPSS SAT Scores Gilleland, Kevin
Holdzkom, David

10 View Abstract

Analysis of 2007-08 WCPSS SAT Scores

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June 2008 Standards-Based Grading 2005-06 and 2006-07 Paeplow, Colleen

26 View Abstract

Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) uses a standards-based grading policy at the elementary school level that aligns with North Carolina's Student Accountability Standards and the WCPSS Promotion/Intervention policy. This evaluation examined the distribution of grades given in 2005-06 and 2006-07 and the correlation of students' grades and End-of-Grade (EOG) scores in 2006-07. The study found that over three fourths of students were graded as proficient in reading and mathematics. In reading and mathematics grade K-2 students earned higher grades than their 3-5 counterparts; overall, mathematics grades were lower than reading across the K-5 grade levels. Fourth-quarter reading and mathematics grades were correlated with reading and mathematics' EOG scores. Mathematics grades had a stronger correlation to the newly revised mathematics EOG scores than did fourthquarter reading grades to the current reading EOG scores. Furthermore, a student scoring proficient within the classroom has a greater likelihood of being proficient on their EOG than those with below grade-level scores.

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June 2008 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2006-07 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

24 View Abstract

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities (SWD) and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. In 2006-07, five alternate assessments - two new and three continuing ones from the previous year - were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. Four options were used by WCPSS students, and results were mixed. While students with significant cognitive disabilities in grades 3-8 taking the new NCEXTEND1 assessments achieved 63-89% proficiency, only 22-48% of high school students taking the new NCEXTEND2 OCS assessments achieved proficiency. In the second year of implementation, NCEXTEND2 EOG assessment results remained low (31% or less), while students (chiefly English language learners) taking NCCLAS assessments achieved 63-88% proficiency, up from 10-65% in the previous year. These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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June 2008 WCPSS Educators' Responses to the 2008 Teacher Working Conditions Survey Holdzkom, David

27 View Abstract

Results of the most recent survey of Teachers Working Conditions show increased rates of agreement in comparison to a similar survey taken in 2006. Responses on four out of five factors (time, facilities & resources, leadership and professional development) were more positive for WCPSS and for the state as a whole. Particularly noteworthy is the increase in the percent of WCPSS respondents in 2008 choosing "Strongly agree" as opposed to "agree" in the earlier survey.

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May 2008 WCPSS Professional Learning Communities: 2007-08 Implementation Status Reichstetter, Rosemary

62 View Abstract

Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) are in the implementation stages throughout the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Results from the 2007-08 High Five PLC Survey of teachers throughout the school system, as well as observations and focus group interviews in selected schools, show that strong support continues for PLC implementation overall, (66% to 87% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed with statements about each PLC element). Results suggest PLC concepts and work efforts are well underway and are growing in implementation. Challenges cited include finding time for PLC team work and remediation of student skills, increasing the understanding of all staff of PLC concepts, and increasing teachers' skills in developing and using quality formative assessments.

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April 2008 WCPSS High School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 Baenen, Nancy

108 View Abstract

Many indicators of performance, persistence, and academic rigor for WCPSS high school students point toward the relative success of WCPSS high school students. Student achievement remains high compared to state and national results, and an increasing number of students are pursuing rigorous AP coursework in high school. The skills and abilities that WCPSS graduates obtain appear to serve them well in the University of North Carolina (UNC) system, which is the most common educational destination for WCPSS graduates. However, changing student populations and rising academic standards are challenging the system's ability to sustain and increase academic performance for all students. Gaps in achievement have increased, with higher percentages of minority students and students with academic risk factors at risk of not graduating on time, compared to other groups.

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April 2008 Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID): WCPSS Program Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Lougée, Aimee

57 View Abstract

This evaluation examined the implementation and effectiveness of the AVID program in middle schools throughout the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Survey results and school visits revealed considerable inconsistencies in implementation across schools. Specifically, selection criteria were not consistently understood and applied, all staff members implementing the program were not able to attend AVID training, and some schools emphasized enrollment in Algebra I in eighth grade more than others as a desired outcome of AVID participation. Attrition from the program was high, with 38% of those enrolled in grade 6 in 2005-06 continuing with the program through grade 8 in 2007-08. The stated goal of having all AVID students enroll in Algebra I by grade 8 was not met, although a higher percentage of AVID students in grade 8 enrolled in Algebra I than was true system wide (50% vs. 28%).

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April 2008 Facts for Families No.2 Your Child and the Kindergarten Initial Assessment Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

Describes the Kindergarten Initial Assessment which all students are given as they enter kindergarten to assess their beginning skills. Also describes the kinds of skills that are helpful for students to have in kindergarten.

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April 2008 Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) Elementary School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 Holdzkom, David

92 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for elementary students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades K-5 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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April 2008 WCPSS Middle School Student Outcomes: 2006-07 McMillen, Brad

81 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for middle school students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades 6-8 continue to do well on most achievement measures, but there are significant gaps in outcomes between different student subgroups, including ethnic groups, program groups, and also between male and female students. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report also describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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March 2008 Effective Teaching Practices in U.S. History Haynie, Glenda
Stephani, Melinda

30 View Abstract

This study analyzed the instructional practices of more versus less effective U.S. History teachers identified by a multiple regression model. Using surveys, observations, and focus-group interviews, the study found that the most effective teachers had a more complete package of rigor, relevance, and relationship strategies than less effective teachers. Effective teachers had strong content knowledge, prepared their own materials, taught reading and note-taking skills, used time wisely, and connected history to themes across time. Relationships with students were of utmost importance to effective teachers. They gave frequent positive feedback and believed that all students could succeed. Effective teachers created an atmosphere of mutual respect, in which both teachers and students were enthusiastic. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts in a number of ways.

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February 2008 2006-07 WCPSS Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin

4 View Abstract

2006-07 WCPSS Dropout Rate

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February 2008 Public Issues Confronting the WCPSS Board of Education as Perceived by Focus Group Interview Participants Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

6 View Abstract

In an effort to understand the issues that the citizens of Wake County believe confront the Board of Education, two focus group interviews were conducted in November 2007 with the Community Relations Committee (CRC). The two groups both identified population growth as a major root cause of many of the issues confronting the school system. Many of the issues identified by the interviewed groups may be thought of as nested, or embedded. The focus group interviews identified three major impacts of this rapid growth on the school district: providing high quality facilities and educational programs, creating a student assignment plan that is fair and provides some measure of predictability, and coping with the increasing diversity of the student population.

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February 2008 Helping Improve Achievement for Students with Multiple Academic Risk Factors Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

See abstracts document

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February 2008 Improving Student Success in High School Algebra I by Identifying Successful Teachers and Schools Haynie, Glenda
Kellogg, Athena

30 View Abstract

This study examined practices of teachers in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) high school Algebra I classes. Regression analyses of standardized state testing results allowed for identification of the most effective and least effective Algebra I teachers and schools. The study used surveys, observations, and focus group interviews to compare and contrast most effective teachers with less effective teachers It found that the most effective algebra teachers averaged 68% of their time on new material daily; averaged seven transitions in ninety minutes; used sustaining feedback; had structured classes with a culture of mutual respect; told their students what to expect on tests and cautioned them about possible errors; emphasized problem solving and processes; and exhibited a sense of humor. These results can be used to motivate teacher and school improvement efforts.

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January 2008 Facts for Families No.1 What Research Suggests to Help Your Student Achieve Baenen, Nancy

2 View Abstract

See abstracts document

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January 2008 Research on Poverty and School Achievement: An Annotated Bibliography Holdzkom, David

6 View Abstract

Research on Poverty and School Achievement: An Annotated Bibliography

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November 2007 North Carolina Virtual Public Schools Review of Summer School 2007 Rhea, Anisa

27 View Abstract

In summer 2007, 995 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students enrolled in online courses provided free of charge by the North Carolina Virtual Public School (NCVPS). Whereas most students were seeking to recover credits, some students enrolled in courses for credit acceleration. Students who elected to take accelerated courses were more likely than students registered for credit recovery courses to terminate their enrollment. Few students who initially enrolled in NCVPS had successful academic outcomes as indicated by the small proportion who received passing course grades from NCVPS (28.2%) and who demonstrated proficiency on End-of-Course (EOC) exams (13.5%). However, students enrolled for credit acceleration had higher success rates on both measures than students trying to recover credits. Survey results reveal that students taking accelerated EOC courses were also likely to possess the characteristics attributed to successful online learners. The guidelines for enrollment and the structures and processes of NCVPS should be evaluated to assess whether participation in NCVPS is an appropriate option to promote students' academic success.

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November 2007 Analysis of Achievement Data Boykin, Anne-Sylvie
Holdzkom, David

4 View Abstract

Analysis of Achievement Data

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October 2007 Project IRIS: Intensive Reading Intervention Study, A Three-Year Follow-Up Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

21 View Abstract

In 2002-03, the Intensive Reading Intervention Study (IRIS) was implemented in six Wake County Public School System elementary schools. The intervention was designed to help 1st-grade students experiencing reading difficulty meet grade-level standards and show sufficient progress to maintain that status in future years. An initial study examined the effects on students' 1st-grade reading skills. This follow-up study investigates students' reading skills through grade 4. Results generally show strong reading outcomes for students in both experimental and control groups, with no statistically significant differences in terms of percent proficient in reading and average reading performance. A more favorable and statistically significant average reading residual was found for 3rd-grade experimental group students compared to their counterparts. Students in both groups were placed in special education, provided remedial support, or retained in grade at about the same rates between grades 1 and 4.

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October 2007 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2006-07 McMillen, Brad

4 View Abstract

WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results, 2006-07

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August 2007 WCPSS Students with Multiple Academic Risks: Achievement Patterns and School Experiences Baenen, Nancy
Ives, Sarah
Paeplow, Colleen
Reichstetter, Rosemary

112 View Abstract

This study focused on effective practices for students with multiple academic risk factors (students with disabilities, students eligible for free or reduced price lunch, and/or students with limited English proficiency). Achievement performance patterns over several years differ between students making stronger and weaker achievement growth on End-of-Grade tests. Sixteen case studies of 5th and 8th graders revealed that students with positive achievement patterns were more likely to show signs of resilience in their personal characteristics, school experiences, and/or home support than were students with negative achievement patterns. Teachers of both groups used some methods recommended in national research (such as small-group work, structure, and collaboration). A specific focus on language development was not mentioned. Homework was a common problem.

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June 2007 Effective Practices for Elementary School Students with Multiple Needs Baenen, Nancy

4 View Abstract

Document summarizes a larger study about elementary school-level practices that can make a difference in promoting the achievement growth of multiple-risk students: high expectations, positive attitudes about being able to meet students' needs with the resources available, supportive administrative leadership that allocates resources effectively, professional training, formal and information collaboration to help students, and more frequent use of teacher-led instruction.

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June 2007 Effective Practices for Middle School Students with Multiple Needs Baenen, Nancy

4 View Abstract

School-level practices can make a difference in promoting the achievement growth of multiple-risk students. At the middle school level, effective school staffs were more likely to; focus more on how to address student needs and less on barriers to addressing needs; have more informal administrator visits in classrooms; have more positive attitudes and training in working with at-risk groups, and more frequently use resources such as assessment data, extra adults in classrooms, technology, and instructional pacing guides.

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June 2007 WCPSS Alternate Assessment Results, 2005-06 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

19 View Abstract

The NC Department of Public Instruction revised the alternate assessment system for students with disabilities and/or limited English proficiency (LEP) in 2005-06. Four alternate assessments--two new and two continuing ones--were available for use in grades/courses where the state typically tests students. Results were mixed for the new NC Checklist of Academic Standards (option chiefly for English language learners new in U.S. schools): proficiency rates in language assessments were below 30%, while proficiency rates in mathematics, in some grades, were higher than those of LEP students taking standard EOG tests. Results for the other new option, NCEXTEND2 (for students without significant cognitive disabilities but with disabilities that preclude their attaining gradelevel proficiency within a single school year), were less than 30% at each grade in reading and mathematics. These and other outcomes are detailed in this report.

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May 2007 Student Survey Results: 2005-06 Huebeler, Amy

20 View Abstract

In May 2006, a student survey was distributed to each 4th-, 7th-, and 10th-grade student in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). The survey asked a variety of questions in order to measure students' overall feelings about their school. Most students at each grade level (90% of 4th-grade students, 78% of 7th-grade students, and 72% of 10th-grade students) participated in the survey. In general, 4th-grade students responded more favorably to the survey questions than students in 7th and 10th grades. The results are most meaningful when summarized within each grade level or when compared across grade levels.

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April 2007 Magnet Program Review Regan, Roger
Rhea, Anisa

52 View Abstract

This review evaluates the effectiveness of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) magnet schools in meeting the objectives established by the Wake County Board of Education in April 2005. Data show that magnet schools positively contribute to the optimal utilization of school facilities in WCPSS. Many magnet schools and neighboring schools would experience under-utilization or unfavorable changes in the demographic composition of their student populations if they were demagnetized. Analysis also suggests that magnet schools effectively promote diverse student populations and reduce high concentrations of poverty by drawing students from more affluent families to their schools. Magnet schools tend to show similar achievement trends as non-magnet schools with similar student populations. Surveyed magnet school principals describe how the expanded educational opportunities offered at their magnet schools positively impact students' academic and personal growth. Finally, interviewed magnet program administrators concur that magnet programs provide education innovation as a means of attracting parents and students to under-utilized schools.

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April 2007 Professional Learning Community (PLC) Implementation WCPSS 2006-07 Baseline Survey Results Baenen, Nancy
Reichstetter, Rosemary

21 View Abstract

Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) are being developed in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) to promote continuous improvement and student success. Baseline results from a 2006-07 survey show strong support for PLC concepts/expectations among school staff (at least 88% rated themes as medium or high priority), with lower implementation levels (60-73%) per theme. Sustained implementation of PLCs was reported by 24-30% of staff for each theme. Results suggest training in PLC concepts and strategies should be well received in WCPSS, and that increased implementation is clearly possible.

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March 2007 WCPSS Elementary School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

99 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for elementary students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades K-5 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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March 2007 WCPSS Middle School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Baenen, Nancy
Holdzkom, David

84 View Abstract

This report draws together various academic performance results for middle school students in WCPSS. Generally speaking, students in grades 6-8 continue to do well on most literacy measures, but there has been a decline in mathematics EOG performance, largely resulting from the State Board of Education's action to create more rigorous cut scores for achievement levels. Results for the new test of computer skills are also a concern. Analysis of student outcomes is provided at the grade level as well as for subgroups. This report describes demographic trends that impact our student outcomes as well as information about students retained in grade. Finally, the report provides summaries of several research and evaluation efforts related to effective practices for promoting student achievement.

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March 2007 WCPSS High School Student Outcomes 2005-06 Holdzkom, David
McMillen, Brad

93 View Abstract

Looking across various indicators of performance, persistence, and academic rigor for WCPSS high school students, many indicators point toward the relative success of WCPSS high school students. Student achievement remains high compared to state and national results, and an increasing number of students are pursuing rigorous AP coursework in high school. In addition, the skills and abilities that WCPSS graduates obtain appear to serve them well in the UNC system, which is the most common post-high school educational destination for WCPSS graduates. However, significant challenges remain related to changing student populations and rising academic standards which are challenging the system's ability to sustain and increase academic performance for all students.

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February 2007 High School Graduation Rates: 2005-06 Haynie, Glenda
McMillen, Brad

5 View Abstract

For the first time, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction is reporting a four-year ontime graduation rate for each high school and district across the state based on the incoming 9th grade class of 2002-03. This rate is based on the number of those 9th grade students who graduated four years later (by the Spring of 2006). While the overall WCPSS rate of 82.6% was relatively high compared to the state and other school districts, large discrepancies exist between student subgroups. Black/African American students, Hispanic/Latino students, and students from three identified risk groups (students with disabilities, students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, and students with limited English proficiency) had graduation rates below that of other students.

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November 2006 WAKE COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM K-5 Rhea, Anisa

32 View Abstract

Moderate to high percentages of Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students demonstrated grade-level performance on most K-5 assessment measures in 2005-06. Second grade students' writing performance was considerably lower on their unassisted writing samples with only 26.6% meeting the stage-of-writing standard. Overall performance on literacy assessments remained relatively constant compared to previous years' results, whereas slight declines were apparent in mathematics mastery levels. The most striking improvement was found among reading book-level proficiency rates in which kindergarten students experienced a ten-percentage point increase. K-5 assessment results reveal reading and mathematics achievement gaps between subgroups. Hispanic/Latino students, free or reducedprice lunch (FRL) students, students with disabilities (SWD), and limited English proficiency (LEP) students had the lowest performance rates. These student subgroups did experience gains in reading book-level proficiency between 2004-05 and 2005-06; however, their mathematics proficiency decreased slightly, with the exception of LEP students. Readers should be aware that in 2005-06, the rate of missing K-5 assessment data was higher than in 2004-05.

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October 2006 Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services at Hodge Road Elementary 2005-06 Paeplow, Colleen

16 View Abstract

In 2005-06, four private agencies provided 252 Hodge Road students with supplemental educational services as one component of the federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Only students receiving free or reduced-price lunch (FRL) were eligible. More than half of those served scored at or above grade level before service, while some students who scored below grade level were not eligible. The curricular materials used were remedial and not designed to extend the learning of students scoring at grade level. At grades 1-2, the percentage of students reaching grade level in literacy increased for those served; this was not the case for not-served students. Both served and not served students improved End-of-Grade (EOG) reading performance at grades 3-5. Students who had multiple risk factors (limited English proficient [LEP] or students with disabilities [SWD] in addition to FRL) showed the greatest increases in the percentage of students at grade level. A major caution when interpreting the results is that analyses could not control for other intervention efforts that may have contributed to results found.

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October 2006 Effective Practices for At-Risk Elementary and Middle School Students Baenen, Nancy
Gilewicz, Ed
Ives, Sarah
Lynn, Amy
Warren, Tom
Yaman, Kimberly

72 View Abstract

The students who have the most difficulty reaching accountability standards in Wake County Public Schools are those with more than one of the following characteristics: recipients of free or reduced-price lunch, students with disabilities, and/or students with limited English proficiency. The Evaluation and Research Department identified elementary and middle schools that differed in their effectiveness in promoting achievement growth for these students. Quantitative and qualitative analyses suggest differences in both attitudes and practices. The more effective schools had higher expectations for these students, and greater confidence in their ability to meet students' needs. Evidence suggested more effective administrative leadership/support, training, and utilization of resources. Higher-growth middle schools utilized assessments to inform instruction more frequently, and higher-growth elementary schools had more structured collaboration around student needs. Further research is planned.

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October 2006 Defining a Professional Learning Community: A Literature Review Reichstetter, Rosemary

4 View Abstract

Summarizing a nonexhaustive review of the literature, the following definition is suggested for a professional learning community: A professional learning community is made up of team members who regularly collaborate toward continued improvement in meeting learner needs through a shared curricular-focused vision. Facilitating this effort are: supportive leadership and structural conditions, collective challenging, questioning, and reflecting on team-designed lessons and instructional practices/experiences, and team decisions on essential learning outcomes and intervention/enrichment activities based on results of common formative student assessments.

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October 2006 WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results 2005-06 School Year McMillen, Brad

5 View Abstract

WCPSS Advanced Placement (AP) Test Results 2005-06 School Year

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September 2006 SAT Scores: 2005-06 Gilleland, Kevin

8 View Abstract

SAT Scores: 2005-06

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July 2006 High School Redesign 2004-05 Reichstetter, Rosemary

51 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) strengthened the rigor, relevance, and relationships within its high schools in 2004-05; a primary strategy was the adoption on a block schedule. This progress report found an increase in more rigorous academic opportunities. Higher numbers of enrollees engaged in advanced courses and generally stable or higher academic success was achieved with End-of-Course exams, grade point averages, and credits earned. Greater relevance in coursework was evident and a wider variety of instructional practices. Staff promoted stronger student-staff relationships by emphasizing personalization. The majority of students and teachers reported fewer discipline concerns in classes, and students felt connected with their schools. Dropout and suspension rates did not decline.

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June 2006 Academically Gifted (AG) Basics Program Regan, Roger
Rhea, Anisa

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This study focuses on access to and academic effectiveness of the Academically Gifted (AG) Basics Program at four magnet schools in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS ). The magnet schools are Fuller and Hunter elementary schools and Carnage and Ligon middle schools. Although AG-identified students receive special instruction at all WCPSS schools, the services in AG Basics schools are different in structure and intensity. Magnet application data for the 2005-06 school year show that the AG Basics Program is attracting students from all areas of Wake County; however, the percentage of applications accepted does vary somewhat by region. The performance of AG students at these schools, as measured by the End-of-Grade (EOG) exams, is relatively similar to other AG students in WCPSS schools. Additional measures of academic performance are not examined. Based on EOG results, AG students appear to have access to a quality education throughout WCPSS. This study also shows strong performance in reading and mathematics among all Level IV students regardless of the school they attend; however, all Level IV students have room for improvement.

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May 2006 Predictive Assessment of Reading (PAR) and Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) K-2 Literacy Program 2004-05 Paeplow, Colleen

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This evaluation examined 1,524 students in grade 1 at 13 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) schools that participated in the Predictive Assessment of Reading (PAR) study in 2004-05. It also examined their participation in the Accelerated Learning Program K-2 Literacy Program during 2004-05. Both literacy initiatives focused on identifying students in need of additional assistance and providing support to those students. Student success was measured by the PAR assessment and WCPSS instructional book levels. The PAR assessment was used to determine the benefit of PAR only and PAR plus ALP K-2, the correlation of the two instruments, and whether PAR and ALP K-2 identified the same students as at-risk. Although the experimental and control groups saw similar results overall, students who participated in the ALP K-2 program saw greater gains among the experimental group. While PAR participants showed substantial improvement on the PAR assessment, ALP K-2 participants showed similar gains on book level with or without full PAR support. There was a significant positive relationship between students' performance on the PAR assessment and book level and a substantial overlap in the students identified as at-risk of failure by both programs.

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May 2006 Fragile Futures: Risk and Vulnerability Among Latino High Achievers, a Policy Information Report by ETS, December 2005 Speas, Carol

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Fragile Futures: Risk and Vulnerability Among Latino High Achievers, a Policy Information Report by ETS, December 2005

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April 2006 Effective Biology Teaching: A Value-Added Instructional Improvement Analysis Model Haynie, Glenda

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This research study developed a value-added instructional improvement analysis model. North Carolina state testing results were used in regression and residual analyses of student achievement. This analysis allowed for identification of the "most effective" and "least effective" biology teachers in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). The study found that the "most effective" biology teachers were focused on the delivery of biology instruction; resisted distractions from their classroom efforts; maximized student use of class time; studied and planned with other teachers using the North Carolina Biology Standard Course of Study; focused all student time on the Standard Course of Study goals; carefully planned teacher controlled student activities; and used data to guide their instructional practice.

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March 2006 Partnership For Educational Success Status Report 2004-05 Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

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Initiated in 2001-02, the Partnership for Educational Success (PES) is a collaboration between the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) and Wake County Human Services (WCHS) designed to help at-risk students achieve grade-level performance. In 2004-05, 51 schools chose to participate in PES. A total of 545 students (including 285 referred students and 260 siblings) from 275 families were served. Kindergarten through 2nd-grade students composed the largest percentage of students served in 2004-05, and only small numbers of preschool and high school students were served. Students referred to PES did not always meet academic eligibility criteria of performing below benchmarks or grade-level standards. Although analyses of K-2 assessment data and End-of-Grade (EOG) exams show some gains in achievement, an overall positive impact of PES was not identified. In 2004-05, students' growth over one year was at predicted levels compared to similar students in WCPSS. About half of teachers reported that PES was effective in supporting student success.

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March 2006 2004-05 Wake County Public Schools' Dropout Rate Gilleland, Kevin
McMillen, Brad

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2004-05 Wake County Public Schools' Dropout Rate

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March 2006 Parent Survey Results 2005-06 Huebeler, Amy
McMillen, Brad

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In December 2005 and January 2006, a parent survey was sent home with each student in Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS). The survey asked parents a variety of questions in order to measure their satisfaction with their child's school. The 2005-06 survey results indicate that a high percentage of parents are satisfied with their child's school. Responses to each question were either similar to or more positive than the 2003-04 parent survey results. Parents of elementary school students responded more favorably than all of WCPSS combined. Although the response rate of 35% was lower than in previous years, the results are largely consistent with past parent survey data. However, due to low response rates at some schools, the survey results should be generalized with caution.

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February 2006 Project Achieve Evaluation: Year Four, 2004-05 Baenen, Nancy
Carpenter, Megan
Dudley, Kristy

35 View Abstract

Project Achieve, a local instructional initiative used by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), was adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The program grew from eight to 19 WCPSS schools over four years, and all 16 continuing schools had a higher percentage of students at or above grade level in spring 2005 than prior to the program. Fourth-year results were relatively positive. Nine of 19 (47%) participating schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard (including two of the new schools), compared to 40% of other WCPSS elementary and middle schools. Eleven of 19 schools (58%) -- compared to 35% of other WCPSS elementary and middle schools -- increased the percentage of students at or above grade level between spring of 2004 and spring 2005.

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December 2005 Advanced Placement (AP) Course-Taking, Exam Participation, and Exam Results, 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck
McMillen, Brad

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The first section of this bulletin summarizes Advanced Placement (AP) course participation and AP exam data for the Wake County Public School System for the 2004-05 school year. Overall, the percentage of high school students who took at least one AP course increased from 14.1% in 2003-04 to 15.7% in 2004-05. About 59% of students who took an AP course took the corresponding AP exam for that course, and about 78% of those exam scores were 3 or higher, which is the College Board's threshold for mastery. The second section reports on a more in-depth study of AP results for students from the 2003-04 school year that looks at the relationship between 8th-grade achievement and success in AP courses.

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December 2005 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2004-05 Haynie, Glenda
McMillen, Brad

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End-of-Course (EOC) test results in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) for 2004-05 remained largely unchanged from 2003-04. Average scale scores rose slightly in four subjects and dropped slightly in three others. The percentage of students scoring proficient (Level III or IV) dropped slightly in six subjects and rose slightly in two others. Proficiency rates exceeded 85% in Algebra I, Algebra II, English I, Chemistry, and Physics. Physical Science had the lowest proficiency rate (67.2%) but showed the largest improvement for the second consecutive year. Significant gaps remain among various student subgroups based on factors such as ethnicity, disability status, and family income. Among ethnic groups, Black/African American students have demonstrated the largest proficiency gains on six of the eight EOC tests since 1998-99.

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December 2005 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results, 2004-05 McMillen, Brad

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The percentage of reading and mathematics tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores fell slightly in 2004-05 to 90.8% from 91.1% in 2003-04. The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV was slightly higher in mathematics (91.4%) than in reading (90.4%). The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV in reading showed slight increases at all grade levels except grade 4, while percentages in mathematics rose slightly in grades 6 and 7 and fell in grades 3, 4, and 5. Female students out performed male students in both subjects. Disaggregation by race/ethnicity, income level, and disability status showed either no change or a small increase in the percentage of reading scores at Level III or IV and no change or a small decline in mathematics for most groups.

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December 2005 WCPSS Outcomes Summary for 2004-05, With an Emphasis on Achievement Gap Status Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) saw improved achievement between the late 1990s and 2003, both in overall trends and results disaggregated by subgroup. Achievement gaps began to close. The percentage of students scoring at grade level is now quite high. In the past three years, the percentage of lower income, minority, and limited-English-proficient students has increased, and the percentage of students at grade level has changed very little. Dropout and graduation rates show some closing of gaps between Black and White students, but not between Hispanic/Latino and White students. Identifying ways to further close achievement gaps and improve other student outcomes is challenging, especially in light of additional graduation requirements which will be added for students entering 9th grade in the 2006-07 school year.

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December 2005 Graduation Rates of the 1998-99 9TH-Grade Cohort Wake County Public School System Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda

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A study of 6,037 first-time Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) 1998-99 9th-grade students found that their overall four-year graduation rate was 80% and a five-year graduation rate was 83%. Female students (87%) were more likely to graduate than male students (79%). Asian (92%) and White (88%) students were more likely to graduate than Black/African American (68%) and Hispanic/Latino (72%) students. Black/African American male students were least likely to graduate (60%). The 1998 rate is six percentage points higher than a comparable 1995 rate. All ethnic subgroups improved, with Hispanic/Latino students increasing four points, Black/African American students increasing eight points, and Asian students increasing nine points.

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December 2005 SAT Results: 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck
McMillen, Brad

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This report summarizes national, state, and county SAT data for Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) graduating seniors who took the test any time during their high school years through March 2005. The statistics presented are primarily based on reports provided by the College Board and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. The average total SAT score for WCPSS graduating seniors in 2004-05 was 1075, up from 1063 in 2003-04. The average score on the verbal subtest increased from 524 to 527, while the average score on the mathematics subtest increased from 539 to 548. The participation rate for WCPSS graduating seniors dipped slightly for the second consecutive year, from 77% in 2003-04 to 75% in 2004-05. Both the WCPSS total SAT score and participation rate, however, remain higher than the corresponding state and national figures.

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October 2005 Wake County Public School System K-5 Assessment Results: 2004-05 Baenen, Nancy
Rhea, Anisa

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Most Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students showed grade-level proficiency on measures included in the K-5 literacy and mathematics assessment results for 2004-05. More than 70% of students met print concepts and reading book-level guidelines and achieved proficient writing rubric scores and mathematics strands. However, the percentages of students performing at or above grade level were considerably lower on expository (58%) and narrative (60%) assessments. Students tended to score one to two levels higher on End-of- Grade (EOG) assessments than on K-5 assessments (except Level IV). K-5 assessment results also reveal that achievement gaps exist between subgroups as early as the K-2 level.

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October 2005 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) met 66 out of 73 (90.4%) measurabledistrict targets in the third year of federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) accountability standards. The 2004-05 school year was the first year that the Annual Measurable Objectivesincreased. In grades 3-8, the objectives were 76.7% proficiency in reading, up from 68.9%, and 81.0% in math, up from 74.6%. In 10th grade, the Annual Measurable Objectives were given new starting points based on past student performance on English I, 10th-grade Writing, and Algebra I tests, which were approved as the high school primary tests. In spite of the new and increased targets, 63% of all WCPSS schools made AYP in 2004-05 (83 out of 132). Twenty-seven schools missed only one or two targets. Students with disabilities and recipients of free or reduced-price meals (economically disadvantaged) were the two subgroups that most often failed to meet AYP targets.

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August 2005 ABC Outcomes for WCPSS for 2004-05 Dulaney, Chuck

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ABC Outcomes for WCPSS for 2004-05

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July 2005 Student Support Team Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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Student Support Teams (SST) are designed to strengthen and support students who are experiencing academic, behavioral, family, and/or emotional difficulties that interfere with learning. SSTs develop and implement action plans using classroom-, school-, family-, and/or community-based strategies. In 2003-04, 80% of the 4,944 students served by SSTs were elementary students. Over half of the students referred for academic reasons scored on grade level before SST participation. Earlier SST meetings and family-based strategies were correlated with positive academic outcomes. Classroom-based strategies were correlated with fewer suspensions. Schools varied in their success in improving SST students' achievement. SST participants' growth in achievement was generally smaller than a matched comparison group over one year, but students could have differed in ways related to referral reasons. SST students closed the gap between their achievement and that of the district overall in some elementary grades but not at the secondary level.

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May 2005 Student Outcomes After Reassignment for School Socioeconomic Diversity: Year Two Follow-Up Baenen, Nancy

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This study examined whether reassignment, specifically when used to maintain socioeconomic diversity in WCPSS elementary schools, affects the academic outcomes of students over a two-year period. Results indicate that (1) only a small number of students in the year studied were reassigned only for diversity (with more reassigned for growth or other reasons). (2) Three-fourths of the students slated for reassignment did not attend the schools to which they had been assigned, instead choosing other options available to WCPSS students, such as magnet schools and special programs; and (3) reassigned students who did attend the schools to which they had been reassigned attained reasonable achievement in the two years following reassignment. Achievement results were mixed, with no clear advantage for either group. Only 37 students remained in their reassigned school by the end of year 2, so small sample sizes limit the generalizability of the results.

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May 2005 A Study of Student Mobility: Wake County Public School System 2002-03 Haynie, Glenda

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Eighty-seven percent of all Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students instructed during 2002-03 were continuously enrolled (CE) in one school from the first week of the school year until the last day of school. Across grade levels CE percentages steadily increased from only 82% in kindergarten to 94% in grade 12, except for a dip to 83% in ninth grade that was primarily due to dropouts. A majority of the students who were not continuously enrolled from the first week (MOBILE) were African-American/Black or Hispanic/Latino, and students in the MOBILE group were much more likely to come from low-income families than were students in the CE group. Passing rates and average scale scores on 5th, 8th, and 10th grade End-of-Grade (EOG) tests were lower for the MOBILE group than for the CE group in almost every comparison, even when controlling for ethnicity and family income differences.

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May 2005 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results: 2003-04 McMillen, Brad

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This report summarizes national, state, and county SAT data for Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) graduating seniors who took the test any time during their high school years through March 2004. The statistics presented are primarily based on reports provided by the College Board and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. The average total SAT score for WCPSS graduating seniors in 2003-04 was 1063, down from 1067 in 2002-03. The average score on the verbal subtest stayed at 524, while the average score on the mathematics subtest dropped from 543 to 539. The participation rate for WCPSS graduating seniors also dipped slightly from 80% in 2002-03 to 77% in 2003-04. Both the WCPSS total SAT score and participation rate, however, remain higher than the corresponding state and national figures.

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May 2005 The Impact of Mobility on Academic Achievement: A Review of the Literature Kaase, Kristopher

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The Impact of Mobility on Academic Achievement: A Review of the Literature

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April 2005 Improving Teacher Quality: Progress in Meeting NCLB (Title II-A) Requirements, 2003-04 Speas, Carol

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Overall, WCPSS is on track in meeting NCLB's Title II, Part A requirements for teacher quality and quality of professional development (PD). In 2003-04, all WCPSS teachers met the "highly qualified" standard. All lateral-entry teachers, as well as 89% of Title I-funded paraprofessionals, met new mandates. Further, 85% of Title II, Part A-funded PD activities were more intensive than a single day, up from 20% in 2002-03. District-wide, 75% of core area teachers completed at least one PD activity; 72% participated in "high quality" PD (comparable to a similar-sized NC district). Recruiting and retaining highly qualified teachers, as well as documenting the provision of high quality training to increasing percentages of teachers, will continue to be challenging.

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March 2005 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2003-04 Gilleland, Kevin

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Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2003-04

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March 2005 East Wake High School Evening Program Reichstetter, Rosemary

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The East Wake High School Evening Program study focused on whether the program was meeting its original intent and was cost/beneficial. The focus changed from serving only dropouts or students likely to drop out or not graduate who participated in the extended day program to serving any student needing course grade recovery. Most attempted courses were completed with credits earned, and grade promotions of enrollees increased. However, some classes were small, which increased the cost per student. Few dropouts enrolled in 2003-04, and overall enrollment was lower than previously.

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February 2005 Early Start Evaluation: Summer 2004 Paeplow, Colleen

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Early Start, a pilot preschool program, offered three weeks of literacy and social skills preparation to pre-enrolled kindergarten students who have limited to no preschool experience. The percentage of participants mastering the six assessed concepts of print jumped from 5% to 52%. Entering students mastered an average of three out of six concepts of print and finished averaging five out of six. Student progress was also measured using 10 literacy and personal/social items from the Kindergarten Initial Assessment (KIA). Increases in overall proficiency were minimal due to a high number of students entering the program already proficient on the assessed items. Closer examination of these items using a four-part rubric did reveal improvements toward greater proficiency. However, participants scored similarly to demographically matched nonparticipants on the full KIA administered upon entry into kindergarten. Thus, overall results indicate growth for targeted skills. However, this growth was not sufficient to influence overall performance on the KIA.

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February 2005 Block Scheduling Evaluation Baenen, Nancy
Reichstetter, Rosemary

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In 2003-04, 11 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools moved from a traditional student schedule of six full-year courses to a block schedule of four courses each semester (4x4). Implementation went fairly smoothly, with 90% of teachers trained prior to the change. Academic course opportunities and course enrollment numbers increased substantially (by 24% and 46% respectively) compared to 2002-03, key desired outcomes. Academic success was marked by increases in credits earned, grade promotion rates, and twelfth grade graduation rates as desired. Maintenance of prior status was desired for other outcomes this first year. End-of-course performance and grade point averages of 3.0 or higher actually increased slightly, while Advanced Placement (AP) scores of 3 and greater decreased slightly. Student attendance and suspension rates remained the same. Generally, most of those surveyed and interviewed expressed satisfaction with the change. Exploring modified schedule options for some courses as well as continued professional development are recommended.

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January 2005 WCPSS K-5 Assessment Results 2003-04 Baenen, Nancy
Lindblad, Mark
Yaman, Kimberly

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WCPSS uses K-5 assessments in literacy and mathematics to monitor student status in their learning, to guide instruction, and to assess whether students and schools are showing typical performance for their grade level. The percentage of students showing grade-level performance is generally between 77% and 87% on the reading and mathematics assessments. Percentages tend to be somewhat lower than those seen on the EOG tests. Increases in the percentage of students reaching grade-level standards in literacy and math at K-2 could help WCPSS reach Goal 2008 at grades 3 and up. WCPSS writing portfolios show more students scoring "at grade level" at K-2 (81%) than at grade 3-5 (62%). At grade 4, 57% of WCPSS students were considered at grade level based on local writing portfolios compared to 47.7% on the state assessment. Writing still appears to be the area where the most improvement is needed to reach state and local standards.

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December 2004 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2002-03 Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin
Gilleland, Kevin

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Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2002-03

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December 2004 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda

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Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2003-04

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December 2004 Title V Evaluation Report 2003-04: E&R Section Page, Bethany

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For the 2003-04 school year, WCPSS applied for and received Title V funding for "education reform and school improvement." WCPSS used funds to support two International Baccalaureate (IB) programs: the Middle Years Programme (MYP) at Broughton High School and the Diploma Programme (DP) at Garner Senior High School. Additional funds were used to fund a senior evaluator for school accountability to provide data to inform school improvement and student achievement. The report provides evidence of implementation and outcomes.

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November 2004 Title I End-of-Grade Test Results 2003-04: Grades 3-5 Paeplow, Colleen

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In 2003-04, the Title I program was expanded to serve students in grades 3-5. Similar to the Title I K-2 program, the 3-5 program offered accelerated literacy intervention. The vast majority of students were served using the Fast Track Reading curriculum. Fast Track Reading combines explicit reading skills and phonics instruction with comprehension coaching and fluency practice. Fast Track is designed to accelerate student learning to raise students' performance to grade level standards. The demographics of Title I students served in grades 3-5 differs from Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) grade 3-5 students due to the focus on serving students at risk of failure. The percentage of Title I students across grades 3-5 scoring at Level III or IV (grade level) on End-of-Grade (EOG) tests doubled. Students in grade 5 showed the greatest improvement, followed by students in grades 3 and 4. Increases from Spring 2003 and Spring 2004 in the percentage of students scoring at Level III or IV were strong for all Title I subgroups compared to WCPSS overall.

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November 2004 Advanced Placement Exam Results, 2002-03 Regan, Roger

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Students at 15 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools took 5,468 Advanced Placement (AP) exams offered by the College Board in 2002-03. The percentage of all juniors and seniors in the district who took at least one AP exam rose from 19.7% in 2001-02 to 20.4% in 2002-03. However, the percentage of exams earning a score of 3 or higher (the score typically needed to qualify for college course credit) decreased by 1.1 percentage points to 79.4% in 2002-03. WCPSS' overall success rate was substantially higher than that of North Carolina (58.0%), the U.S. South (56.7%), and the nation as a whole (61.5%). As in previous years, disparities in participation and performance by high school, gender, and race were observed.

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November 2004 Fast Forword Evaluation: 2003-04 Baenen, Nancy
Germuth, Amy

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In 2003-04, 1,912 students in 16 elementary and 6 middle schools in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) participated in Fast ForWord program. Evaluation findings indicate that elementary and middle school participants made short-term gains averaging 22-55 months (approximately 2-4 years) of gain in terms of foundational listening and reading skills after nine weeks of intervention. When compared to students who had not received Fast ForWord instruction in 2003-04, both groups appeared to make similar gains on the Reading EOG over one year, although 7th and 8th graders served via Fast ForWord made greater gains on the math EOG. Over two years, students who received Fast ForWord in 2002-03 again performed similarly to their at-risk peers who had not received services in Reading EOG scores and gains. These findings suggest that Fast ForWord appears to impact foundational reading skills, but is not sufficient on its own to influence higher level reading skills and comprehension as measured by EOGs.

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November 2004 Project Achieve Evaluation: Year Three, 2003-04 McMillen, Brad
Speas, Carol

48 View Abstract

Project Achieve, a local instructional initiative, was adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The program grew from eight to 16 schools in three years, and all 16 schools had a higher percentage of students at grade level in spring 2004 than prior to the program. Third-year results were relatively positive but not as consistently so as in the two earlier years. Nine of 13 (69%) participating elementary schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard (including the new schools), compared to 51% of Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) elementary schools overall. Thirteen of 16 schools (81%)--compared to 69% of all WCPSS elementary and middle schools--increased the percentage of students at/above grade level in spring 2004. Controlling for student background variables, scale score gains for students in Project Achieve were similar to those of comparable WCPSS students across three years.

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November 2004 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck

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The North Carolina Writing Assessment was administered in March 2004 to all students in grades 4, 7, and 10. Administration and scoring procedures were identical to those used in pilot testing conducted statewide in 2003. The new procedures make comparisons inappropriate for years prior to 2003. Results in 2004 showed that a higher percentage of students in WCPSS scored in Levels III or IV at all three grade levels than did students statewide. Disaggregation showed large gaps between demographic groups, with many more female students than male students scoring in Levels III or IV and much larger proportions of White and Asian students scoring in Level III or IV than Black or Hispanic/Latino students. Overall, 47.7% of students in grade 4, 62.0% of students in grade 7, and 66.2% of students in grade 10 scored in Levels III or IV. In both WCPSS and statewide, less than 2% of grade 4 students and less than 1% of grade 7 and grade 10 students scored in Level IV.

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October 2004 Annual Performance Report 2003-2004 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

146 View Abstract

The Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Performance Report Year 3 (2003-2004) was implemented from September 1, 2003, through August 31, 2004 in the WCPSS. Staff members implemented activities this U.S. Department of Education grant project. They built upon the foundation established in Years 1 and 2 and endeavored to fully accomplish the scope and objectives of the project by the end of Year 3. They sought to reach all performance benchmarks established for Year 3 as well as to make up for any benchmarks not fully achieved in Years 1 and 2. When senior members of the project staff realized that not every objective would be fully completed by the end of Year 3, they requested and received a no-cost extension from the MSAP office for an additional project year (September 1, 2004-August 31, 2005). Schools participating in the project and their magnet themes are: Brooks Elementary School - Museums, Joyner Elementary School - Language Explorations, Millbrook Elementary School - International Baccalaureate, Powell Elementary School - Visual and Performing Arts, and Moore Square Middle School - Museums. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving the objectives. The four MSAP purposes are listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments or deficits in meeting the Year 3 benchmarks for each purpose.

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October 2004 WCPSS Outcomes Summary for 2003-04, With an Emphasis on Achievement Gap Status Baenen, Nancy
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has seen positive changes in patterns of achievement and dropout rates over the past several years overall and by subgroup. The most positive one-year subgroup changes related to dropout rates for Black students and Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for minority, low-income, and limited English proficient (LEP) students. However, many achievement gaps remain, and the system continues to work towards optimal achievement for all students and closing achievement gaps.

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September 2004 WCPSS Graduates as UNC Freshmen: College Admissions and Performance Trends Compilation of 1990-2003 Banks, Karen
Robinson, Temple

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This report uses data published by the University of North Carolina (UNC) Office of General Administration to measure how well Wake County Public School System (WPCSS ) high school graduates compare to North Carolina public high school (NCPHS) graduates in the college admissions process. It also examines how well WCPSS high school graduates compare to the UNC freshmen class in advanced, non-remedial, and remedial college courses. Based on those parameters, from Fall 1990 to Fall 2002, WCPSS graduates had more success than NCPHS graduates overall in the college admissions process. Furthermore, WCPSS graduates had more successful academic years in comparison to all UNC freshmen. Therefore, the data suggest that WCPSS graduates are more prepared for the college admissions process and collegiate courses than their peers.

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September 2004 Results on Advanced Placement Tests given during the 2003-04 School Year Dulaney, Chuck

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Results on Advanced Placement Tests given during the 2003-04 School Year

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August 2004 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results for 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

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End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Average scale scores rose in five of eight subject areas, and the percentage of students scoring in the proficient range (Level III or IV) reached new highs in four subjects: Algebra I, Algebra II, chemistry, and physics. More than 85% of students scored at Level III or IV in five subjects: Algebra I, Algebra II, English I, chemistry, and physics. The lowest percentage at Level III or IV was in physical science (65.8%); however, physical science showed the largest improvement from the previous year, rising more than four percentage points. The composite percentage of all EOC test scores at Level III or IV rose from 83.1% in 2002-03 to 83.2% for the eight courses tested in 2003-04.

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August 2004 North Carolina ABC Results: 2003-04 Dulaney, Chuck

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North Carolina's 2003-04 ABCs accountability results showed that, for the first time, more than half (64) of the Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) schools were designated as Honor School of Excellence or School of Excellence and another 35 were designated as School of Distinction. The 79% of WCPSS schools receiving one of these designations was much higher than the 56% of schools statewide. High Growth was achieved by 46% of WCPSS schools compared to 35% of schools statewide. This was a decline for both the district and the state from 2003 when the percentages were 75% and 72% respectively. Expected Growth was achieved by 38% of WCPSS schools and 40% of schools statewide. Districtwide, the Performance Composite rose to 92.1% for grades 3-5, 88.9% for grades 6-8, and 82.8% for grades 9-12.

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June 2004 Input on 2005-06 School Calendar Survey Baenen, Nancy

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) Board of Education, in considering the best start date for the school calendar, questioned how important certain factors in the calendar are for high schools. If factors assumed to be important were not in fact important, a later start date would be considered. In the spring of 2004, input on the 2005-06 school calendar was secured from high school students, parents, and professional staff. In addition to rating the importance of various scheduling factors, respondents were asked to look at three specific calendars. The most popular specific option for all three groups was the calendar with the earliest start date beginning August 9, 2005, and ending May 24, 2006. About half of the parents (51%), 42% of the staff, and 34% of the students picked one of the other two options. The second-favored option overall was a start date of August 24, 2005, with a start date of September 6, 2005 selected least often. Factors most often cited in support of the August 9 start date included vacation schedules, exam completion before winter break, and the number of instructional days before Advanced Placement (AP) exams.

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June 2004 Reassignment, School Diversity, and Student Outcomes Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Febbo-Hunt, Maria
Lindblad, Mark

23 View Abstract

The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether reassignment, when used to promote appropriate diversity in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), affects academic outcomes. One major finding highlights that most of the students reassigned for diversity purposes in spring of 2002 did not attend the designated schools in 2002-03. Based on the small sample of students who did attend the designated schools, achievement trends favored the reassigned students, but the sample size was too small for the differences to be statistically significant. Measures included student achievement, retention in grade, and participation in special education services. Both the sending and receiving schools' perceptions of the transition were positive. Given the small sample sizes, generalizations from these findings should be avoided.

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May 2004 21st Century Grant Summer Program Evaluation: 2003 Baenen, Nancy
Paeplow, Colleen

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The 2003 21st Century Grant summer program served 370 students at five elementary school sites--Carver, Hodge Road, Knightdale, Lockhart, and Zebulon. Grade levels served and program dates varied by location. The summer program provided reading intervention to students identified as in need of academic assistance. Seventy-one percent of summer program participants were free or reduced-price lunch recipients (FRL), 34% were classified as limited English proficient (LEP), 41% were Black/African American, and 39% were Hispanic/Latino students. These subgroups were over-represented relative to their percentages within the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) population. Approximately 42% of the summer program participants entered the program with below grade level scores. Academic outcomes are not yet available for analysis.

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May 2004 Partnership for Educational Success 2002-03: Implementation and Outcomes Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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The Partnership for Educational Success (PES) is a collaboration between the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) and Wake County Human Services. The primary goal of PES is for the agencies to work together to help students achieve grade-level performance. PES provides family-centered services to at-risk students and their families. In 2002-03 PES provided services to 269 at-risk students and their families. PES-funded staff also supported non-PES families, but no data was collected regarding these families. In 2002-03, over half of PES students scored at or above grade level before PES participation. These students may have been siblings of the primary referred students, who did score below grade level, although corroborative information is not available. Teacher survey data indicated that PES families are more involved with the school after PES participation. Test score outcomes of students in grades K-8 were inconclusive; results are similar to free and reduced-price lunch eligible students (FRL) as a whole. More data are necessary to provide a clear picture of the success of PES in meeting its academic goals.

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May 2004 Parent, Student, and Staff Survey Results 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Wildman, Wanda

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In April 2003, parent surveys were sent to 28% of Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) membership with a return rate of 49%. Student surveys were provided to 29% of membership with a return rate of 80%. Staff Survey forms were provided for all teachers, teacher assistants, and office staff and 74% were returned. There were only small changes in the responses of parents and students when the 2002-03 surveys were compared to the 2001-02 surveys. Satisfaction of parents, students, and staff regarding school safety remained high and parents and students continued to give a high percentage of good or excellent ratings to their schools' teaching of all subject areas. 88% of parents overall rated their child's school good or excellent in its support of student achievement. 84% of parents gave their child's school an A or B; 61% of students gave their own school an A or B. While nearly all staff respondents (97%) agreed or strongly agreed they enjoyed their work, there was a significant increase in the percentage of staff agreeing that they spend too much instructional time disciplining students.

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April 2004 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) K-2 Evaluation 2002-03 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2
Paeplow, Colleen

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The Title I/Accelerated Learning Program K-2 Literacy Program (ALP K-2) served 4,732 students in kindergarten, first, and second grade identified as at risk of failure and in need of assistance in language arts. For a variety of reasons, over half of the students who scored below grade level on local assessments as of spring 2002 were not served, and others who scored at grade level were served. Nearly all of the staff surveyed reported that the program was an effective method of improving students' literacy skills. ALP students' literacy skills did improve. However, the mean gains in print concept scores (for kindergarten) and book level scores (for grades 1 and 2) were no different than for similar students not served. Approximately the same percentage of students were on grade level in spring 2003 as in spring 2002.

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April 2004 Project Achieve: Adapting the Brazosport Model to a Large LEA Baenen, Nancy
Speas, Carol

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Project Achieve is a major Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) instructional initiative to improve student achievement adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The number of schools involved increased from 8 to 13 in 2002-03. Results were positive. All Project Achieve elementary and middle schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard both years (up from five in spring 2001), and nearly all schools increased the percent of students at or above grade level in their first year. In Year 2, compared to other WCPSS students, participation in Project Achieve was generally associated with significantly higher gains in mathematics and similar gains in reading (when background characteristics were controlled through regression analyses). Staff members also expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in their schools than in the past.

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April 2004 From Complacency to Excellence Through School District Reform: A Case Study of the WCPSS Banks, Karen

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WCPSS has made some notable positive changes in achievement, graduation, and other outcomes over the last few years. This document summarizes trends over time in outcomes and district efforts which likely contributed.

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January 2004 Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2001-02 Dulaney, Chuck
Gilleland, Kevin

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Dropouts from Wake County Public Schools 2001-02

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January 2004 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results for 2003-04 Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

39 View Abstract

The percentage of reading and math tests taken by Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students in grades 3-8 that resulted in Level III or IV scores fell slightly in 2004 to 91.1% from 91.3% in 2003. However, the percentage of students scoring in Level IV remained stable at 60.4%. The percentage of students scoring in Level III or IV was slightly higher in Math (92.1%) than in Reading (90.0%). Average reading scale scores showed slight declines at all grade levels except grade 5, while average math scale scores rose slightly in grades 4, 5, 6, and 7 and fell slightly in grades 3 and 8. Disaggregation of scores by race/ethnicity showed a small decline (down about two percentage points) in the percentage of Hispanic scores on grade level in both reading and math, a small rise (less than one point) for Asian and Black students in both reading and math, and mixed results for White and Multi-ethnic groups. Students from low-income families and students with disabilities showed small improvements in both reading and math.

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January 2004 Project Achieve Evaluation: Year Two, 2002-03 Speas, Carol

38 View Abstract

Project Achieve is a major Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) instructional initiative to improve student achievement adapted from a Brazosport, Texas model. The number of schools involved increased from 8 to 13 in 2002-03. Results were generally positive. All Project Achieve elementary and middle schools met the state ABCs High Growth standard in spring 2003 (up from five in spring 2001), and 10 of 13 schools increased the percent of students at or above grade level. Compared to other WCPSS students, participation in Project Achieve was generally associated with significantly higher gains in mathematics and similar gains in reading (when background characteristics were controlled through regression analyses). Staff members also expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in their schools than in the past.

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January 2004 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Grades 3-8: Evaluation 2002-03 Baenen, Nancy

36 View Abstract

The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) began in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 1999-2000 as an out-of-school time intervention to support students scoring below grade level. Since then, flexibility in use of these funds has increased, along with the percentage of schools using the funds to support low achievers during the school day. In 2002-03, over 70% of traditional calendar schools reported providing at least a portion of their ALP services during the school day, followed by after-school sessions (about 40%), and Saturday sessions (20%). At year-round schools, intersession continues to be the most common time for ALP at the elementary (82%). However, year-round middle schools provided ALP most commonly during the school day (83%), with only 34% using intersessions. Changes in use of ALP funds have made it increasingly difficult to clearly identify which students these funds supported. Although all schools reported that students who scored below grade level were supported through ALP, data on individual students suggests that the percentage of these students in ALP declined from 59% in 2001-02 to 35% in 2002-03. The lower participation rates are partially due to under-reporting, but clearer accountability for serving students is needed.

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January 2004 Free and Reduced-Price Lunch Participation in the Wake County Public School System 1993-2004 Dulaney, Chuck
O’Flaherty, Daniel

7 View Abstract

Free and Reduced-Price Lunch Participation in the Wake County Public School System 1993-2004

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December 2003 A Study of the 1995 WCPSS 9TH - Grade Students with Disabilities Cohort Haynie, Glenda

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In a study of 5,226 first-time 1995 9th-grade students, 12% of the students were students with disabilities (SWD). Academic performance indicators for the SWD group were far below the overall cohort indicators. Difficulties for students with disabilities could be observed beginning in ninth grade. The average GPA of SWD students at the end of ninth grade was 1.79(a D+ average) compared to an average GPA of 2.58 (a C+ average) for the overall cohort. Just 57% of the SWD cohort graduated (defined as completion of 12th grade with a diploma or certificate) compared to 77% of the overall cohort. Of the graduating SWD students, only 36% took the SAT with an average total score of 949, while 76% of the overall cohort took the SAT with an average total score of 1065. Black SWD students were less likely to graduate than White SWD students (45% compared to 66%). Behaviorally/Emotionally Disabled (BED) Black female students were least likely to graduate (13%). The 43% of SWD students who dropped out had a ninth grade average GPA of 0.82 (below a D average).

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December 2003 Small School Initiatives Survey Overbay, Amy

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During 2002-03, surveys of Wake County Public Schools (WCPSS) middle school principals and high school assistant principals for instruction (APIs) indicated that all middle and high schools implemented at least one strategy for creating smaller learning communities using the schools-within-schools mode. Nearly all middle schools implemented two or more strategies within existing school structures. High school responses were more varied in terms of strategies used and the extensiveness of use compared to middle schools. APIs' responses also indicated that WCPSS high schools use a broad range of support services to personalize the school environment for students, though some strategies were not directly related to the creation of smaller learning communities, and others targeted specific groups of students and not the entire student body.

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December 2003 Summary of Graduate Intentions: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Wildman, Wanda

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Summary of Graduate Intentions: 2002-03

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November 2003 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Paeplow, Colleen

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In the first year of implementation of the federal No Child Left Behind legislation in North Carolina, 51 of the 79 elementary schools, one of the 25 middle schools, and one of the 16 high schools in Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) met the requirements of Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). Of the 48 Title I schools (all elementary) in WCPSS, 29 met AYP and 19 failed to meet AYP requirements. The number of reading and math AYP targets applicable to WCPSS schools ranged from eight to 32. Seven of the eight schools with 13 or fewer targets met the AYP requirements. All eleven schools with more than 25 targets failed to meet the AYP requirements. The two subgroups that most frequently failed to meet AYP were SWD (students with disabilities) and FRL (free or reduced-price lunch) students.

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November 2003 Wake County Public School System Outcomes Summary for the 2002-03 School Year Baenen, Nancy
Dulaney, Chuck

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Overall, the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has seen positive changes in patterns of achievement and dropout rates over the last several years. However, the system continues to work towards optimal achievement for all students, closing achievement gaps, and improving Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) results. Each of the sections that follow cites key findings from reports produced by the Evaluation and Research Department (E&R) during the 2002-03 school year or from reports currently in progress that will analyze student outcomes from 2002-03. Subsequent pages contain figures illustrating some of the key findings.

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October 2003 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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The average total SAT score for Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) seniors in 2002-03 was 1067 (out of a possible 1600 points), matching last year's highest-ever district score. Average scores on both the math section (543) and the verbal section (524) remained the same as scores in 2001-02.

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October 2003 North Carolina ABC Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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The percentage of WCPSS schools meeting either high growth or expected growth standards reached a new high of 97% in 2002-03. Elementary schools performed the best, with 89% achieving high growth. No elementary or high school failed to meet expected growth standards.

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October 2003 Summary of Graduate Intentions: 2001-02 Dulaney, Chuck
Wildman, Wanda

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Summary of Graduate Intentions: 2001-02

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October 2003 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant Final Report 1999-2003 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

51 View Abstract

The Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant (SS/HS) was a three-year grant sponsored by a collaboration between the federal Departments of Health and Human Services, Juvenile Justice, and Education. The SS/HS Grant improved collaboration and communication across community agencies. During the grant period perceptions of safety improved among WCPSS students and staff, and juvenile arrests for violence and substance abuse decreased. However, school crime and violence rates, suspensions, and security violations did not decrease as hoped. Many SS/HS funded programs showed promising results, especially Teen Court (increased participation and decreased suspensions for participants) and NovaNET (80% of courses students attempted were completed successfully). Overall, SS/HS provided resources for community change, and new ideas for addressing school safety in the future.

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September 2003 2002-03 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Haynie, Glenda
Regan, Roger

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End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2002-03 showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Average scale scores rose in six out of ten subject areas, and the percentage of students scoring in the proficient range (Level III or Level IV) reached new highs in five out of ten subjects.

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September 2003 Fast ForWord Evaluation, 2002-03 Baenen, Nancy
Overbay, Amy

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The 2001-02 evaluation of Fast ForWord established that participants experienced short-term gains in language and reading skills, as measured by the Woodcock Diagnostic Reading Battery. EOG results also indicated that participants made significant gains in reading achievement. This evaluation examined the reading achievement of 2002-03 Fast ForWord participants relative to a comparison group, and investigated factors that predict success on reading EOG tests. Results for 2002-03 participants indicate that participants made significant gains on EOGs, but that their achievement growth pattern was not significantly different than that of matched non-participants. The short and long versions of the Teacher Observation Survey (TOS) predicted success equally well, and no demographic characteristics predicted success consistently. Thus, no simple means of selecting the most appropriate participants were identified.

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August 2003 WCPSS Graduates as UNC Freshmen: Acceptance and Performance Trends Baenen, Nancy
Overbay, Amy

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This report summarizes information provided by the University of North Carolina (UNC) on the WCPSS graduates enrolled in UNC institutions between 1990 and 2001. Statistics from the UNC Office of General Administration show that during that period, a higher percentage of WCPSS graduates applied to and enrolled in UNC institutions, compared to NC graduates overall. Between 1991 and 2002, WCPSS graduates were also more successful in their first year of college, earning higher average GPAs than other UNC freshmen. Further, a higher percentage of WCPSS graduates took advanced courses, and a lower percentage required remedial courses. These data suggest that WCPSS graduates receive a strong preparation for college work, perhaps stronger than their counterparts from other districts, and that this preparation has improved over the past decade.

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July 2003 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results: 2002-03 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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For the first time in the WCPSS history, the percentage of all EOG exam scores at or above grade level (Level III or IV) surpassed 90% in 2003. The composite percentage, which includes reading and math scores for all grade 3-8 students, rose from 89.4% in 2002 to 91.3% this year.

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July 2003 Annual Performance Report 2002-2003 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

180 View Abstract

Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Performance Report Year 2 (2002-03) From September 1, 2002, through June 30, 2003, the staff members of the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) 2001-04 Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) grant have successfully built upon the foundation they established in Year 1. This year they have endeavored to make up for any objectives not fully achieved in Year 1 and to attain all of their Year 2 objectives. Schools participating in the project and their magnet themes are: Brooks Elementary School - Museums, Joyner Elementary School - Language Explorations, Millbrook Elementary School - International Baccalaureate, Powell Elementary School - Visual and Performing Arts, and Moore Square Middle School - Museums. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving the objectives. The four MSAP purposes are listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments or deficits in meeting the Year 2 benchmarks for each purpose.

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July 2003 Has ALP Helped Low-Achieving Students? Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

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To help accomplish Goal 2003, WCPSS allocated money in 1999 for supplemental instructional support through the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). Analyses of the program's 2001-02 results suggest that ALP was effective in promoting both achievement growth and performance at grades 3-8. ALP students showed high growth based on ABCs standards, and more than half were able to move from below to above grade level between spring 2001 and spring 2002 (compared to 38% in reading and 41% in math before ALP began).

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July 2003 Free and Reduced-Price Lunch Participation in the Wake County Public School System 1993-2003 Dulaney, Chuck
O’Flaherty, Daniel

5 View Abstract

Free and Reduced-Price Lunch Participation in the Wake County Public School System 1993-2003

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June 2003 Promotion/Retention of Students In Grades K-8: 2001-02 Paeplow, Colleen

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At the end of the 2001-02 school year, 90.5% percent of students in grades K-8 were promoted, 3.6% were retained, and 5.9% withdrew from Wake County Public Schools. Of the 48,874 students in grades 3-8, 95% took at least one End-of-Grade (EOG) test. The retention rate was higher among students in grades 3-8 who did not take EOG tests (6.1%) than for students who took EOG tests (2.4%). The rate of retention for male students was consistently higher than that of female students. Students receiving free or reduced lunch, students with Limited English Proficiency status, and students with Special Education status had lower promotion rates and higher retention rates than their counterparts. Kindergarten (8%) and 1st-grade (7%) students had the highest rate of retention. One percent of White students were retained compared to 5% of Black and Hispanic/Latino students.

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May 2003 High School Support to Meet Graduation Requirements 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy

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Overall, 2,422 high school students who were at risk of not graduating received some instructional assistance in 2001-02. However, the number of students who might struggle with one or more graduation requirements was high (7,810), and many were not identified as receiving instructional support beyond their regular classes. Compared to state ABC standards, those who received support showed high growth between spring 2001 and 2002. A two-year follow-up of students who had not passed the Minimum Competency requirement in spring 2000 reveals close to 60% of those still in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) were able to meet this requirement by spring 2002. However, the percentage able to attain grade level scores between spring 2001 and 2002 was similar (23-28%) regardless of whether they received instructional assistance.

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May 2003 Safe Schools/Healthy Students Grant Year 4 Mid-Year Performance Report Project Status October 1, 2002 - April 30, 2003 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) is currently in the extension year, or Year 4, of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students grant. This report outlines the activities continued in the extension year, and a status report on each activity for the first part of Year 4.

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May 2003 Graduation Rates, Wake County Public School System: A Study of the 1995 9TH-Grade Cohort Haynie, Glenda
Johnson, Stephen
Scudder, David

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A study of 5,226 first-time 1995 9th-grade students found their overall graduation rate was 77%. Female students (80%) were more likely to graduate than male students (69%). Asian (83%) and White (83%) were more likely to graduate than Black (60%) and Hispanic/Latino students (68%). Black males were least likely to graduate (53%).

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April 2003 Advanced Placement Exam Results 2001-2002 Regan, Roger

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Students at 15 Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) high schools took approximately 4,878 Advanced Placement exams offered by the College Board in 2001-02. With 20% of all juniors and seniors in the district taking at least one AP exam, the percent attaining a score of 3 or higher on a 5-point scale (the score typically needed to qualify for college course credit) reached a 10-year high of 80.5%, up 3.3 percentage points from the previous year. WCPSS' overall success rate was higher than that of comparable large school districts, and 17 percentage points higher than the rate for the nation as a whole. On the five most frequently taken AP exams, the percent of scores that were 3 or higher rose an average of 8.6 points.

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March 2003 Accelerated Learning Program (ALP): Grade 3-8 Evaluation 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy
Lindblad, Mark
Yaman, Kimberly

107 View Abstract

WCPSS initiated the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) in 1999-2000 as the major new intervention to help all students reach grade-level performance in reading and math. Analyses of the program's third year results show that overall, changes in both achievement growth and performance support the effectiveness of ALP and other assistance at grades 3-8.

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February 2003 Project Achieve Evaluation Report: Year One, 2001-2002 Speas, Carol

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This is an evaluation of the pilot year of Project Achieve, a major local instructional initiative at six elementary schools and two middle schools to help reach the WCPSS goal of 95% of students at or above grade level. Participating schools had a higher percentage of low-income students and low-achieving students and slightly less stable student populations than the district as a whole. The initiative is based on the same principles and instructional process applied in the Brazosport, Texas school district, with modifications tailored to local needs and based on the NC Standard Course of Study. Project training and development did occur as planned from early 2001 to implementation in the 2001-02 school year. Participating schools did exceed ABCs growth and performance standards of the previous (baseline) year, as evidenced by annual NC ABCs Accountability System reports. Additionally, parents and staff expressed more positive opinions about the academic program in participating schools.

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February 2003 Class-Size Reduction Program 2001-02 Speas, Carol

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In 2001-02, 23 schools were provided with 40 teacher positions through the Class Size Reduction (CSR) Program. Achievement results for students in reduced class sizes were compared to those of similar students in other CSR schools who did not choose the same grade for the project (keeping school and student demographics similar). At grades 1 and 2, WCPSS K-2 Literacy and Mathematics Assessments were compared pre (spring 2001) and post (spring 2002). These analyses yielded mixed results: (a) an increase in the percentage of students meeting the reading-book-level standards was greater for students in the reduced-size classes at grade 2 but not at grade 1, and (b) an increase in the percentage of students meeting the mathematics standards was greater for students in the reduced-size classes at grade 1 but not at grade 2. As in the previous year at grade 3, the NC End-of-Grade fall pretest and spring post-test data indicate that, controlling for differences in pre-test scores and free and reduced-price lunch status of students, there were no significant differences in reading and mathematics achievement between students in reduced-size classes and those in regular-sized classes. As in previous years, WCPSS generally did not reach a class size of 18, the goal of the enabling legislation, and it was again recommended that schools receiving two CSR teacher positions should place two teachers at the same grade level to reduce class sizes at a single grade.

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February 2003 Title VI: Annual Evaluation Report 2001-2002 Overbay, Amy
Speas, Carol

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In the 2001-02 school year, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) implemented a project within an innovative assistance program area of Title VI- the provision of performing arts teachers within magnet elementary schools to provide arts education - under the "promising educational reform projects" category. Twelve arts teachers, representing between 0.3 and 1.0 FTE each, served in six elementary magnet schools: Fuller, Powell, Washington, Wendell, Conn, and Wiley. Also, in spring 2001, funding was allocated for planning and training activities for a new school improvement/reorganization effort at eight schools. WPSS Instructional Services Division identified a set of six schools showing historical patterns of below-expectation growth, and two schools volunteered to participate in "Project Achieve." Training and development for the eight schools did occur as planned in July - October, 2001. Results are shared.

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February 2003 NovaNET Student Outcomes 2001-2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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In the 2001-02 school year, NovaNET students earned significantly higher GPAs and fewer F's than before participating in NovaNET. NovaNET students did not show significantly greater gains than students in a comparison group that had similar demographic and academic characteristics; however, analyses revealed that the two groups varied somewhat in terms of prior suspensions, so results should be interpreted with caution. Some schools had much greater participation and student success than others. Strategies used by successful NovaNET programs include individualizing coursework; supplemental counseling and behavior modification; selecting the most appropriate students; requiring students to sign a contract promising to complete the course; and giving offline assignments to supplement NovaNET. Extending successful school practices to all schools could increase overall program impact.

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February 2003 School Size: A Review of the Literature Overbay, Amy

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Many discussions of school size tend to concentrate on secondary sources, such as other literature reviews; although this review does examine some secondary sources, it focuses on empirical research. Recent research suggests that smaller schools may be linked to improved attendance and participation in school activities. Some studies claim that smaller schools may also be associated with higher achievement, although other studies indicate that school size does not have a significant impact on student performance, and cite other variables such as district and school affluence as more reliable predictors of achievement. In fact, some studies suggest that students in more affluent districts may benefit from larger schools. Given the lack of consensus in the field over these issues, as well as practical issues related to rapid growth, limited funds, and the cost-effectiveness of smaller schools, many administrators and policymakers may prefer to pursue alternative reforms. It may be possible to achieve the desired student outcomes by reorganizing school populations, or by creating smaller learning communities within existing facilities.

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December 2002 2001-2002 SAT Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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The average total SAT score for Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) seniors in 2001-2002 was 1067, a thirteen point gain from 2000-01 and a six point gain from the previous high score of 1061 achieved in 1999-00. Both math and verbal scores in 2002 were the highest they have ever been.

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December 2002 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Three - Year End Performance Report June 1, 2001 - November 30, 2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2
Overbay, Amy

61 View Abstract

At the end of the 2001-2002 school year, outcome goals paint a mixed picture of the effectiveness of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students grant on the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) as a whole. However, many specific programs are being successfully implemented with positive outcomes.

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November 2002 Voyager Summer Academy 2002 Results Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Paeplow, Colleen

40 View Abstract

The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) provides a comprehensive program of extra support for students in grades K-8 who have not yet reached grade level standards. In the summer of 2002, the Voyager Summer Academy was offered in WCPSS at grades 2-8 to students scoring at Level I or II (below grade level) in reading or math. (The State of North Carolina required a summer intervention at grades 3, 5, and 8, and WCPSS offered the program at the other grade levels as well.) WCPSS utilized the Voyager Time Warp series, which is a summer reading intervention program. Designed to decrease summer learning loss and reduce the achievement gap, Voyager Time Warp is based on the premise that lessons generating high student interest, combined with academically challenging material, will increase student motivation and improve student achievement. The Time Warp reading program is a four-hour-a day, four-week program. WCPSS also adopted Voyager's one-hour-per-day V-Math series for use in combination with the reading intervention. A variety of methods were used to assess the Voyager program including student, parent, teacher, and site coordinator surveys, a quality assurance checklist, in-depth interviews, and a focus group. Voyager pre/post assessments designed by the publisher and results on pre/post North Carolina End-of-Grade (EOG) tests were also used to evaluate Voyager's effectiveness.

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November 2002 Literature Review: Technology Use and Its Relevance to Academic Achievement Reichstetter, Rosemary

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Does the use of technology positively relate to academic achievement? A review of the literature identified 66 articles on this topic. Twenty-three articles were studied for this report. Depending upon the focus of the article, a positive relationship was found in most cases while no relationship was found in a small number of cases reviewed. In reviewing all papers, articles, and studies, a number of other factors were identified as important considerations.

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October 2002 Parent Survey Results 2001-2002 Wildman, Wanda

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Parent Survey Results 2001-2002

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October 2002 Student Survey Results 2001-2002 Wildman, Wanda

32 View Abstract

Student Survey Results 2001-2002

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October 2002 Staff Survey Results 2001-2002 Wildman, Wanda

28 View Abstract

Staff Survey Results 2001-2002

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September 2002 2001-2002 End-of-Course Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

16 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2001- 2002 showed generally positive results when compared to prior years. Both mean scale scores and the percentage of students scoring at Level III or Level IV reached new highs in eight out of ten subject areas.

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September 2002 2001-2002 North Carolina ABC Results Dulaney, Chuck
Kaase, Kristopher
Regan, Roger

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For all WCPSS schools: 55% achieved high growth; 33% achieved expected growth but did not reach high growth; 12% did not meet expected growth but showed adequate performance

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September 2002 WCPSS Grades K-5 Literacy and Mathematics Assessment Results: 2000-2001 Baenen, Nancy

16 View Abstract

The percentage of students identified as needing extra support in the acquisition of reading skills at the next grade level dropped in kindergarten, first, and second grades from the 1999-2000 school year to 2000-2001. Approximately the same percentage of students in grades 1, 2, and 3 were identified as needing extra support in writing as had been reported in 1999-2000. As for mathematics performance, more kindergarten students in 2000-2001 (14%) than in 1999- 2000 (11%) remained at the pre-emergent stage of mathematics development and were identified as needing extra support in the next school year. The percent of grades 1-5 students demonstrating proficiency in none of the mathematics strands decreased from 1999-2000 but increased slightly for students demonstrating proficiency in only one of the four strands. Because of the subjective nature of the assessments, it is not clear if these results indicate a change in students' true achievement or an increased focus by teachers on requirements in some subjects. In other words, did the students really have better skills in reading and lower skills in math? Evidence from other sources will need to be considered before making changes in instruction or in allocation of resources.

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July 2002 2001-2002 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

34 View Abstract

WCPSS EOG multiple-choice results for 2001- 2002 show increases at all grade levels in both reading and math. Both the percentage of students scoring at or above grade level and average scale scores reached new highs.

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July 2002 Annual Performance Report 2001-2002 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

123 View Abstract

In 2001-02, WCPSS Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) grant began implementation for three schools in the project and planned for two others. Schools in their first implementation year were: Joyner Elementary School, Language Explorations Millbrook Elementary School, International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme Powell Elementary School ,Visual and Performing Arts Schools in their planning year included Brooks Elementary School ( Museums), and Moore Square Middle School ( Museums). Objective accomplishment as of the end of year 1 is described.

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June 2002 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results 2001-2002 Dulaney, Chuck
Regan, Roger

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Both fourth-grade and seventh-grade writing assessment scores declined in 2002 in WCPSS. The percentage of fourth-grade students who scored at or above 2.5 dropped 23.8 percentage points from 78.1 in 2001 to 54.3 in 2002. Seventh-grade scores dropped 13.8 percentage points from 77.5 in 2001 to 63.7 in 2002

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June 2002 Advanced Placement Exam Results 2000-2001 Kaase, Kristopher
Paeplow, Colleen

32 View Abstract

The Advanced Placement (AP) program offers college-level courses to high school students. Many colleges and universities provide course credit to students who earn a high score on the end-of-year exams. Almost 60% of United States high schools offer AP course work, and more than 800,000 high school students participated in AP programs during the 2000-2001 school year (College Board, 2001). All 15 comprehensive high schools in the WCPSS offer AP courses. Enrollment in Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) AP courses was approximately 6,900 in 2000-01. Many students took more than one AP course. A total of 4,320 AP examinations were taken by 2,223 WCPSS students at the end of the school year. This report examines AP exam results for the WCPSS with comparisons to other large school systems, the state of North Carolina, the South, and the United States.

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June 2002 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Three - Mid-Year Performance Report October 1, 2001 - May 31, 2002 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2
Overbay, Amy

41 View Abstract

The Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students (SS/HS) Project was a three-year federal cooperative effort sponsored by the Department of Education, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the Department of Health and Human Services. This report focuses on year 3 results. While all students were impacted indirectly, 3,315 individual students were served directly by SS/HS intervention programs, and 16,100 students participated in group prevention activities; SS/HS disproportionately served the higher risk students in the system directly as intended. The grant had many positive benefits in Year 3. A safe school environment was promoted by security system installation, and use of the WAVE Line. Alcohol, drug, and violence prevention and early intervention programs were promoted through a Communities in Schools (CIS/CLP) mentoring program, which had a positive effect on student achievement. Teen Court expanded the number of youth served, as well as the range of programs available for those youth. In terms of school and community mental health preventive and treatment intervention services, Children of Substance Abuse (COSA) groups drastically reduced the number of students reporting that they would use violence in the future. The preschool Second Step program resulted in teachers spending less time disciplining students. Five different curricula related to SS/HS reached over 15,000 WCPSS students. NovaNET improved students' ability to pass courses and get back on track to graduation.

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June 2002 Report on 2001-2002 Project Achieve Assessments Reichstetter, Rosemary

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Eight schools (six elementary and two middle schools) participated in Project Achieve during the 2001-2002 instructional year. The Curriculum and Instruction Department developed math and reading pacing guideline calendars and focus lessons used in the targeted schools, each set of lessons centered on one to four objectives from the North Carolina Standard Course of Study (NCSCS). Grades 3 through 8 classroom teachers in these schools presented the 15 to 20 minute daily lessons. The Evaluation and Research Department produced short four to 16 item assessment tools used to measure student mastery of the objectives tied to the lessons. Based on rapid turnaround on assessment results at the school level, teachers then regrouped students for either remedial or enrichment activities centered on needs. The data from all schools' assessments were gathered at the end of the school year for analysis. This report provides information on the school assessment data and on the effectiveness of the costs involved with the assessment production during the 2001-2002 school year.

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May 2002 Class-Size Reduction Program Evaluation, 2000-2001 Speas, Carol

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This report examines the impact of the second year of the federal Class-Size Reduction (CSR) program in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) on student achievement.

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May 2002 Gaps in Academic Achievement: WCPSS Status 2001-02 Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

49 View Abstract

This report examines students' academic success in WCPSS based on outcomes such as achievement test scores, dropout rates, and course enrollments. Gaps have been evident in the achievement of students with different backgrounds and characteristics for decades. These gaps in achievement are one of the biggest challenges facing educators across the country. In some areas, the gaps in student outcomes in WCPSS have narrowed over time.

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May 2002 Title VI: Annual Evaluation Report 2000-2001 Speas, Carol

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The Wake County Public School System developed a project within an innovative assistance program area of Title VI--the provision of performing arts teachers within magnet elementary schools to provide arts education--under the "promising educational reform projects" category. Funding provided to private non-profit schools was used primarily for curricular materials. In the spring of 2001, Title VI funding was allocated for planning and training activities for new school improvement/reorganization efforts at seven schools under the "3a. Promising Educational Reform Programs: Effective Schools" category. This report provides information on implementation and attainment of objectives.

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April 2002 Annual Progress Report on Students who Drop Out 2000-2001 Gilleland, Kevin
Kaase, Kristopher

72 View Abstract

The overall dropout rate continued to decline in 2000-01 for the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). The grades 7-12 dropout rate was 2.4 percent, the lowest since the state of North Carolina and the WCPSS began reporting dropouts in 1992, using federal standards. Since 1994-95 the gap between the grades 7-12 dropout rates for Black students and White students has decreased from 4.3 to 2.1 percentage points. The largest number of dropouts has always occurred at the high school level. Of the 1,038 dropouts in the WCPSS for 2000-01, 1,024 (98.7%) were in grades 9-12. The WCPSS high school dropout rate decreased from 5.5% in 1995-96 to 3.7% in 2000-01 (see Figure 1). The WCPSS high school dropout has been lower than the rate for North Carolina and paralleled the trend of a decreasing rate of dropouts since the state began reporting high school dropout rates in 1998-99.

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February 2002 The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) 2000-01: Student Participation and Effectiveness Baenen, Nancy
Lindblad, Mark
Yaman, Kimberly

71 View Abstract

The Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) is the major initiative that the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) is using to help all students reach grade level performance in reading and math. In 2000-01, ALP's second year of implementation, the program expanded from grades 3-8 to K-12. This report focuses on student participation rates and the impact of the ALP program.

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February 2002 NovaNET 2000-2001: Analyses of Student Outcomes Relative to a Comparison Group Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

12 View Abstract

NovaNET is an on-line computerized instructional system that provides students with self-paced instruction for many North Carolina high school courses. This evaluation looks at outcomes for students participating in the NovaNET program and compares them with outcomes for a group of students with similar characteristics who did not participate in NovaNET. The primary positive finding was that the number of failing grades decreased significantly for students who participated in NovaNET, while a slight increase occurred for matched students. The GPA for NovaNET students showed a significant increase, but the comparison group increased about the same amount (difference between increases were not significant). NovaNET appeared to have more of a positive impact on math and social studies course grades than on English and science course grades. The pass rate for NovaNET science courses was only 50%. NovaNET did not appear to impact suspensions in 2000-2001; rates for NovaNET and matched students were statistically similar. NovaNET students were more likely to drop out of school in 2000-2001 than the comparison students who had a lower dropout rate than WCPSS overall; the change in drop-out rates should be examined again over the next few years. Overall, NovaNET seems to help students pass classes. However, more specific findings are difficult to obtain due to the newness of the program, and the difficulty of creating an accurately matched comparison group.

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January 2002 Summer Academy in the Wake County Public Schools: An Evaluation of the 2001 Program Holdzkom, David

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Summer Academy in the Wake County Public Schools: An Evaluation of the 2001 Program

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January 2002 Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8 2000-2001 Kaase, Kristopher

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Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8 2000-2001

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December 2001 Staff Survey Results 2000-2001 Wildman, Wanda

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Staff Survey Results 2000-2001

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December 2001 Parent Survey Results 2000-2001 Wildman, Wanda

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Parent Survey Results 2000-2001

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December 2001 Student Survey Results 2000-2001 Wildman, Wanda

28 View Abstract

Student Survey Results 2000-2001

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December 2001 Progress Toward the 95% Goal: 2001 Dulaney, Chuck

20 View Abstract

Report Summary Analysis of EOG test results for 2000-2001 shows that: Scores on all four tests targeted by the 2003 Goal were higher than ever before. As reported in 2000, current rates of improvement are still inadequate to reach the goal. Groups that have the highest percentage of students scoring below grade level (students from low-income families, African-American and Hispanic students) have made the largest gains since 1998. ALP interventions appear to be benefiting all demographic groups. The strongest predictor of low achievement is income, as measured by eligibility for free or reduced price lunch. Approximately 46% of students tested who participated in the school lunch program scored in Levels I or II.

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December 2001 Strategy 17: NovaNET Online Learning System Year 2 Program Evaluation Baenen, Nancy

29 View Abstract

Wake County Public Schools have addressed the needs of at-risk students with an array of academic and alternative programs that reflect serious commitment of funds and time. The 1999-2000 academic year witnessed the beginning of a 9 million dollar, three-year, community-wide collaboration between existing programs and agencies expressly intended to coordinate efforts to serve at-risk children and their families. The grant, entitled Safe Schools Healthy Students, was funded by the Department of Justice, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Department of Education in an effort to promote safe, inviting, and optimal learning environments for all students. The program was built upon a broad collection of 17 strategies aimed at addressing the risk and resilience factors associated with school safety and student success. Each strategy included a three-year sequence of action steps, focused on strengthening resources or services within the school system. These services ranged from improving at risk screening and referral strategies, to mentoring, to substance abuse prevention, to improving school security.

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November 2001 2000-2001 North Carolina ABC Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

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2000-2001 North Carolina ABC Results

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November 2001 The Effectiveness of the Wake Summerbridge Summer Enrichment Program Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2

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Wake Summerbridge is an enrichment program that has supported selected WCPSS middle school students for a number of years. This evaluation compared subsequent academic performance, suspensions and dropout rates of students who had participated in the program with a comparison group of students with similar characteristics who did not participate in the program. The main positive finding was that dropout rates were much lower for Summerbridge students than for the comparison group (1% versus 13%). Achievement scores and grade point averages showed a slight but consistent advantage in absolute terms for Summerbridge students over the comparison group. The differences were not statistically significant, although they may have some educational significance. The percentage of students receiving F's and suspension rates actually favored the comparison group. However, the higher dropout rate among comparison students may account for the lower number of F's earned by this group. Some cautions must be kept in mind when interpreting these findings. Sample sizes were relatively small which makes statistical significance more difficult to detect (about 80 per group). Groups could differ in ways that could not be determined from school system data files (e.g., attitude toward school, rigor of course selections, middle versus higher income status). Given the results, the cost of providing the service should also be considered in decisions about future funding.

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October 2001 2000-2001 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

25 View Abstract

2000-2001 End-of-Grade Multiple-Choice Test Results

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October 2001 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Two - Year-End Performance Report April 1, 2001 - September 30, 2001 Baenen, Nancy
Harlow, Kristin2
Overbay, Amy
Reichstetter, Rosemary

61 View Abstract

The Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students (SS/HS) Project is a three-year federal cooperative effort sponsored by the Department of Education, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the Department of Health and Human Services. Together, these departments have encouraged organizations and agencies across the country to develop initiatives that prevent violence and substance abuse in schools by addressing six major elements determined to be critical in sustaining safe and healthy schools and students. Wake County has responded to this challenge by identifying four goals that correspond with these six elements, and by adopting seventeen strategies for carrying out these goals. By focusing on collaboration and cooperation with partner agencies and the community, the Wake County project is promoting the implementation and refinement of sustainable efforts to create a safe, orderly, and drug-free learning environment within county schools.

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September 2001 What Can You Do To Support High SAT Scores? Banks, Karen

2 View Abstract

What Can You Do To Support High SAT Scores?

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August 2001 2000-2001 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice and English II Testing Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

12 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 2000-2001 showed generally positive results when compared to 1999-2000 data. WCPSS students showed gains in seven subject areas and no change in three subject areas on the multiple-choice tests. No multiple-choice test showed a decline in average score. On the English II writing test, 63.0% of WCPSS students showed proficiency in writing in 2001, up 4.9 percentage points from 58.1% proficient in 2000.

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August 2001 2000-2001 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

6 View Abstract

2000-2001 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results

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July 2001 Advanced Placement Exams 1999-2000: Results for WCPSS and EBN Districts Lindblad, Mark
Tyler, Doris

29 View Abstract

This report examines Advanced Placement (AP) test results for the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) and a group of comparable districts who participate in the Educational Benchmarking Network (EBN). The AP program offers college-level courses to high school students. Approximately 60 % of United States high schools offer AP course work, and more than 750 thousand students participated in AP programs during the 1999-2000 school year (College Board, 2000). Many colleges and universities provide course credit to students who earn a high score on the end-of-year exams.

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July 2001 Annual Performance Report 2000-2001 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

99 View Abstract

Innovations begun in Year 1 were strengthened and expanded in Year 2 and fully developed by Year 3. Project activities have enhanced the magnet schools in ways that will attract and benefit students in the coming years. The CBALC's accelerated learning program has provided students with tools to support academic success in the future. The project focuses on four major purposes and has objectives related to each. Annual benchmarks have been established to measure success in achieving each objective. Each MSAP purpose is listed below, followed by a summary of accomplishments in meeting the Year 3 benchmarks for that purpose.

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July 2001 Class Size Reduction: A Review of the Literature Scudder, David

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High-quality evaluation research has demonstrated that smaller classes with a heterogeneous student composition can increase academic achievement and close the achievement gap. Research suggests that changes occur in the classroom naturally as a result of smaller size without teachers or students trying to do anything different. With fewer students, teachers understand students better, they use more tailored approaches to individuals, students form closer relationships with classmates and teachers, and the atmosphere becomes more friendly, cohesive, and less regimented. Still, researchers also observe that some changes such as the use of more hands-on activities emerge gradually (perhaps as teachers learn more about what is possible) and that individualization may not always be well done. Evaluation research has been slow to address potentially appropriate staff development training that may enhance the experience of smaller classes. The few existing evaluation studies have not shown benefits from training. At present, there is no agreement on the usefulness of staff development or on a general standard of teacher training appropriate for smaller class sizes.

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July 2001 Structure of Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Efforts 2000-01 Baenen, Nancy
Yaman, Kimberly

105 View Abstract

This report focuses on the structure of instructional assistance available through ALP to students who show low achievement. Information is also provided on other programs available to these students. For many years, WCPSS has had instructional support available through a variety of grant-funded programs to students with special needs. However, student needs could not be fully met through these original resources. To help accomplish goal 2003 (for 95% of students to score proficient on EOG tests), local dollars were allocated for supplemental instructional support.

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June 2001 2000-2001 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

18 View Abstract

2000-2001 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results

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May 2001 2000-2001 Iowa Test of Basic Skills Tyler, Doris

6 View Abstract

2000-2001 Iowa Test of Basic Skills

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May 2001 Comparing Student Performance at Program Magnet, Year-Round Magnet, and Non-Magnet Elementary Schools Penta, Mary

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This evaluation provides an overview of demographic characteristics and student achievement outcomes among Wake County Public School System elementary schools, when these schools are categorized as schools of choice (program magnets and calendar magnets) or traditional schools (non-magnets). Data were drawn from school-level outcomes reported in the 2000-2001 Wake County School Profiles. Central to the study is the conclusion that there are no significant differences in schools' ABCs Performance Composites when they are statistically adjusted to equalize differences in race and socioeconomic status. Through the WCPSS Magnet Program, families can take advantage of opportunities for school choice without sacrificing the level of academic performance their students can expect to achieve. The school system also benefits because magnet schools promote diversity and help to optimize the use of facilities throughout the system.

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May 2001 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project Year Two - Mid-Year Performance Report October 1, 2000 - March 31, 2001 Reichstetter, Rosemary

65 View Abstract

Evidence exists of positive progress toward meeting interim benchmarks as the project works toward achieving its major goals. In almost all instances where concerns were noted, appropriate corrective actions are in place or in process. SS/HS staff, partners and contacts meet regularly as appropriate to review progress and receive project updates.

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March 2001 An Introduction to CLAS Speas, Carol

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An Introduction to CLAS

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March 2001 The Effect of School Poverty Concentration in WCPSS Banks, Karen

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Summary Data compiled on the impact of school poverty in WCPSS support the current policy that sets 40% as a target maximum percentage of low-income students that would be assigned to a school. Major findings include: Previous actions of the district have created a system of schools in which relatively few campuses have a high concentration of poverty. Given the variations in WCPSS schools' performance, many factors beyond school poverty are affecting the achievement growth in each school. Analysis of EOG test scores showed that small reductions in the concentration of poverty at a school are unlikely to have a meaningful effect on student achievement growth, although the differences might be statistically significant. Larger changes in the concentration of poverty in a school would likely produce changes in student achievement growth that would be both statistically and educationally significant.

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March 2001 What Research Says About Teenagers and Sleep Banks, Karen

4 View Abstract

What Research Says About Teenagers and Sleep

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March 2001 Gaps in Academic Achievement: WCPSS Status 2000-01 Baenen, Nancy
Banks, Karen
Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck
Yaman, Kimberly

47 View Abstract

On almost all academic measures reviewed for this report, White females in WCPSS were the most successful group, and Black males were the least successful group. The gap between White and Black students' achievement has decreased over time in some areas but has not in others. Within WCPSS, many students within each subgroup excel. However, smaller proportions of low income and minority students show on-grade-level performance than higher income and White students. Gaps in achievement by income, race, or gender are due to myriad factors, including correlations with personal, school, family, societal, and other factors. Gaps can be closed with appropriate resources, but it is not easy. Accomplishment of the 95% goal will require nearly eliminating the socioeconomic and demographic gaps described in this report.

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February 2001 The North Carolina Competency Tests Results 1999-2000 Tyler, Doris

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The North Carolina Competency Tests Results 1999-2000

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February 2001 Annual Progress Report on Students who Drop Out 1999-2000 Baenen, Nancy
Carwile, Stephanie
Kitts, Doris
Knott, Donna
Scudder, David

55 View Abstract

The high school dropout rate during 1999-2000 in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) was 4.1 percent (2.7% for grades 7-12), the lowest since the start of annual reporting by WCPSS. The WCPSS dropout rate has steadily declined from 1994 to 2000, as displayed in Figure 1. The decline was interrupted in the 1998-1999 school year, the year that students going directly to junior or community college GED programs began to be included as dropouts. The decline resumed during the 1999-2000 school year. The decrease in the WCPSS dropout rate corresponded to a similar decrease in dropouts reported across the state.

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January 2001 1999-2000 WCPSS Grades K-5 Literacy and Mathematics Assessment Results Speas, Carol

14 View Abstract

More kindergarten students in 2000 (37%) than in 1999 (29%) were beyond the early emergent/emergent reading stage by the end of the year. Nonetheless, almost one-fourth of both kindergarten and first-grade students, and one-third of second-grade students, were identified as needing extra reading support at the next grade level because they were behind the majority of students in the acquisition of reading skills. In contrast, fewer grade 2 students (18%) and grade 3 students (9%) were identified as needing extra support in writing. As for mathematics performance, slightly fewer kindergarten students in 2000 (11%) than in 1999 (12%) remained at the pre-emergent stage of mathematics development and were identified as needing extra support in the next school year. However, the percent of grades 1-5 students demonstrating proficiency in none of the mathematics strands or in only one of the four strands ranged from 13% at first grade to 22% at grades 3-5.

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December 2000 1999-00 Computer Skills Tests Results Tyler, Doris

9 View Abstract

1999-00 Computer Skills Tests Results

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December 2000 Class-Size Reduction Evaluation 1999-2000 Scudder, David

7 View Abstract

Small classes have always had an intuitive appeal for parents. To many, it seems obvious that smaller classes should be associated with greater achievement. Still, all other things remaining equal, small classes are more expensive than large classes. Recent research suggests that smaller classes actually do significantly improve achievement. This report examines these and other important issues as they relate to the first year of the federal Class-Size Reduction Program (CSRP) in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS)

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November 2000 1999-2000 End-of-Course Multiple-Choice and English II Testing Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck
Gilleland, Kevin

10 View Abstract

End-of-Course (EOC) test scores in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) in 1999-2000 showed mixed results when compared to 1998-99 data. WCPSS students showed gains in six subject areas and slight decreases in four subject areas on the multiple choice tests. On the English II writing test, 58.1% of WCPSS students showed proficiency in writing in 2000, down 11 percentage points from 69.1% proficient in 1999.

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October 2000 Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Year One - End of Year Performance Report June 1, 2000 - September 30, 2000 Paeplow, Colleen
Reichstetter, Rosemary

54 View Abstract

This is the Year One - End-of-Year Performance Report for the Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project. The Wake County Safe Schools/Healthy Students Project is a part of a federal initiative. The Department of Education, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the Department of Health and Human Services have joined together in an initiative to stop violence and substance abuse within schools. Each of the three departments has challenged organizations and agencies over the country to develop projects that address six elements. Wake County has done so through developing four goals and seventeen strategies. Within this reporting period, training has taken place, programs have been designed and set up, and full implementation is scheduled to begin during fall 2000. Overall, county partners and agencies involved with the project show pride in the enormous accomplishments that so many have made within the short period of one year. The subsequent outcome as well as eventual impact of the project's efforts are of increasing interest to the stakeholders in the endeavor.

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October 2000 Progress Towards the 95% Goal: 2000 Dulaney, Chuck

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Report Summary Analysis of EOG test results for 1999-2000 shows that: Scores on all four tests targeted by the 2003 Goal were higher than ever before. Current rates of improvement are inadequate to reach the goal. The groups which have the highest percentage of students scoring below grade level are students from low income families, African-American and Hispanic students, and students identified as learning disabled or behaviorally/emotionally handicapped. The strongest predictor of low achievement is income, as measured by eligibility for free or reduced price lunch. Approximately 52% of students qualifying for the school lunch program scored in Levels I or II. On average, students who qualify for the free or reduced lunch program (FRL) show smaller academic gains than other students and are three years behind their non-FRL peers in middle school.

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September 2000 1999-2000 North Carolina ABC Results Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

9 View Abstract

1999-2000 North Carolina ABC Results

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August 2000 1999-2000 End-of-Grade Multiple Choice Test Results Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck

24 View Abstract

1999-2000 End-of-Grade Multiple Choice Test Results

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August 2000 1999-2000 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results Dulaney, Chuck
Sharpe, Nartarshia

7 View Abstract

1999-2000 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results

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August 2000 Is Summer School Effective for Remediation in Algebra I? Baenen, Nancy
Lloyd, Wanda

6 View Abstract

For students who failed Algebra in 1994-95, repeating the course in summer school was as effective as repeating the course the next school year in improving students' knowledge. End-of-Course test scores improved for both groups (with no significant differences between the groups), and students who took the course during summer school were more likely to pass than those repeating the course during the regular school year.

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July 2000 Results from the 1999 WCPSS Parent Survey How Do Parent Opinions About WCPSS Compare to Local and National Attitudes Toward the Public Schools? Speas, Carol

49 View Abstract

Results from the 1999 WCPSS Parent Survey How Do Parent Opinions About WCPSS Compare to Local and National Attitudes Toward the Public Schools?

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July 2000 Annual Performance Report 1999-2000 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Grant Penta, Mary

82 View Abstract

The first purpose of both the new and revised magnet themes is to eliminate minority group isolation and promote broad participation and interaction among diverse groups of students. Year 2 results for this purpose are disappointing. However, results in achieving the other three purposes of the project are very good.

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June 2000 1999-2000 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results Dulaney, Chuck
Sharpe, Nartarshia

12 View Abstract

1999-2000 North Carolina Writing Assessment Results

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June 2000 1998-99 Advanced Placement Exam Results Baenen, Nancy

9 View Abstract

In comparison to other NC regions, WCPSS excelled in the average exam score relative to North Carolina, the southern region, and globally. (3.41) and percent of scores 3 or more (77.8%) for exams overall, as well as for most of the 31 exams given.

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March 2000 1998-99 Computer Skills Tests Results Tyler, Doris

7 View Abstract

1998-99 Computer Skills Tests Results

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February 2000 Dropout Report 1998-1999 Gilleland, Kevin
Howard, Daniel

51 View Abstract

The 1998-99 duplicated dropout rate is the percent of first-time dropouts (those who dropped out for the first time in 1998-99) and previous year dropouts (those who dropped out before 1998-99, returned to school in 1998-99, and dropped out again). There had been a steady decline in the WCPSS dropout rate for grades 7-12 from 1993-94 to 1997-98. However, the percentage of WCPSS dropouts increased between 1997-98 and 1998-99. The WCPSS dropout increase also corresponded to a dramatic increase in dropouts reported across the state. (Figure 1). These increases may be due to a rule change in the assessment of dropout rates which now reports students who transfer to community colleges to receive their GED as dropouts. In the past, these students were referred to as transfers.

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February 2000 Measurement Error Banks, Karen
Dulaney, Chuck
Johnson, Stephen

4 View Abstract

Measurement Error

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February 2000 Impact of Instructional Assistance 1998-99: Accountability Report Baenen, Nancy

42 View Abstract

WCPSS has had efforts in place to support low achieving students for many years. However, about 20% of WCPSS students do not score high enough to be considered "on grade level" on the End-Of-Grade (EOG) tests given across North Carolina in grades 3-8. WCPSS and the community have adopted the goal that 95% of our students will score on grade level in grades 3 and 8 by 2003. Staff recognized that the 95% achievement goal could not be accomplished unless we tried new ways to help low achieving students and provided additional resources to schools. For the 1998-99 school year, previously funded efforts such as special education, Title I, English as a Second Language, and Student Support Teams continued, but approximately $5 million in additional funds (some grant and some local) were also allocated to schools to support low achieving students. This report focuses on whether the additional funds made a difference in the progress of low achieving students and what techniques seemed to make the most positive difference for students.

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January 2000 Building Successful Teacher Use of Computers in the Classroom Reichstetter, Rosemary

25 View Abstract

Middle school teachers in the Wake County Public School System use computers more as their level of training increases, especially when that training addresses their specific subject areas*. More frequent use is also related to specific training components delivered by the instructor (presentation of theory, demonstrations/modeling of use, coaching/feedback regarding use, and practice) and to the availability of ongoing support. The study concluded that technology training, addressing teaching areas (e.g., language arts, mathematics, sciences, etc.), and the delivery of specific training components combine to be the best predictor of subsequent computer use by teachers. The study further concluded that technology training was related to frequency of classroom instructional use in nine of eleven types of computer technology (e.g., word processing, spreadsheets, databases, desktop publishing). Of overall interest is that approximately one-third (31%) of the teacher respondents reported no computer use in their lessons at all and many reported no computer use in specific computer technology types.

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January 2000 Impact of Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) and Other Assistance 1999-2000 Baenen, Nancy
Lloyd, Wanda

96 View Abstract

ALP and other assistance appeared to have some positive impact on achievement, primarily at the elementary level.

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November 1999 Dropout Report 1997-1998 Gilleland, Kevin
Howard, Daniel

49 View Abstract

Dropout Report 1997-1998

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November 1999 Iowa Test of Basic Skills: A 1998-99 Update Burch, Glenda
Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

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Iowa Test of Basic Skills: A 1998-99 Update

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September 1999 1998-99 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results Gay Fejoku, Caroline

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1998-99 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) Results

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August 1999 1998-99 ABCs Results Dulaney, Chuck
Speas, Carol

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1998-99 ABCs Results

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August 1999 Progress Towards the 95% Goal Dulaney, Chuck

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Progress Towards the 95% Goal

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July 1999 Collected Evaluations on the WCPSS Alternative School Program for Students with Long-Term Suspensions Carruthers, Bill

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The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) has provided an alternative school program for students with long-term (LT) suspensions since the 1995-96 year. In 1995-96, the program was operated by the WCPSS and known as the Alternative Learning Center (ALC). Since the 1996-97 year, the WCPSS has contracted with the Richard M. Milburn High School (RHMS), a private firm, to operate the program. Over these years, the WCPSS has conducted a number of evaluations of the program. This Executive Summary highlights major conclusions of these collected evaluations.

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March 1999 The Impact of Poverty Upon Schools Banks, Karen

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The Impact of Poverty Upon Schools

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July 1993 Current Employment and Future Plans of High School Students Banks, Karen

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Current Employment and Future Plans of High School Students

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